Kings and Queens of Denmark

Updated 13 April 2014.

Abbreviations used:
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
ss = grandson of, † = died; ‡ = buried.
Colour of English / British kings: blue; and Danish: red.
 
No. Born Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations

Legendary Kings


Legendary kings have their own reference list here.

Regner was placed here earlier and for possible existing links his post remains here as a doubling.

**** - 820-870 c. Regner Lodbrog.
Father may have been Sigurd Ring, whose father was the Norwegian king Sigurd killed by the Swedish king Frø;
Regner may have had a brother Harald;

Lathgertha, Norwegian; m(1):
children :
1.   Son active 850-880;
2.   Aaluf, daughter;
3.   Daughter;

Thora; d Swedish king Heroth; m(2):
children :
4.-9.   Six sons;

Svanlogha; m(3);
children :
10-12.   Three sons;

The children's distribution amongst the morthers are unknown.
The sons' names were:
Bjørn Jernside, king in Sweden c.851-862;
Ubbe, active 855;
Hvitsærk, defeated and burnt at the stake or by arson;
Iver Benløs, Danish king, † 873 c.;
Sigurd Orm i Øje, ruled in Denmark after Regner;
Agner, ruled in England;
Sigfred;
Halfdan, active 871-875;
Sydroe;
Berno;

A somewhat different line for Regner is stated in Danish Legendary Kings here;

Historical Kings


-03 - 880-940
or
890-950
Gorm den Gamle.

Thyra Danebod; d king Ethelred of Wessex or
    d of vice-king Harald Klak;
children :
1.   Harald Gormsen Blåtand (-02);
2.   Knud Danaast; † 940 in Ireland;
3.   Gunhild Gormsdatter,
   m Erik Blodøkse, King of Norway 900-935 They got children.
-02 911 950-986
950-987
Harald Blåtand = Harald Bluetooth.
s(-03); † 985 to 987; mortally wounded at Helgenæs;
Co-ruler from 929;
King of Denmark from 940c.
King of Norway from 960;

Thora; m(1); d of relatives to King Hakon Adelsteen of Norway;
child :
1.   Hakon; became king of Semland in East Prussia and Litvania;

Gunhild; m(2), d Wendian King / Prince Mistivoj; or
     d viceroy Svend Langfod;
children :
2.   Svend Tveskæg; (-01);
3.   Hring = Hryngr; King of Northumberland from 949; † 950;
4.   Gunild = Gunhild;
   m Earl Paleigh in England, both killed 13/11 1002 in the massacre;
5.   Tyra;
     m(1) Prince Styrbjørn - s King Oluf II of Sweden (Sw-00w);
     (m2) Boleslav = Burislaw of Poland / Wendland, brother to queen Gunhild;
     (m3) Olav Trygvesen (Nor.006);
3.   Gyde;
   m Eirik Jarl af Romerike and Hedmark in Norway;

Gyrithe; m(3); d King Oluf II of Sweden;

According to [9957] p.16f, Harald's first wife should be Gunhild and the second wife should be Tove - daughter of Mistive = Mistivoj, ruler of the Wendland Obotrites.
According to [9951] Table XLV, Harald married Oluf II of Sweden's 2nd wife, Audur, and later 3rd wife, Gunild.
According to [10417] p.35, a son Bjørn was brought up in the Godwin, Earl of Wessex, family and murdered by Godwin's eldest son, Sweyn.
-01 968? 985-1014 Svend Tveskæg = Svein Forkbeard.
s(-02); * c. 960; † 03/02 1014; ‡ Roskilde;
King of Denmark from 985.
King of England from 25/12 1013;
09/09 1000 - Battle at Svolder Ø = Greifswalder-Oie; Svend versus Olav Trygvesen; The position of Svold is unsure;
13/11 1002 - Æthelred massacred Danes in England.

