Bohemian Kings and Rulers

Updated 6 May 2012.



Abbreviations used:
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
gs = grandson of, ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

No. Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations
000 722-745 Przemysl = Primislaw = Premislaw;
A Bohemian farmer from near Stadicz; † c. 745;
Duke of Bohemia from 722;
He was elected from the Slavic tribe, the Tschechenians / Czechs, who emerged in Bohemia around 600 and expelled the Avars under the rule of Samo between 627 and 662; [9951]

Libussa; d judge or prince Krok;
children :
X.   Unknown children and line up to (010);
010 871-889 Borivoj = Borzivoy I = Borziwoj I the Holy;
s Prince Hostiwit; † 889; His rule is taken from his Christening date which in another source is given as 845;
King of Bohemia from 871;

Borivoj had a sister who m Prince Swatopluk I of Moravia, who was a nephew of the Moravian Prince Rastislaw, † 894;

Ludmilla of Milnick; † 16/09 927 murdered by her daughter-in-law, Drahomira; later she was canonized;
d Slavibor of Psova;
children :
1.   Spitignew (020);
2.   Wratislaw (030);
020 894-905
or
895-915
Spitignew I = Spitignev I = Spytihnev I;
s(010); † 905, 912 or 915; ‡ Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 894 or 895;
Ruled Bohemia as a fief under Emperor Arnulf;
030 905-921
or
915-921
Wratislaw I = Vratislav I;
s(010); † 13/02 921 or 926; ‡ In St. George's Prague;
King of Bohemia from 915 or 912;
Duchess Drahomira was regent from 926 til 928 according to one source [9951];

Drahomira of Stodor in Wendland; exiled some time after 935;
children :
1.   Vaclav (040);
2.   Boleslav; (050);
3.   Spitignev; died young;
4.   Pribislava;
040 921-929
or
921-935
Vaclav I the Holy = Vaclav I Svaty = Wenceslaw I den Hellige;
s(030); * 921; † 935 murdered by brother (050); ‡ St. Veit, Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 921 or 926;
St. Vavclav is called "The Good King Wenceslas".

St. George Cathedral founded;
050 935-967 Boleslav I the Cruel = Boleslaw I den Grusomme = Boleslaus I;
s(030); † 15/07 973 or 976;
Duke of Bohemia from 935;
955 Battle of Lechfeld. Victory together with the German Empire over the Magyars.

Biagota; proof of marriage is ill-founded;
children :
1.   Boleslav II; (060);
2.   Strachkvas = Christian; * 935; † 996; became a monk in St. Emeran in Regensburg;
Source [9951]: Became Bishop of Prague from 997, however, died the following year;
3.   Dobrova = Dubrawka; * 938; † 977;
   m 963 (his 2nd wife) Prince Mieszko I of Poland (PI-01); † 992;
4.   Maria; became an abbess of St. George's in Prague;
060 967-999 Boleslav II = Boleslaw II den Fromme = Boleslaus the Pious;
s(050); † 07/02 999; ‡ St. George's, Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 967 or 972;

Hemma = Emma = Elgiva; † 1005; d Edward the Elder of Wessex;
A single source claims d. King Conrad the Peaceful of Burgundy;
children :
1.   Vaclav; died during infancy;
2.   Boleslav III; (070, 090 + 110);
3.   Jaromir; (100, 130 + 150);
4.   Udalrich; (140 + 160);
5.   Luta;

973 Bishopric of Prague founded under Mainz Archiepiscopate.
070 999-1002
and
1003-1003
Boleslav III = Boleslaw III den Røde = Boleslaus the Red-haired;
s(060); † 1035 as prisoner in Poland;
See also (090 + 110); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from 999 to 1002, deposed and
replaced by (080) and
Restored twice briefly in 1003 and finally blinded ordered by Prince Boleslaw the Brave of Poland (080);

Predslava;
no children mentioned;
080 1002-1003
or
1003-1004
Boleslav IV of Bohemia = Boleslav I of Poland = Boleslaw Chrobry - the Brave = Vladivoj;
s(050-3) = s(Poland PI01); * 967; † 17/06 1025;
See also (120); First period in Bohemia:
Duke, Count or Prince of Poland from 992 to 1024;
Duke of Bohemia from 1002/1003 to 1003/1004 as Boleslaw IV;
He placed a brother, Vladivoj, as regent in Bohemia;
King of Poland from 19/04 1024;
Paid tribute to the German Emperor and was his vassal;

Hemmedis; m(1) 984; divorced 986; d of Margrave Rikdag of Meissen
children :
1.   Daughter; * 984 c.;
2.   Son; * 986 c.;

Judith; m(2) 985; divorced 987; d Duke Geiza I of Hungary;
child :
3.   Bezprim; (Polish: PI-04);

Emnilde = Emminild Dodrimir; m(3); † 1017; d Chief Dobromir;
children :
4.   Mieszko; ( Polish: PI-03); † 1034;
5.   Daughter; * 988;
6.   Regelinda = Regelyn; * 989; † 21/03 1014 or 1015;
   m 1003 Margrave Hermann of Meissen; † 1038;
7.   Otto; * 1000; † 1033 murdered;
     Otto is in [9951] mentioned as synonym for Bezprim and claimant to the throne, deposed 1025 but took 1030 Poland as fief of the German Emperor;
8.   Daughter;
     m 1013 c. Svyatopolk of Kiev; (Russia: K07);

Oda; m(4) 03/02 1018; cast off 1018 c. † 1025; d Duke Echard I of Thuringia;
child :
9.   Matylda = Matilda; * 1017 c.; † 1035 or later;
   m 18/05 1035 Duke Otto of Schweinfurt, Duke of Swabia; † 28/09 1057;

Predslawa; m(5); d Grand Prince Vladimir I of Kiev;

The marriage of Thyra (-02-5), d King Harald Blåtand of Denmark, to Boleslav has not been confirmed yet. According to [9951] she was married to the Wenden Prince Vortigern;
090 1003-1003 Boleslav III = Boleslaw III den Røde;
s(060); † 1035 as prisoner in Poland;
See also (070); Second period as:
Duke of Bohemia in 1003;
Had later the same year another period;

Predslava;
no children mentioned;
100 1003
and
1004-1012
and
1033-1034
Jaromir;
s(060); † 1033 or 04/11 1034 blinded; according to [9951] murdered 1038;
See also (130 + 150); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from mid 1002 to beginning of 1003, exiled the same year;
Restored 07/09 1004 to 12/04 1012 (130), again exiled;
Restored again from 1033 to 1034 (150);
110 1003 Boleslav III = Boleslaw III den Røde;
See also (070) and (090);
s(060); † 1035 as prisoner in Poland;
Third period as:
Duke of Bohemia in 1003;
He was finally blinded ordered by Prince Boleslaw the Brave of Poland (080);

Predslava;
no children mentioned;
120 1003-1004 Boleslav IV of Bohemia = Boleslav I of Poland = Boleslaw Chrobry - the Brave;
s(050-3) = s(Poland PI01); * 967; † 17/06 1025;
See also (080); Second period:
Duke, Count or Prince of Poland from 992 to 1024;
Duke of Bohemia from 1002/1003 to 1003/1004 as Boleslaw IV;
He placed a brother Vladivoj as regent in Bohemia;
King of Poland from 19/04 1024;
Paid tribute to the German Emperor and was his vassal;

130 1004-1012
and
1033-1034
Jaromir;
s(060); † 1033 or 04/11 1034 blinded; according to [9951] murdered 1038;
See also (100 + 150); Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from mid 1002 to beginning of 1003, exiled the same year;
Restored 07/09 1004 to 12/04 1012 (130), again exiled;
Restored again from 1033 to 1034 (150);
140 1012-1033
and
1034
Oldrich = Udalrich = Ulrich;
s(060); † 09/11 1034; ‡ St. George's Prague;
See also (160); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from 12/04 1012 to 1033;
Restored for a second period in 1034;

unknown, maybe illegitimate;
children :
1.   Bretislav; (170);
2.   Vratislav; became a canon in Prague;
150 1003
and
1004-1012
and
1033-1034
Jaromir;
s(060); † 1033 or 04/11 1034 blinded; according to [9951] murdered 1038;
See also (100 + 130); Third period:
Duke of Bohemia from mid 1002 to beginning of 1003, exiled the same year;
Restored 07/09 1004 to 12/04 1012 (130), again exiled;
Restored again from 1033 to 1034 (150);
160 1034 Oldrich = Udalrich = Ulrich;
s(060); † 09/11 1034; ‡ St. George's Prague;
See also (140); Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from 12/04 1012 to 1033;
Restored for a second period in 1034;
170 1035-1055 Bretislav I = Brzetislaw I;
s(140); * 1002; † 10/01 1055; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1034 or 1035;
Duke of Moravia from 1025 to 1031;

Judith of Schweinfurt; m 1022 to 1029; † 02/08 1058; d Margrave Henry of Nordgau;
children :
1.   Spitignev; (180);
2.   Vratislav II; (190);
3.   Konrad I; (200);
4.   Jaromir Gebhard; Bishop of Prague 1068-1090 and Chancellor to Emperor Henry IV 1077 to 1084;
   * c. 1040; † 26/09 1090;
5.   Otto I; (175);
6.   Demudis; died during infancy;
175 - Otto I of Znaim;
s(170); † 09/07 1087;
Duke of Znaim from 1055 to 1056;
Duke of Olmütz from 1061 to 1087;

Eufemie of Hungary; † 02/04 1111;
children :
1.   Svatopluk II; (230);
2.   Otto II;
3.   Bohuslava;
180 1055-1061 Spitinev II = Spytihnev II = Spitignew II;
s(170); * 1031, † 28/01 1061; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1055;
Duke of Moravia from 1049 to 1054;

Hidda of Eilenburg;
children :
1.   Svatobor Friedrich; Patriarch of Aquileia as Friedrich II from 1085; † 1086;
2.   Daughter;
190 1061-1085 Vratislav II = Wratislaw II;
s(170); * c. 1032; † 14/01 1092; ‡ St. Peter & Paul in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1061 to 1085;
King of Bohemia from 1085; The first to use the title.

Maria; m(1);

Adelaide of Hungary; m(2); 1057; † 27/01 1062;
children :
1.   Bretislav II; (210);
2.   Judith; * 1056; † 25/12 1086;
   m c. 1080 or 1089 Vladislav I Herman; † 04/06 1102;
3.   Vratislav; † 19/11 1061;
4.   Ludmilla; became a nun;

Swatawa of Poland; m(3) c. 1063; † 01/09 1126;
children :
5.   Boleslav; Duke of Olmütz from 1090 to 1091; * c. 1064; † 11/8 1091;
6.   Borzivoy II; (220);
7.   Vladislav I; (240);
8.   Sobieslav I; (270);
9.   Judith; † 09/12 1108;
   m 1088 Wiprecht of Groitzsch, Count of Magdeburg; † 22/05 1124;
200 1092 Konrad I = Conrad I;
s(170); † 06/09 1092; ‡ St. Peter & Paul, Prague;
Duke of Bohemia in 1092;
Duke in Brünn from 1055 to 1056 and 1061 to 1092;

Viliburg; Countess of Tengling;
children :
1.   Udalrich; Duke of Moravia 1092-1099 and 1100-1113; † 27/03 1113;
2.   Luitold; Duke of Moravia 1092-1099 and 1101-1112; † 15/03 1112;
   m Ida of Babenberg; † 1115;
     they got:
     a. Konrad II, Duke of Moravia;
     m 1132 Maria of Serbia; † 1190 or 1196;
        they got:
        i) Konrad III Otto; (320);
210 1092-1100 Bretislav II = Brzetislaw II;
s(190); † 22/12 1100, murdered; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1092;

Liutgarde of Bogen; m 1094; † 31/12 1094; d Margrave Ernest I;
child :
1.   Bretislav; blinded 1130 and died 08/03 1130 (not confirmed);
220 1101-1107
and
1117-1120
Borivoj II = Borzivoy = Brzetislaw II = Borzhivoi II;
s(190); * c. 1064; †02/02 1124; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
See also (250); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1101 to 1107, expelled 1107;

Gerberga of Austria; † 13/07 1142; d Margrave Leopold the Fair;
children :
1.   Jaromir; † 1135;
2.   Spitignev; † 03/01 1157;
3.   Lupold; - 1143 -
4.   Boleslav; - 1146 -
5.   Albrecht; † 07/04 1124 or before;
6.   Richza; † 27/02 1124 or before;
230 1107-1109 Svatopluk = Swatopluk;
s(175); #134; 21/09 1109; murdered;
Duke of Bohemia from 1107;

Unknown;
child :
1.   Vaclav; Duke of Moravia from 1126 to 1130; † 01/08 1130;
240 1109-1117
and
1120-1125
Vladislav I = Wladislaw I;
s(190); † 12/04 1125;
See also (260); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117; he relinquished the duchy voluntarily and had a second period from 1120 to 1125;

Richza von Berg; † 27/09 1125;
children :
1.   Vladislav II; (280);
2.   Diepold; Duke of Moravia; † 15/08 1167;
3.   Henry = Heinrich; † after 1169;
   m Margarete; † before 19/01 1186;
   they got:
     a) Henry Bretislav; (350):
4.   Liutgarda = Svatava; † 19/02 1146 or later;
250 1117-1120 Borivoj II = Brzetislaw II = Borzhivoi II;
s(190); * c. 1064; †02/02 1124; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
See also (220) for family; Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1101, expelled 1107 and had a second period from 1117;
260 1120-1125 Vladislav I = Wladislaw I;
s(190); † 12/04 1125;
See also (240) for family; Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117 and had a second period from 1120 to 1125;

270 1125-1140 Sobieslav I Udalrich = Sobieslav I = Sobeslav I;
s(190); * between 1075 and 1090; † 14/02 1140; ‡ St. Paul & Peter in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1125;

Adelaide of Hungary; * c. 1105; m 1123; † 15/09 1140; d King Carloman of Hungary
children :
1.   Vladislav; - 1138 -
2.   Sobieslav II; (300);
3.   Ulrich; * 1134; † 18/10 1177;
   Duke of Bohemia 1165; Duke of Moravia 1173-1176;
   m(1) Cecilie of Thuringia;
   m(2) Sophie of Meissen;
4.   Vaclav II; (330);
5.   Marie;
   m(1) Margrave Leopold IV of Austria; † 18/10 1141;
   m(2) Margrave Hermann III of Baden; † between 1153 and 1160;
280 1140-1172 Vladislav II = Wladislaw II;
s(240); * c. 1110; † 18/01 1174;
Duke of Bohemia from 1140 to 1158;
King of Bohemia from 1158; The second to use the title;
Crowned at the Diet of Regensburg in 1158 by Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa
Declined the throne in 1172 or 1173;

Gertrud; m(1) 1140; † 04/08 1150; d Margrave Leopold IV of Austria (Germ. 021d-9) or Austrian rulers (60-10);
children :
1.   Bedrich; (290);
2.   Svatopluk; † c. 1164;
   m c. 1164 Odola of Hungary;
3.   Vojtech = Adalbert; Archbishopof Salzburg from 1168; † 08/04 1200;
4.   Agnes; Abbess of St. George's in Prague; † 07/06 1228;

Judith; d Count Ludwig III of Thuringia;
children :
5.   Premysl I Otakar; (340);
6.   Vladislav III Henry; (360):
290 1172-1173
and
1178
Bedrich = Friedrich;
s(280); * 1141; † 25/03 1189;
See also (310); First period:
He had received homage as his fathers successor, but was driven away by Duke Sobieslav II (300);
Duke of Bohemia from 1172 to 1173 and 1178;
Duke of Olmütz from 1164 to 1173;
Duke of Moravia from 1180 to 1189;