Gunhild af Polen; m(1); d Mieczyslaw = Mieszco of Poland / Wendland, 964-992;
Gunhild's brother, Pallig, raided south coast of England and caused the massacre of all Danes in England on St. Brice's Day, the 13 November in 1002; presumably ordered by Ethelred the Unready;
children :
1.   Harald II or III; (000);
2.   Knud den Store; (001);
3.   Thyra;
   m Wendian Vortigern;
   they got:
    a) Gunild who m Earl Hakon Eriksen of Norway;

Sigrid Storråde = Swietoslawa = Gunhild; * c. 970; † after 02/02 1014; m(2) 998;
she was widow after King Erik Segersäll, † 995;
children :
4.   Estrith Margrethe = Estrid;
   m(1) Ulf Jarl, † 1027 in Roskilde Cathedral;
     Ulf was b to Gytha, Godwin's wife, see England (004);
   They got:
     a) Svend II Estridsen (104);
     b) Asbjørn Jarl;
     he got:
       i) Margrethe; (105);

   m(2) 1023 Robert I of Normandy;
[10648 p.411]

5.   Thyra Sveinsdatter;
   m Godwin of Essex, -1053, his first marriage;
6.   Gyda, mother unknown;
   m Earl Erik Hakonsson of Norway (Nor.007) and from 1015 Earl of Northumberland;

The legends mix up Queen Gunhild and Sigrid Storråde and the existence of Sigrid Storråde is challenged [9957 p.20]
000 996 1014-1018
or
1014-1019
Harald Svensson = Harald II or Harald III;
s(-01);
He got a son Harald? who was killed 1042 when returning from Rome.
001
101
994 or
995
1016-1035
1019-1035
Canut =Cnut the Great = Knud den Store = Gammelknud.
s (-01); * 994 or 995; † 12/11 1035 in Shaftesbury, ‡ Winchester.
King of Mercia and Danelaw from 1014 and the whole of England after Edmund's death 30/11 1016;
King of Denmark from 1019; brother-in-law Ulf was regent to 1026;
King's son Harthaknud was regent in Denmark from 1028;
King of Norway from 1028; placed wife Ælfgifu and son Svend as regents from 1028;
Knud participated in Rome in Emperor Konrad II's crowning 26/3 1027;

Ælgifu = Elgiva = Alfifa; m(1); † after 1052; d Earl or ealdorman Alfhelm of Northumberland / Deira.
She was a widow after Earl Uthfried of Northumberland.
The couple was married by handfast. Children accepted in line.
children :
1.   Svend = Sweyn = Svend Alfifasen; * 1015 - 1016; † 1035; Norwegian viceroy,
2.   Harald Harefoot (002);

Emma; m(2) 1017; † 06/03 1052; ‡ Winchester;
Widow of English Ethelred II;
d of Duke Richard I of Normandy;
children :
3.   Hardicanute = Harthacnut (102);
4.   Gunhilda = Kunigunde; * c.1020; † 1038;
   m 1036 Henry III of Germany; † 1038.
002 1015c 1035-1040 Harald Harefoot = Harald Harefod;
s(101) + Ælgifu; * c. 1012-1016; † 17/03 1040 at Oxford; ‡ St. Clemens Danes Church, London;
Later Harthaknud beheaded the body and throwed it into the Thames Marshes;
Co-ruler with Harthacnut to 1037;
King of North England from 1035 or 1037;

Died a bachelor;
Had an illegitimate son, Ælfwine, who became a monk;
003/
102
1017/
1020
1035-1042 Harthacnut / Hardeknud;
s(101) + Emma who fled into exile in Flanders in 1037; * 1018-1020;
† 08/06 1042 during a wedding far from sober. ‡ Winchester.
Rule South England by mother to 1037;
King of Denmark from 1035;
King of England from 17/03 1040; Danish possessions in England were lost;
Died a bachelor. His halfbrother was Edward the Confessor;
103 1024 1042-1047 Magnus den Gode;
s Olaf of Norway. † 25/10 1047. ‡ Trondheim.
He was exiled in Novgorod to 1035; [10648 p.415]
King of Norway from 1035 or 1036 (Nor.010);
King of Denmark from 1042;
Won the battle of Lyrskov Hede 1043;
No knowledge of marriage. He was followed as Norwegian King by his uncle Harald Hårderåde (1015-1066);
104 1019c 1047-1074 Svend II Estridsøn = Svend Estridsen = Svend den Store = Svend Estrithsen = Svend Magnus Ulfsøn;
s Ulf Jarl and Svend Tveskæg's daughter, Estrid (-01.4); b to Asbjørn Jarl (see 105);
* 1019c; † 28/04 1074 / 1076 at Søderup Jutland; ‡ Roskilde Trefoldighedskirke St. Lucii.
Viceroy in Denmark from 1042;
King of Denmark from 1047;
He met Emperor Henrik III at Easter time 1053;