Elizabeth; m c. 1157; † c. 1190; d King Geiza II of Hungary;
children :
1.   Vratislav; † c. 1180;
2.   Sofie; † 24/05 1195;
   m 1186 Margrave Albrecht I Meissen;
3.   Ludmila; * c. 1170; † 04/08 1240;
   m(1) Count Adalbert III of Bogen; † 1197;
   m(2) 1204 Duke Ludwig I of Bavaria; † 15/09 1231;
4.   Olga; † c. 1163;
5.   Margareta;
6.   Helena;
300 1173-1178 Sobieslav II = Sobeslav II = Sobieslaw II Bondefyrsten;
s(270); * 1128; † 09/01 1180; ‡ St. Peter & Paul in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia from 1173;

Elzbieta of Poland; * 1152; † 1209;
no children mentioned;
310 1178 Bedrich = Friedrich;
s(280); * 1141; † 25/03 1189;
See also (290) for family; Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1172 to 1173 and 1178;
Duke of Olmütz from 1164 to 1173;
Duke of Moravia from 1180 to 1189;
320 1182
and
1189-1191
Konrad III Otto = Conrad-Otto;
s(200-2-a); * 1136 or 1140; † 09/09 1191; ‡ Monte Cassino and later St. Veit in Prague;
Duke of Bohemia 1182 and from 1189;
Duke of Znaim from 1161 to 1182;
Duke of Brünn from 1177 to 1182;
Duke of Olmütz from 1180 to 1182;
Margrave or Duke of Moravia from 1179 or 1182 to 1191;

Heilika of Wittelsbach; m before 1176; † after 1189;
no children mentioned;

1182: The Castle of Prague built in Romanesque style;
330 1191-1191 Vaclav II = Wenceslaw II;
s(270); * 1137; † c. 1192 as prisoner in Meissen;
Duke of Bohemia from Sep. 1191 to Dec. 1191;
Margrave of Moravia;
340 1192-1193
and
1193-1197
and
1198-1230
Premysl I Otakar = Primislaw II Ottokar;
s(280); * c. 1155; † 15/12 1230; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
See also (370); First period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1191 or 1192 to 1193 when he was expelled;
and Duke of Bohemia from 1197 to 1198;
King of Bohemia from 1198; From then the title was commonly and hereditarily used;
Appointed king by King Philip of Germany;
Count of Moravia from 1192 to 1193 and margrave 1222 to 1224;

Adelheid = Adela; m(1) 1187; divorced 1198; † 1211; d Margrave Otto the Rich of Meissen;
another source claims she was d of Margrave Konrad of Meissen and Lausitz;
She was later married(1) to King Svend Grathe of Denmark; † 1257;
children :
  1.   Vratislav; - 1201 -
  2.   Margareta = Dagmar; † 24/05 1212
   m 1205 King Valdemar II of Denmark; * 1170; † 28/03 1241;
  3.   Hedwig; became a nun;
  4.   Bozislava;
   m Count Henry I of Ortenburg; † 1241;

Constance = Constantia; * c. 1180; m(2) c. 1198; † 06/12 1240; d King Bela II of Hungary;
children :
  5.   Vratislav; † 1200 as a youngster;
  6.   Vaclav I; (380);
  7.   Vladislav; Margrave of Moravia; * 1207; † 18/02 1227;
  8.   Premysl; Margrave of Moravia; * 1209 † 16/10 1239;
  9.   Jutta; † 1230;
   m 1213 Duke Bernhard of Carinthia; † 1256;
10.   Anna; * 1204; † 23/06 1265;
   m 1216 Duke Henry II of Silesia; † 09/04 1241;
11.   Agnes; became abbess and was canonized 1989; * 20/01 1205; † 02/03 1281;
12.   Blazena; * 1210; † 24/10 1281;
13.   Agnes; died young;

The royal title was later secured for the king and his successors through the Golden Bull of Sicily - en edict given by Emperor Frederick II.
350 1193-1197 Jindrich Bretislav III = Henrik Brzetislaw;
s(240-3); † 15/06 1197;
Duke of Bohemia from 1193;
Count of Moravia from 1193;
Archbishop of Prague from 1182 to 1197;
360 1197 Vladislav III Henry = Wladislaw III Heinrich;
s(280); * c. 1160; † 12/08 1222;
Duke of Bohemia from 22/06 1197 to 06/12 1197;
Count of Moravia from 1192 to 1194 and margrave from 1197 to 1222;
Renounced the duchy in favour of his brother Promislaw (370);

Hedwiga;
no children mentioned;
370 1197-1230 Premysl I Otakar = Primislaw II Ottokar;
s(280); * c. 1155; † 15/12 1230; ‡ St. Veit in Prague;
See also (340) for family; Second period:
Duke of Bohemia from 1191 or 1192 to 1193 when he was expelled;
and Duke of Bohemia from 1197 to 1198;
King of Bohemia from 1198; Royalty accepteb by Emperor Otto IV of Germany in 1204;
Definitely confirmed by Emperor Frederick II 26/09 1212, when the king received the Golden Bull stating the sovereignty of Bohemia;
Appointed king by King Philip of Germany (027);
Margrave of Moravia from 1192 to 1193 and 1222 to 1224;
380 1230-1253 Vaclav I = Wenceslaw III Ottokar;
s(340); * 1205; † 23/09 1253; ‡ Franciscan Monastery, Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1230 taking the name of King Vaclav I;
Margrave of Moravia from 1239 to 1246;

Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen; * c. 1200; m 1224; † 13/09 1248
children :
1.   Vladislav; Margrave of Moravia 1246-1247; Duke of Austria 1246-1247; † 03/01 1247;
   m 1246 Gertrud of Austria; † 1288 or 1299;
2.   Premysl II Otakar; (390);
3.   Beatrix; † 25/05 1286;
   m 1243 Margrave Otto III of Meissen;
4.   Agnes; * 1218; † 1286;
   m 1244 Margrave Henry of Meissen; * 1218; † 1288;
390 1253-1278 Premysl II Otakar = Primislaw III Otakar = Ottokar III;
s(380); * c. 1233; † 26/08 1278 in action; ‡ St. Veit, Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1253;
Margrave of Moravia from 1247;
Duke of Austria from 1251;
He was expelled by Emperor Rudolf I (031);

Margarete; m(1) 11/02 1252; divorced 1261 or 1264; † 02/10 1267; d Duke Leopold VI of Austria;

Kunigunde of Haliocz; * 1245; m(2) 25/10 1261; † 09/09 1285; d Duke Rostislaw of Halitsch;
She remarried Zawisch Rosenberg of Falkenstein, executed 1283;
children :
1.   Henry; * 1262; † 1263;
2.   Kunigunde; * 1265; † 27/11 1321;
   m 1291 Duke Boleslaw of Masovia; † 1302; took the veil after the marriage had ended;
3.   Agnes; * 00/09 1269; † 17/05 1296;
   m 1289 Duke Rudolf II of Austria; * 1271; † 10/05 1290;
4.   Vaclav II; (400);

Plus several illegitimate children by Margaret of Chuenring;

1258-1268 Strahov Monastery rebuilt in Gothic style;
400 1278-1305 Vaclav II = Wenceslaw IV den Gode;
s(390); *17/09 1271; † 21/06 1305; ‡ Cistercian Monastery, Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1278;
King of Poland from 1300 as Vaclav I;
Duke of Cracow and Sendomir from 1290; Margrave of Moravia from 1278;
From 1291 including the Silecian Duchy;

Judith = Jutta von Habsburg; * 1271; m(1) 1285 or 1287; † 18/06 1297; d Emperor Rudolf I;
children :
  1.   Premysl Ottakar; * 06/05 1288; † 10/11 or 19/11 1288;
  2.   Wenceslausm= Vaclav III; (410); * 06/10 1289;
  3.   Agnes; * 06/10 1289; † 1293 or soon after 06/08 1296;
   betrothed to Robert, s Adolf of Nassau (Germ. 032);
   m 1296 Robert [According to other source];
  4.   Anna; * 10/10 or 15/10 1290; † 03/09 1313;
   m 1306 Duke Henry of Carinthia; (420);
  5.   Elizabeth; * 20/01 or 04/03 1292; † 28/09 1330;
   m 01/09 1310 Duke Johann of Luxemburg (450), * 10/08 1296; † 26/08 1346;
  6.   Judith = Guta; * 04/03 1293; † 03/08 1294;
  7.   Jan; * 26/02 1294; † 01/03 1294;
  8.   Jan; * 21/02 or 21/03 1295; † 06/12 1296;
  9.   Margarete; * 21/02 1296; † 08/04 1322;
   m 1308 Duke Boleslaw III of Wroclaw & Liegnitz; * 23/09 1291; † 21/04 1352;
10.   Guta; * 21/05 1297; † 21/05 1297;

Richsa = Elzbieta Ryksa; m(2) 26/05 1300; † 18/10 1335; d King Przemislav II of Poland;
After the marriage ended she remarried Rudolf of Austria (430), son of Albrecht I;
child :
11.   Agnes; * 15/06 1305; † before 04/01 1337;
   m 1316 Duke Henry I of Jauer = Jawor and Fürstenberg; † 1346;
410 1305-1306 Vaclav III = Wenceslaw V;
s(400); * 06/10 1289; † 04/08 1306, murdered; ‡ Cistercian Monastery, Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1305;
King of Poland (PI-20) from 1305;
King of Hungary from 1301 to 1305 as Vencel;
The last of the Premyslid Dynasty; Extinct!

Viola of Teschen; m 1305; † 21/09 1317;
420 1306
and
1307-1310
Jindr ich Korutansky = Henry = Heinrich;
s Count Meinhard IV of Tirol and Duke of Carinthia as Meinhard II; * 1270; † 04/04 1335;
See also (440); First period:
King of Bohemia in1306;
Duke of Carinthia from 1310;
Count of Tirol from 1310;

Anna; * 15/10 1290; m(1) 13/02 1306; † 03/09 1313;

Adelheid of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen; * 1285; m(2) 1315; † 18/08 1320;
children :
1.   Adelheid; * 1317: † 25/05 1325;
2.   Margaret Maultasch, Countess of Görz and Tirol; * 1318; † 03/10 1369;
   m(1) 1329 Johann Heinrich of Bohemia (450-6); * 12/02 1322; † 12/11 1375;
   m(2) 10/02 1342 Duke Ludwig V of Bavaria; * 1313; † 18/09 1361;

Beatrix of Savoy; * 1310; m(3) 1328; † 20/12 1331;
430 1306-1307 Rudolf I of Habsburg = Rudolf III of Austria;
s Emperor Albrecht I; * c. 1282; † 04/07 1307;
King of Bohemia from 1306 to 1307;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1298 to 1307;

Blanche of France; * 1278: m(1) 25/05 1300; †19/03 1305; d King Philip III;
child :
1.   daughter died young:

Elisabeth = Rixa; * 01/09 1288; m(2) c. Oct. 1306; † 19/10 1335; d King Przemislav II of Poland;
440 1307-1310 Jindr ich Korutansky = Henry V of Carinthia = Heinrich von Kärnten;
s Count Meinhard IV of Tirol and Duke of Carinthia as Meinhard II; * 1270; † 04/04 1335;
See also (420) for family; Second period:
King of Bohemia in 1307, expelled in 1310;
Duke of Carinthia from 1310;
Count of Tirol from 1310;

450 1310-1346 Jan = Jean de Luxemburg = John of Luxemburg;
s King Heinrich of Germany (Germany 034); * 10/08 1296; † 26/08 1346, killed in battle at Crécy;
King of Bohemia from 1310 named Jan;
King of Germany from 1314 as Frederick II;
Crowned 07/02 1311;
Margrave of Moravia from 1311;

Elisabeth = Eliska; * 20/01 1292; m(1) 01/09 1310; † 28/09 1330; d Elisabeth & Johann of Luxemburg (400-5);
children :
1.   Margarete; * 08/07 1313; † 11/07 1341;
   m 12/08 1328 Duke Henry III of Lower Bavaria; * 1304; † 01/09 1339:
2.   Jutta = Bona; * 21/05 1315; † 11/09 1349;
   m 06/08 1332 King John II of France; * 26/04 1319; † 08/04 1364;
3.   Karel = Charles IV (460); * 14/05 1316; † 29/11 1378;
4.   Ottokar; * 22/11 1318; † 20/04 1320;
5.   Anne; * 1319; † 03/09 1338;
   m 16/02 1335 Duke Otto of Austria; * 23/07 1301; † 26/02 1339;
6.   Johann Heinrich; * 12/02 1322; † 12/11 1375;
   Margrave of Moravia from 1349;
   m(1) 16/09 1330 Countess Margarete Maultasch of Tirol; * 1318; † 03/10 1369; div. 1349;
   m(2) 1350 Margareta von Troppau; * 1330; † 1363;
   m(3) 26/02 1364 Margarete of Austria; * 1346; † 14/01 1366;
   m(4) 1366 Elisabeth von Öttingen; † 1409;
7.   Elisabeth; * 27/03 1323; † 1324;
One source has (450-6) and (450-7) as twins born 27/03 1323;

Beatrix de Bourbon; * 1320; m(2) 1334; † 23/12 1383;
child :
8.   Wenceslas I of Luxemburg; * 25/02 1337; † 07/12 1383;

1344 Prague became an archiepiscopate see with power to crown kings;
460 1346-1378 Wenceslas Karel IV = Charles IV of Germany;
s(450); * 14/05 1316; † 29/11 1378;
King of Bohemia from 1346 as Karl I;
Crowned 01/09 1347;
Margrave of Moravia from 1334 to 1346;
Duke of Luxemburg from 1346 to 1353;
The Luxemburg dynasty became hereditary monarchs of Bohemia from 07/04 1348 and from 25/12 1356 Bohemia became the foremost royal electors of the Holy Roman Emperors (the edict also called a Golden Bull);
King of Germany from 1346 as Karl I;
Crowned Bonn 26/11 1346;
Crowned Aachen 25/07 1349;
Emperor from 1355 as Charles IV = Karl IV Luxembourg;
Crowned Rome 05/04 1355;
King of Lombardy, crowned 06/01 1355;
King of Arles, crowned 18/06 1365;

Blanche de Valois; * 1316; m(1) 1329; † 01/08 1348;
children :
  1.   Margarete; * 24/05 1335; † 07/09 1349;
   m 1338 King Louis I of Hungary; * 05/03 1326; † 10/09 1382;
  2.   Katharine; * 1342; † either 20/05 1386 or 26/04 1395;
   m(1) 13/07 1356 Duke Rudolf IV of Austria; * 1339; † 27/07 1365;
   m(2) 19/03 1366 Margrave Otto V of Brandenburg; * 1347; † 15/11 1379;

Anna of Rhine Palatine; * 26/09 1329; m(2) 04/03 1349; † 02/02 1353;
child :
  3.   Wenceslas; * 17/01 1350; † 28/12 1351;

Anna of Schweidnitz; * 1339; m(3) 27/05 1353; † 11/07 1362;
children :
  4.   Elisabeth; * 19/04 1358; † 04/09 1373;
   m 19/03 1366 Duke Albrecht III of Austria; * 1349; † 29/08 1395;
  5.   Wenceslas IV; (470);

Elizabeth of Pomerania; * 1347; m(4) 21/05 1363; † 14/02 1393;
children :
  6.   Anna of Luxemburg; * 11/07 1366; † 07/06 1394;
   m 1382 King Richard II of England; † 1400;
  7.   Sigismund; (480);
  8.   John of Bohemia; Duke of Görlitz, Elector of Brandenburg; * 15/06 1370; † 01/03 1396;
   m 1388 Katharina = Richardis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; † c. 1396;
  9.   Charles; * 13/03 1372; † 24/07 1373;
10.   Margarete; * 29/09 1373; † 04/06 1410;
   m 1387 Berggrave John III of Nürnberg; * c. 1369; † 11/06 1420;
11.   Henry; * 1377; † 1378;