Gunhild; † Sep. 1054 / 1055; m(1) annulled (closely related, Gunhild's great-grandmother was Svend's grandmother);
d Hakon Hlade Jarl's son and widow after Anund Jakob of Sweden (Sw003);
child :
1.   Svend; Crusader; † 1097;

Gyde = Gyda = Jutta m(2); stepdaughter of queen Gunhild and d of Anund Jacob of Sweden;
no children ;

Thora m(3) m 1068; unsure of origin, was a mistress and mother to Harald Hårderåde's sons;
no children.

Ellisif m(4); usure of origin, may have been mistress;
no children ;

19 illegitimate children, amongst were:
  2.   Harald Hen = Harald Hein (105);
  3.   Knud den Hellige; (106);
  4.   Oluf Hunger (107);
  5.   Erik Ejegod (108);
  6.   Ubbe; declined his election to king 1104;
  7.   Benedict; killed 1086 with brother Knud;
  8.   Biørn = Bjørn; became Duke of Nordalbingien from 1099; † 1100;
  9.   Niels; (109);
10.   Sigrid; (104a);
   m Gotskalk of Wenden, an Obotrite ruler; † 1066;
     they got a son; [10648 p.417ff]
11.   Ingrid;
   m Olaf III of Norway (Nor.012);
12.   Sven; † 1104;
     he got:
     a) Henrik Skadelaar, † 1134, who
      m Ingerid Ragnvaldsdatter;
       they got:
       i) Buris;
       ii) Knud, Duke of Sønderjylland, † 1162;
       iii) Magnus, † 1161,
       m Brigida; he was pretender to throne of Sweden;
13.   son sent to Papacy in Rome, died en route [10648 p.421];
104a - - Sigrid;
d(104);

Gotskalk of Wenden, an Obotrite ruler; † 1066; his m(2); his first m was to Polish Symbulla;
Ruler of the Wendland state from 1032;
child :
1.   Henrik; ruler of Wendland from 1105 under the Saxon Duke Magnus; his children and grandchildren became earls of Lolland;

Mother unknown;
2.   Buthue; † 1071; ruler of Wendland from 1066;
Through his son Niclot and grandson Pribislaw II of Wendland og greatgrandson Henrik Borwin, † 1228, who became ruler of Wendland or Mecklenburg from 1180 and married Duke Henrik Løve's daughter he became founder of the Mecklenburgian dynasty.
105 1041c 1074-1080 Harald III Hen;
s(104) illegitimate; * 1040 / 1041; † 17/04 1080; ‡ Dalby Church Skåne;
King of Denmark from 1074 or 1076;

Margrethe; cousin, d Asbjørn Jarl (-01.4.b);
child :
1.   Daughter;
   m Skialm Hvide;
   they got:
     a) Asker Røg of Fjenneslev, † 1154;
     Asker got:
      i) Esbern Snare, † 1204; and
      ii) Absalon, * 1128, † 1201, bishop Roskilde from 1158; Archbishop Lund from 1178;
106 1043 1080-1086 Knud II Hellige = Knud IV Hellige;
s(104) illegitimate; † 10/07 1086; ‡ Odense Albani / Skt. Knud Cathedral; canonization 19/04 1101.

Edel of Flandern = Adele; m 1082; † 1115; d Robert Friser, -1093.
She m(2) 1092 Duke Roger I of Sicily = Roger Borsa or Robert Bursa;
children :
1.   Karl = Carl Danske; * 1084; † 1127; Duke of Flanders;
   travelled with his mother to Flanders after father's murder.
2.   Ingrid = Ingegerd = Inger;
   m Folke den Tykke = Folke the Fat, founder of Folkungen line;
3.   Cecilie;
   m Jarl Erik of Gotland, Earl of Falster;
     they got:
     a) Carl, from c. 1152 Earl of Halland,
     m d of archbishop Eskil;
     they got:
       i) Carl;
       ii) Knud;
107 1052 1086-1095 Oluf I Hunger;
s(104); * 1052; † 18/08 1095. Illegitimate s of Svend Estridsen (104);
Duke of Sønderjylland from 1052;
King of Denmark from 1086;