1348 King Charles IV founded the Prague University = The Charles University;
470 1378-1419 Vaclav IV = Wenceslas IV = King Wenceslas of Germany;
s(460); * 26/02 1361; † 16/08 1419;
King of Bohemia from 1378;
Crowned 15/06 1363;
Duke of Luxemburg from 1383 as Wenceslas II;
ELector of Brandenburg from 1373 to 1378;
King of Germany from 10/06 1376 to 20/08 1400 as Wenzel I;
Crowned German King 06/07 1376;

Johanne; * 1356; m(1) 29/09 1370; † 31/12 1386;d Duke Albrecht I of Bavaria;

Sofie; * 1376; m(2) 02/05 1389; † 26/09 1425; d John II of Bavaria;
   she was created Queen of Bohemia 15/03 1400;

Jan Hus preached in the Bethlehem Chapel to 1413;
On 06/07 1415 Jan Hus was burnt at the stake in Constance;
1419 the burgermasters were thrown out of the windows in Prague; See also (530) at the end;
The Hussite Wars followed against the Catholic Empire;
480 1419-1420
and
1436-1437
Zikmond = Sigismund of Hungary = Sigismund of Germany;
s(460); * 15/02 1368; † 09/12 1437;
See also (500); First period:
King of Bohemia from 1419;
Crowned 28/07 1420;
Duke of Luxemburg from 1419;
King of Hungary from 1387; az Zsigmond;
Crowned 31/03 1387;
Elector of Brandenburg from 1373 to 1387;
King of Germany from 20/09 1410;
Crowned 21/07 141;
Emperor of Germany from 31/05 1433;
King of Lombardy from 25/11 1411;

Maria; m(1) 15/11 1385; † 1392; d Louis the Great of Hungary;

Barbara of Cilli; m(2) 1408; † 11/07 1451;
child :
1.   Elisabeth; * 28/02 1409; † 19/12 1442;
   m 26/04 1422 Duke Albrecht V of Austria (510); * 16/08 1397; † 27/10 1439;
490 1420-1436
Officially King Sigismund ruled from 1419, but in reality he could not function during the Hussites revolution.

A kind of interregnum existed between 1420 and 1436. One source [9951] states that Sigmund Koribut, a nephew to Duke Jagiellon of Lithuania, in 1424 was by the chief of either the Hussites or the Taborites, General John Ziska, called up as King of Bohemia, he was, however, expelled in 1429;
The Hussite Wars lasted to 1435. Religious freedom was given in the Basler Compound, however, recalled in 1462. A certain degree of religious tolerance lasted until 1620;
500 1436-1437 Zikmond = Sigismund of Hungary = Sigismund of Germany;
s(460); * 15/02 1368; † 09/12 1437;
See also (480) for family; Second period:
King of Bohemia from 1419;
Crowned 28/07 1420;
Duke of Luxemburg from 1419;
King of Hungary from 1387; az Zsigmond;
Crowned 31/03 1387;
Elector of Brandenburg from 1373 to 1387;
King of Germany from 20/09 1410;
Crowned 21/07 141;
Emperor of Germany from 31/05 1433;
King of Lombardy from 25/11 1411;
510 1437-1439 Albrecht of Habsburg = Albrecht V of Austria = Albert II of Germany;
s(Germ.338) Duke Albert IV of Austria; * 16/08 1397; † 27/10 1439;
King of Bohemia from 1437;
King of Hungary from 01/01 1438;
Emperor of Germany from 1437;

Elisabeth (480-1); * 28/02 1409; m 26/04 1422; † 19/12 1442;
children :
1.   Anne; * 12/04 1432; † 13/11 1462;
   m 20/06 1446 Duke William of Saxony / of Luxemburg; * 1425; † 17/09 1482;
2.   George; * 1431 or 1435; † 16/02 1435;
3.    Elisabeth; * 1437; † 30/08 1505;
   m 10/03 1454 King Casimir IV of Poland; * 30/11 1427; † 07/06 1492;
   They got 13 children; the first was:
    a) Vladislav III of Hungary (350) and V of Bohemia (540); * 01/03 1456; † 13/03 1516;
4.   Ladislaus (520); * 22/02 1440; † 23/11 1457;
520 1453-1457 Ladislaus Pohrobek = Ladislav Posthumous = Ladislas V of Hungary;
s(510); * 22/02 1440; † 23/11 1457;
King of Bohemia from 1453; A kind of interregnum existed during his childhood;
He was not recognised by Bohemian nobility before 1453;
Duke of Austria from 1440;
King of Hungary from 1453 as Laszlo;

Engaged to a French Princess. The groom died before the wedding could take place. [Tyn Church, p.9]
530 1458-1471 Jiri z Podebrad = George Podiebrad;
s Victorin Podebrad; * 23/04 1420; † 22/03 1471;
Regent in Bohemia from 1440 to 1453 or 1452 to 1458;
King of Bohemia from 1458; elected king 02/03 1458;

Kunigunde; * 18/11 1422; m(1) 1441; † 19/11 1449; d Count Zdenko of Sternberg;
children :
1.   Boczek; * 15/07 1442; † 28/09 1496;
2.   Viktorin Podebrad; * 29/05 1443; † 30/08 1500;
   m(1) Zofie , m(2) Sophie, m(3) Helena; he got 7 children;
3.   Barbora; * 1446; † 1469 or 1474;
   m(1) Jindrich, m(2) Jan Krinecky z Ronova;
4.   Henry the Elder; * 15/05 1448; † 24/06 1498;
   m 09/02 1467 Ursula of Hohenzollern; * 26/09 1450; † 25/11 1508; they got 8 children;
5.   Sidonia = Zdena; * 11/11 1449; † 01/02 1510;
   m 1459 Albrecht II of Saxony; * 31/07 1443; † 12/09 1500;
6.   Kunhuta = Katharina = Catherine; * 11/11 1449; † 18/03 1464;
   m 01/05 1461 King Mathias of Hungary; * 23/02 1443; † 06/04 1490;

Johanna of Rosenthal; * 1425; m(2) 1450; † 14/11 1475; d Bohemian Chancellor Leo of Rozmital;
children :
7.   Heinrich II; * 17/05 1452; † 11/06 1492;
   m 24/05 1459 or 1471 Katharina of Thuringia; * 1453; † 19/07 1491; d Duke William II of Luxemburg;
8.   Friedrich; * 1453; † 1458;
9.   Georg; * 1455; † 1459 or 1462;
10.   Ludmila; * 16/10 1456; † 20/01 1503;
11.   Johann; * after 1456; † 1459;

The Hussite rebellions and years with religious warfare followed with Jan Hus's preaching from 1410 when he was excommunicated. Hus preached in local language and was for the custom of giving out to the congregation both wine and bread during holy communion. He was burnt at the stake 06/07 1415 and the reform ideas continued to be growing to the 17 century and especially during the 30-years war.
535 (1469-1479) Matthias Corvinus of Hungary;
s Johannes Hunyadi; * 23/2 1443; † 6/4 1490;
King of Hungary and Croatia from 20/01 1458, as Matthias I;
Crowned 1464;
Elected King of Bohemia by Catholic aristocrats 20/01 1458 or 02/03 1458, but he was never crowned and in 1479 agreed to rule only Moravia and Silesia and recognised King Ladislaus, king from 1471;
Duke of Austria from 1486;

Matthias was original married as a child to Elisabeth of Cilli. However, she died 06/11 1455 when 15 before the marriage was consummated with the 12 year old Matthias;

Catherine = Kunhuta; m(2) 01/05 1461; † 08/03 1464;
d George Podebrad of Bohemia; the groom accepted the marriage 09/02 1458;
Died in childbirth with stillborn son;

Beatrice of Naples; * 1457; m(3) 15/12 1476, her first m; † 1508;
d Ferdinand I;
The couple never had children.

illegitimate child :
-.   Johann = John;
540 1471-1516 Vladislav II Jagellonsky = Vladislav Jagiellon = Ladislaus II;
s(510-3); * 01/03 1456; † 13/03 1516;
King of Bohemia from 1471;
King og Hungary from 1490;
King of Croatia from 1490;

Barbara; * 30/05 1464; m(1) 20/08 1476; divorced 07/04 1500; † 04/09 1515; d Elector Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg;

Beatrice of Aragon; m(2) secretly and divorced;

Anne de Foix; * 1484; m(3) 06/10 1502; † 26/07 1506; d Count Johan II of Candale, France;
children :
1.   Anna; * 23/07 1503; † 27/01 1547;
   m 25/05 1521 Ferdinand I Habsburg (Boh. 560); * 10/03 1503; † 25/07 1564;
2.   Ludwig II (550); * 01/07 1506; † 29/08 1526;
550 1516-1526 Ludwik II = Louis III of Hungary;
s(540); * 01/07 1506; † 29/08 1526;
Louis was defeated and killed by the Turks in the battle of Mohacs, August 1526; his brother-in-law took over the throne;
King of Bohemia from 1516;
King of Hungary from 1516 as Lajos II;

Marie of Flanders; * 15 or 17/09 1505; m 13/01 1522; † 18/10 or December 1558; d Archduke Philip I of Germany;
no children ;
560 1526-1564 Ferdinand I = Ferdinand I of Germany;
s(); * 10/03 1503; † 25/07 1564; ‡ Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1526, elected 23/10 1526; First Habsburger on the Throne;
Crowned Prague 24/02 1527;
Archduke of Austria from 1519;
King of Hungary from 1526 or 1527, elected 16/12 1526;
Crowned Buda 03/11 1527;
King of Germany from 1531;
Emperor of Germany from 24/02 1556 after brother Charles' abdication

Anna Jagiello; * 23/07 1503; m 25/05 1521 ; † 27/01 1547; d Bohemian King (540);
children :
A total of 15 registered children; they are alle listed on the Germany site. The two Bohemian successors are also listed here:
  2.   Maximilian II (570), (Germany 049), * 31/7 1527, † 12/10 1576;
12.   Charles of Styria, (600); * 03 or 05/06 1540, † 10/07 1590;

1556 The Jesuits were invited to Prague by the king;
570 1564-1576 Maximilian II;
s(560); * 31/07 1527; † 12/10 1576;
King of Bohemia from 1564;
Crowned Prague 1562;
Viceroy of Spain from 1548;
Emperor of Germany from 1564;
King of Hungary from 1564; as Miksa;
Crowned Buda 08/09 1563;

Maria; * 21/06 1528; m 13/09 1548; † 26/02 1603;
children, Nos. 1, 2, 4-15 are all archdukes or -duchesses of Austria:
  1.   Anna, * 02/11 1549, † 26/10 1580;
   m 1570 Philip II of Spain;
  2.   Ferdinand, * 25/03 or 28/03 1551, † 25/06 1551 or 1552;
  3.   Rudolf II (580), * 18/07 1552, † 20/01 1612;
  4.   Ernest, * 15/06 1553, † 20/02 1595;
  5.   Elisabeth, * 05/06 1554; † 22/01 1592;
   m 1570 Charles IX, King of France, 1550-1574;
  6.   Maria, * 27/07 1555, † 25/06 1555 or 1556;
  7.   Matthias, (Germany 051); * 24/02 1557; † 20/03 1619;
   m 04/12 1611 Anna of Tyrol, Archduchess of Austria; * 04/10 1585; † 14/12 1618;
  7a.   Un-named, * 20/10 1557;
  8.   Maximilian, * 12/10 1558, † 2/11 1618;
  9.   Cardinal Albert, * 13/11 or 15/11 1559; † 13/07 1621; Archbishop of Toledo;
   m 1599 Isabella; * 1566; † 1633;
10.   Wenzel, * 0/03 1561, † 22/09 1578;
11.   Friedrich, * 21/06 1562, † 1562 or 16/01 1563;
12.   Maria, * 19/02 1564, † 26/03 1564;
13.   Karl, * 26/09 1565, † 1565 or 23/05 1566;
14.   Margaretha, * 25/01 1567, † 05/07 1633;
15.   Eleonora, * 04/11 1568, † 12/03 1580;

King Maximilian gave in the Bohemian Confession of 1575 a certain degree of religious tolereance;
580 1576-1611 Rudolf II;
s(570); * 18/07 1552; † 20/01 1612 NS; ‡ Prague;
Emperor of Germany from 27/10 1575;
Crowned King of Hungary 25/09 1572 as Rudolf I;
King of Bohemia from 22/09 1575;
Archduke of Austria 1576 as Rudolf V;
no legitimate children, but at least six illegitimate by at least two different mothers;
mentally unstable;

1601 Tycho Brahe died in Prague; ‡ Tyn Church in Prague honored with a brown marbke slab standing on a pillar near the crossing and with a Danish flag at the side;
1609 King Rudolf confirmed the religious freedom by the edict Maiestas Rudolphina;
590 1611-1619 Matthias = Matyas;
s(570); * 24/02 1557; † 20/03 1619;
King of Bohemia from 23/05 1611;
Emperor of Germany from 13/06 1612;
King of Hungary 26/06 1608 as Matthias II;
Crowned in Hungary 19/11 1608;

Anna of Tyrol, Archduchess of Austria;, * 04/10 1585, m 04/12 1611, † 14/12 1618;
no legitimate children ;

1618 Two royal representatives are thrown out of the windows in the royal palace in Prague;
600 1619
and
1620-1637
Ferdinand II;
gs(560-12); * 06/07 1578, † 15/02 1637;
See also (620); First period:
King of Bohemia elected 29/06 1617;
Performed in 1619 to dethronement 27/08 1619;
Ruled a second period from 1620 to 1637;
Crowned in Prague 29/07 1617;
Count of Tyrol from 1590 to 1625;
Emperor of Germany from 28/08 1619;
King of Hungary from 01/07 1619;
Archduke of Styria from 1590;

Maria Anna of Bavaria; * 08/12 1574, m(1) 23/04 1600, † 08/03 1616; d William the Pious;
children :
1.   Christina, * 25/05 1601, † 210/6 1601;
2.   Karl, * 25/05 1603, † 25/05 1603;
3.   Johann Karl, * 01/11 1605, † 26/12 1619;
4.   Ferdinand III, (630 + 650); * 13/07 1608, † 02/04 1657;
5.   Maria Anna, * 1610, m 1635, † 1665;
   m Maximilian of Bavaria;
6.   Cecilia Renata, * 1611, † 1644;
   m 1637 King Ladislaus IV of Poland;
7.   Leopold William, * 1614, † 1652; became regent of the Netherlands;

Eleonora Gonzaga; * 23/09 1598, m(2) 04/02 1622, † 27/06 1655;
no children;
610 1619-1620 Frederick = The Winter King;
s(Palatinate 020); * 16 or 26/08 1596; † 29/11 1632;
King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620;
Crowned 02/11 1619;
Prince of the Rhine Palatinate from 1610 to 1623

He ruled Bohemia as a Protestant, but had to give it up during the 30-years War in 1620 and fled to Holland. He lost his Palatine title in 1623;

Elizabeth Stuart = Elizabeth of Bohemia = The Winter Queen = The Queen of Hearts;
* 19/08 1596; m 14/02 1613; † 13/02 1662; d James I of England;
children :
  1.   Elisabeth; * 26/12 1617; † 11/02 1680; Abbess at Herford;
  2.   Heinrich Friedrich; * 02/01 1614; † 00/01 1629;
  3.   Charles I Louis; * 01/01 1618; † 28/08 1680;
   more marriages and 17 children;
  4.   Ruprecht = Rupert; * 17/12 1619; † 29/11 1682; ‡ Westminster London;
   Prince Rupert participated in the British wars 1640-1670;
  5.   Moritz; * 06/01 1621; † 1653 drowned at sea;
  6.   Luise Hollandine; * 17/04 1622; † 11/02 1709; Abbess;
  7.   Louis = Ludwig; * 21/08 1623; † 24/12 1624;
  8.   Edward = Eduard; * 06/10 1624; † 13/03 1663;
   m 24/04 1645 Anna Gonzaga; * 1616; † 1684; they got 4 children;
  9.   Henriette Marie; * 17/07 1626; † 18/09 1651;
   m 1651 Prince Sigismund Rakoczi of Siebenbürgen;
10.   Philipp; * 16/09 1627; † 16/12 1650;
11.   Charlotte; * 19/12 1628; † 23/01 1631;
12.   Sophia; * 14/10 1630; † 08/06 1714;
   m 30/09 1658 Ernest August, Elector of Hanover, * 30/11 1629; † 02/02 1698;
     they got:
     a) George I of England;
13.   Gustav Adolf; * 04/01 1632; † 09/01 1641;