Ingeberd = Ingegerd; d Harald III Hårderåde, Norway;
     She remarried Philip of Sweden;
children :
1.   Magnus; † 1090;
2.   Sven; † 1097;
108 1056 1095-1103 Erik I Ejegod;
s(104) illegitimate; * 1056; † 10/07 1103 on pilgrimage; ‡ Paphos, Cypern.
King of Denmark from 1095;

Bodil = Bothilde; † 1103; ‡ Josafats Valley near Mount of Olives, Palestine;
d Earl Thorgaard Fagrskinna;
children :
1.   Knud Lavard, Duke South Jutland; * 12/03 1096/1091; † 07/01 1131;
killed in Haraldsted Skov by relatives; ‡ Skt. Bendts in Ringsted.
Promoted to King of the Obotrites by Emperor Lothar III;
   m 1116 or 1118 Ingeborg d of Grossfürst Mstislaw I of Kiev-Novgorod, † 1132,
   they got:
      a) Valdemar den Store (114);
      b) Margrethe;
      m Stig Hvita (Nor.015);
      c) Malmfred;
      d) Cathrine;
      m Prislaw of the Obotrites (M001-3);

Illegitimate children :
2.   Harald Kesja; * 1080; † 1135; killed by relatives;
   m Ragnhild of Norway (No. 014-7);
     they got:
     a) Bjørn Jernside, † 1134;
     m Cathrine, d of Inge I of Sweden;
3.   Erik Emune (110);
4.   Ragnhild;
   m Hakon Jyde;
   they got Erik Lam (111).
109 1064 1104-1134 Niels;
s(104) illegitimate; † 25/06 1134 murdered; ‡ Schleswig Cathedral.

Margrethe Fredkulla of Sweden; m(1) 1103 or 1105 (her 2nd m); † before c.1130; ‡ Roskilde; d Inge I of Sweden (Sw007);
children :
1.   Inge;
2.   Magnus Nielsen = Magnus Nielson; 1106-1134, elected Swedish king (Sw-011) on Gotland from 1129;
     m Polish Princess Richiza Swentoslawa, 1106-, d king Boleslaw III Krzywousty of Poland, 1085-1139.
     they got:
     a) Knud Magnussen; (113);

Ulfhild, † c. 1130; m(2); widow after Swedish King Inge II den yngre (Sw010); her second m;
no children.
110 1090 1134-1137 Erik II Emune;
s(108); † 18/09 1137;

Malmfred of Kiev-Novgorod; m(1) 1132; d Count Mistislav I of Russia, Grand Duke of Kiev;
Her second marriage, her first was to Sigurd I (Nor.016);
Her mother was sister to Margrethe Fredkulla (see 109);
no children ;

Ingegerd; m(2);
no children ;

Illegitimate child with mistress Thunna:
1.   Svend III Grathe (112);
111 1100 1137-1146 Erik III Lam;
ss(108), s Ragnhild and Hakon Jyde; † 27/08 1146; ‡ Skt. Knud Cathedral, Odense.

Lutgard; † 1152; d Rudolph of Salzwedel; m 1144;

legitimate or illegitimate child :
1.   Magnus;
112 1127c 1146-1157 Svend III Grathe;
s(110); † 23/10 1157; ‡ Anonymous in the inner part of Jutland.
Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa presented Svend with Denmark as a fief at the Diet at Merseburg 1152.

Edel = Adelheid; † 1211; d Conrad of Wettin;
another source claims: d Margrave Otto the Rich of Meissen;
She remarried m(2) 1187; divorced 1198;
child :
1.   Luccardis; † 1188;
   m and divorced Berthold II of Istrien;
113 1128 1146-1157 Knud III;
s(109-2); † 09/08 1157; Knud is also called No. V by some sources;
co-ruler with (112);
According to [9978 p.51] Knud III/V's mother was Salome of Berg-Schelklingen by Ulm, Germany;

Sophie of Sweden, † before 1172; m 1156; d Sverker I the Elder (Sw 012);
no children ;