08/11 1620 The battle at the White Mountain near Prague. The Bohemians lost to the imperial forces;
21/06 1621 A total of 27 Protestants were burnt at the stake in the townhall square in Prague;
620 1620-1637 Ferdinand II;
gs(560-12); * 06/07 1578, † 15/02 1637;
See also (600) for family; Second period:
King of Bohemia elected 29/06 1617;
Crowned in Prague 29/07 1617;
Count of Tyrol from 1590 to 1625;
Emperor of Germany from 28/08 1619;
King of Hungary from 01/07 1619;
Archduke of Styria from 1590;

1622 The Prague University became a Jesuit institution;
1624 Non-Catholic priests were expelled;
630 1637-1646
and
1654-1657
Ferdinand III;
s(600); * 13/07 1608; † 02/04 1657;
See also (650); First period:
King of Bohemia from 1637;
Created King 27/11 1627;
Emperor of Germany from 1637;
King of Hungary 1637 to 1646 and 1654 to 1657;
Elected King of Hungary 26/11 1625; Crowned 27/11 1625;

Maria Anna, Archduchess; cousin to husband; * 18/08 1606; m(1) 20/02 1631; † 13/05 1646; d Philip III of Spain;
children :
  1.   Ferdinand IV of Hungary (640); * 08/09 1633; † 09/07 1654;
  2.   Mariana = Maria Anna; * 22/12 or 24/12 1634; † 16/05 1696;
   m 07/10 or 08/11 1649 King Philip IV of Spain, * 08/04 1605; † 17/09 1665; He was her uncle through mother;
  3.   Philipp August, Archduke of Austria; * 15/07 1637, † 22/06 1637 or 1639;
  4.   Maximilian Thomas, Archduke of Austria; * 21/12 1638, † 29/06 1639;
  5.   Leopold I (660) (German 054); * 06 or 09/06 1640, † 05/05 1705;
  6.   Maria; * 13/05 1646; † 13/05 1646;

Marie Leopoldine, Archduchess of Austria; * 1632; m(2) 02/07 1648, they were cousins through fathers; † 07/08 1649;
d Archduke Leopold V of Austria;
child :
  7.   Karl Joseph; Archduke of Austria and Bishop of Olmütz and Breslau; * 07/08 1649; † 27/01 1664;
   He was Grand Master of Teutonic Knights from 1662;

Eleonora Gonzaga; * 18/11 1630; m(3) 30/04 1651; † 06/12 1686; d Duke Charles IV Gonzaga of Rethel;
children :
  8.   Theresia Maria Josefa; * 27/03 1652; † 26/07 1653;
  9.   Eleonore Maria Josefa; * 21/05 1653; † 17/12 1697;
   m(1) 27/02 1670 King Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki of Poland; * 18/06 1640; † 10/11 1673;
   m(2) 06/02 1678 Duke Charles V of Lorraine; * 1643; † 18/04 1690;
10.   Maria Anna Josefa; * 20/12 or 30/12 1654; † 04/04 1689;
   m 25/10 1678 Pfalzgraf Johann Wilhelm of Neuburg; * 1658; † 08/06 1716;
11.   Ferdinand Josef Alois; * 11/02 1657; † 16/06 1658;

1648 The Swedes occupied Prague's Castle and the 30-years War ended;
640 1646-1654 Ferdinand IV Franz;
s(630); * 08/09 1633; † 09/07 1654, died of smallpox;
King of Bohemia from 05/08 1646;
King of Hungary (Hung. 420) from 16/06 1647;
King of Germany (Germany 053a) from 24/5 1653, crowned in Regensburg;

1648 Bohemia was incorporated into the Habsburg Empire. The independent kingdom expired as a result of the Westphalia Peace;
650 1654-1657 Ferdinand III;
s(600); * 13/07 1608; † 02/04 1657;
See also (630) for family; Second period:
King of Bohemia from 1637;
Emperor of Germany from 1637;
King of Hungary 1637 to 1646 and 1654 to 1657;
660 1657-1705 Leopold I;
s(630); * 06/06 or 09/06 1640; † 05/05 1705;
King of Bohemia from 1656;
Crowned or created 14/09 1656;
King of Hungary 27/06 1655 as Lipot I;
Crowned Hungary 27/06 1655;
Emperor of Germany (054) from 1657 or 18/7 1658;
Crowned 01/08 1658;

Margareta Maria Theresa; * 12/07 1651; m(1) 05/12 1666; † 12/03 1673; d King Philp IV of Spain;
children :
1.   Ferdinand Wenzel; * 28/09 1667; † 13/01 1668;
2.   Maria Antonia; * 18/01 1669; † 24/12 1692;
   m 15/07 1685 Elector of Bavaria Max Emanuel II; 1662-1726;
3.   Johann Leopold; * 20/02 1670; † 20/02 1670;
4.   Maria Anna; * 09/02 1672; † 23/02 1672;

Claudia Felicitas of Tyrol = Archduchess Klaudia Felizitas of Austria; * 30/05 1653; m(2) 15/10 1673; † 08/04 1676;
children :
5.   Anna Maria; * 11/09 1674; † 21/12 1674;
6.   Maria Josepha Klementine; * 11/10 1675; † 11/07 1676;

Eleonora Magdalena of Pfalz Neuberg; * 06/01 1655; m(3) 14/12 1676; † 19/01 1720;
children :
  7.   Joseph I; (670) + (Germany055); * 26/07 1678; † 17/04 1711;
  8.   Christina; * 18/06 1679; † 18/06 1679;
  9.   Maria Elisabeth; * 13/12 1680; † 26/08 1741;
   Regent or Statholder in the Netherlands;
10.   Leopold Joseph; * 02/06 1682; † 03/08 1684;
11.   Maria Anna; * 07/09 1683; † 14/08 1754;
   m 27/10 1708 King John V of Portugal; * 22/10 1689; † 31/07 1750;
12.   Maria Theresa; * 22/08 1684; † 28/09 1696;
13.   Charles VI; (680) + (Germany056); * 01/10 1685; † 20/10 1740;
14.   Maria Josefa; * 16/03 1687; † 14/04 1703;
15.   Maria Magdalena; * 26/03 1689; † 01/05 1743;
16.   Maria Margaretha; * 22/07 1690; † 22/04 1691;
670 1705-1711 Joseph I;
s(660); * 26/07 1678; † 17/04 1711, died of smallpox;
King of Hungary from 09/12 1687 as Jozsef I;
King of Bohemia from 05/05 1705;
Roman King from 24/01 1690;
Emperor of Germany from 05/05 1705 (Germ.055);

Amalia, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg; * 26/04 1673, m 24/02 1699, † 10/04 1742;
children :
1.   Maria Josepha, * 08/12 1699, † 17/11 1757;
     m 20/08 1718 or 1719 King Frederick Augustus of Poland, Elector of Saxony; * 17/10 1696; † 05/10 1763;
2.   Leopold Joseph, * 29/10 1700, † 04/08 1701;
3.   Maria Amalia, * 22/10 1701, † 11/12 1758;
   m 05/100 1722 Elector Charles VII of Bavaria, (Bavaria 940) + (Germ.057); * 06/08 1697; † 20/01 1745;
680 1711-1740 Karl VI = Charles VI;
s(660); * 01/10 1685; † 20/10 1740;
Holy Roman Emperor and King of Germany (Germ.056) from 12/10 1711;
King of Hungary from 22/5 1712 to 1740 as Karoly III;
King of Bohemia from 17/04 1711 to 1740;
King of Croatia & Slavonia from 1711 to 1740;
King of Sardinia from 1713 to 1720;
King of Sicily from 1713 to 1714;
King of Naples from 1713-1735;
Archduke of Austria from 1711 to 1740;
Duke of Guastalla from 1735 to 1740;
Duke of Parma from 1735 to 1740;
Count of Barcelona from 1705 to 1714; the last count;

Elisabeth-Christine; * 28/08 1691; m 23/04 1708; † 21/12 1750;
d Duke Louis Rudolph of Braunschweig-Lüneburg;
children :
1.   Leopold John; * 12/4 or 13/04 1716; † 04/11 or 14/11 1716;
2.   Maria Theresa (690); * 13/5 1717; † 29/11 1780;
3.   Maria Anna; * 14/09 1718; † 16/12 1744;
     m 1744 Duke Charles Alexander of Lorraine; * 12/12 1712; † 04/07 1780;
   He was a brother to Francis I;
4.   Maria Amalia; * 05/04 1724; † 04/07 1730;
690 1740-1780 Maria Theresia;
d(680); * 13/05 1717; † 29/11 1780;
Queen of Bohemia from 1740;
Crowned in Prague 1743;

Francis I Stephen (Germ.058);
children :
  4.   Joseph II, (059), * 13/3 1741, † 20/2 1790;
  9.   Leopold II, (060), * 5/5 1747, † 1/3 1792;
For the rest of the 16 children - see under Germany;

1741 King Frederick II of Prussia invaded Bohemia, and Silecia became a part of Prussia;
1749 The indivisibility of the Habsburger Empire approved by the Bohemian Diet. The Bohemian crown became history;
1770-1771 A famine killed 10 % of the population;
1773 The Jesuit Order was dissolved;
700 1780-1790 Joseph II Benedikt August Johann Anton Michael Adam;
s(690); * 13/03 1741; † 20/02 1790;
Roman King from 27/03 1764;
Emperor of Germany from 18/08 1765 (Germ.059);
King of Hungary from 29/11 1780 as Jozsef II; never crowned;
King of Bohemia from 29/11 1780;
Archduke of Austria from 1780;

Isabella of Parma, * 31/12 1741, m(1) proxy 07/09 1760; person 06/10 1760; † 27/11 1763;
children :
1.   Maria Theresa Elisabeth, * 20/03 1762, † 23/01 1770;
2.   Marie Christine, * 22/11 1763, † 22/11 1763;

Maria Josefa of Bavaria, * 30/03 1739, m(2) proxy 13/01 1765; person 23/01 1765; † 28/05 1767;
d Karl Albrecht (Bav.940);
no children;

1781 Patent of toleration for diverse Protestant congregations;
1782 The monasteries and convents of Prague are dissolved;
710 1790-1792 Leopold II;
s(690); * 05/05 1747; † 01/03 1792;
King of Bohemia from 1790;
Emperor of Germany (Germ.058) from 20/02 or 30/9 1790;
Grand Duke or Duke of Tuscany 18/8 1765-1790 - See the Medici chronology;
King of Bohemia from 1790;
King of Hungary from 1790 as Lipot;
For the rest of the family: see under Germany;

Maria Luisa de Bourbon of Spain, * 24/11 1745, m 05/08 1765, † 15/05 1792; d Charles III of Spain;
child :
2.   Francis II, (Boh.720) + (Germ.061)* 12/02 1768, † 02/03 1835;
720 1792-1835 Frantisek I = Franz II Joseph Karl = Franz I of Austria;
s(710); * 12/02 1768; † 02/03 1835;
King of Bohemia from 1792 as Frantisek;
Emperor of Germany (Germ.061) from 05/07 1792;
Abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor 06/08 1806;
Emperor of Austria as Francis I from 1806;
King of Hungary from 1792 as Ferenc;

See the whole family under Germany;
Elisabeth of Württemburg, * 21/04 1767, m(1) 06/01 1788, † 18/02 1790;

Maria Theresa of Naples, * 06/06 1772, m(2) proxy 15/08 1790, person 19/09 1790; † 13/04 1807; d Ferdinand I (Nap. N38-1);
child :
3.   Ferdinand I, (730) + (Germ.163); * 19/04 1793, † 29/06 1875;
10.   Franz Karl, * 07/12 1802; † 08/03 1878;
     m 04/11 1824 Sophie of Bavaria; * 27/01 1805; † 28/05 1872;
     they got:
     a) Franz Joseph Karl, (740) + (Germ.165); * 18/08 1830; † 21/11 1916;
     b) Ferdinand Maximilian, Emperor of Brazil; * 06/07 1832; † 19/06 1867;

-     c) Karl Ludwig; * 30/07 1833; † 19/05 1896;
-       m(1) 04/11 1856 Princess Margarethe of Saxony; * 24/05 1840; † 15/09 1858;
-       m(2) proxy 16/10 1862 Princess Maria Annunciata of Two Sicilies; * 24/03 1843 † 04/05 1871;
-       they got:
-       i) Franz Ferdinand; * 18/12 1863; † 28/06 1914 assassinated;
-       ii) Otto Franz Joseph; * 21/04 1865; † 01/11 1906;
-       m 02/10 1886 Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony; * 31/05 1867; † 28/05 1944;
-       they got:
-       Karl I Franz (750); * 17/08 1887; † 01/04 1922;

     d) Maria Anna; * 27/10 1835; † 05/02 1840;
     e) Ludwig Viktor; * 15/05 1842; † 18/01 1919;

Ludovica of Austria-Este, * 14/12 1787, m(3) 06/01 1808, † 07/04 1816;

Karoline Augusta or Charlotte Auguste, * 08/02 1792, m(4) proxy 29/10 1816, person 10/11 1816; † 09/02 1873;
d Maximilian IV of Bavaria;
730 1835-1848 Ferdinand Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marcelin;
s(720); * 19/04 1793; † 29/06 1875;
King of Bohemia from 1835 to 02/12 1848; abdicated;
Crowned 07/09 1836;
Emperor of Austria (Germ.163) from 1835; abdicated 02/12 1848;
King of Hungary from 1835 as Ferdinand V; Created 28/09 1830;

Maria Anna of Savoy; * 19/09 1803, m 27/02 1831, † 04/05 1884;
no children ;

1848 Serfdom officially ended;
740 1848-1916 Franz Joseph Karl;
s(720-10-a); * 18/08 1830; † 21/11 1916;
King of Bohemia from 1848;
Emperor of Austria (Germ.165) from 1848;
King of Hungary from 08/06 1867;

Elisabeth of Bavaria; * 24/12 1837; m 24/04 1854; † 10/09 1898;
children :
1.   Sophie Friederike Dorothea Maria Josepha; * 05/03 1855; † 29/05 1857;
2.   Gisela Louise Marie; * 12/07 1856; † 27/07 1932;
     m 20/04 1873 or 1875 Prince Leopold of Bavaria; * 09/02 1846; † 28/09 1930;
3.   Rudolf; * 21/08 1858; † 30/01 1889;
Austrian Crown Prince, committed suicide;
     m 1881 Stephanie of Belgium, 1864-1945; they got:
     a) Elisabeth, 1883-1963, who
     m(1) Prince Otto zu Windischgrätz, 1873-1952; divorced 1902;
     m(2) 1948 Leopold Petzneck, 1881-1956;
4.   Marie Valerie; * 22/4 1868; † 6/9 1924;
     m 31/07 1890 Archduke Franz Salvator; * 21/08 1866; † 20/04 1939;

1861 Bohemian Diet decided on a program for reinstating the Bohemian monarchy;
750 1916-1918 Karl I Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria;
s(720-10-c-ii); * 17/08 1887; † 01/04 1922 Funchal, Madeira;
King of Bohemia from 1916;
Emperor of Austria from 1916;
King of Hungary from 1916 as Karoly IV;

Zita of Bourbon-Parma; * 09/05 1892; m 21/10 1911; † 14/03 1989;
8 children ;

31/10 1918 Dissolution of the Austria-Hungary Empire;



Opdateret d. 6.5.2012
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