Illegitimate children :
1.   Niels; † 1180; the Saint of Aarhus;
2.   Knud;
3.   Valdemar Knudsen, * 1157, bishop of Schleswig 1188, † 1236;
4.   Jutta,
   m Duke Bernhard of Saxony;
5.   Hildegard,
   m Duke Jarimar of Rügen;
6.   Ingerd,
   m Duke Casimir II of Pomerania - Demmin;
7.   Daughter,
   m Duke Bugislaw III of Schlave.
114 1131 1157-1182 Valdemar I den Store;
ss(108) through Duke Knud Lavard; * 14/01 1131; † 12/05 1182; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted;

Sofie of Minsk - Novgorod; * 1140; m 23/10 1157; † 1198; d Volodar of Minsk;
Widowed 1182 and remarried 1184 Ludwig of Thüringen, divorced 1187 and returned to Denmark; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted;
children :
1.   Knud IV (115); * 1163; † 1202;
2.   Regitze = Richiza; † 1216 or 1220;
     m 1210 King Erik X Knutsson of Sweden (Sw018);
3.   Valdemar II Sejr (116); * 21/6 1170c,
4.   Sofie = Sophia; * 1150; † c. 1208;
   m 1181 Siegfried III of Weimar-Orlamünde, * c. 1155; † 1206; s Count Hermann I;
5.   Ingeborg * 1175c, † 1237;
     m 1193 Philip II of France;
6.   Helene;
   m 1202 Wilhelm der Dicke of Lüneburg; they got
      a) Otto das Kind, Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg, 1204-1252;
7+8.   2 daughters becoming nuns.

Illegitimate child with Tove :
9.   Christoffer; * 1150; † 1173.
Kristoffer was placed as governor or royal representative for The South of Jutland. He was succeeded by the Bishop Frederik of Slesvig to 1179, but was never formally appointed.
115 1163 1182-1202 Knud IV;
if the two kings called Hardeknud are included, he becomes Knud VI (as HiTo 2/2006 does);
s(114); † 12/11 1202; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted.

Gertrud of Sachsen; * 1154 † 01/07 1197; ‡ Væ, Skåne; her m(2) 1177;
She was matched with the king in 1171;
d Henry Lion of Sachsen;
her 1st m was Duke Friedrich of Schwaben † 1167.
no children.
116 1170 1202-1241 Valdemar II Sejr;
s(114); * 21/06 1170; † 28/03 1241; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted.
Titular Duke of Denmark as governor for South Jutland with residence in Slesvig from 1182,
as he was under age his cousin, Bishop Valdemar of Slesvig became his guardian.
From 1187 Valdemar II ruled in his own name.
King of Denmark from 1202;

Dagmar of Bohemia = Margrethe Dragomir; * 1189c; m (1) 1205; † 24/5 1212 or 1213; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted;
daughter of King Premysl I Otokar / Ottokar of Bohemia;
children :
1.   Valdemar = Valdemar III den Unge, 1209; † 28/11 1231;
     medkonge med fader fra 24/06 1218;
     m 24/06 1229 Eleanor of Portugal 1211; † 28/08 1231;
     they got:
     a) child, died when six months; mother died in childbirth;
2.   Abel (118), 1218-1252

Bengerd of Portugal = Berengaria = Berngerd; d king Sancho I;
m(2) 1214; † 27/3 1221 when giving birth; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted;
children :
3.   Erik IV Plovpenning (117),
4.   Christoffer I (119),
5.   Sofie, † 1247;
     m Johan I of Brandenburg † 1266.
6.   Niels of Halland; † 1218;
     m 1218 Oda of Schwerin;
7.   Knud of Blekinge; * 1205; † 1260;
117 1216 1241-1250 Erik IV Plovpenning;
s(116); † 10/08 1250, murdered Schlien; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted.

Jutta of Saxony; * 1223c; m 1237 or 1239;
After Erik's death she re-m(2) Burchard of Rosenburg;
children :
1.   Sofie; † 1286;
   m King Valdemar I of Sweden (Sw022), after her sister Jutta's death;
2.   Ingeborg; † 1287;
   m Magnus VI Lagabøter of Norway (Nor.030);
3.   Agnes; † 1290;
4.   Jutta; * 1244; † 1284;
   m King Valdemar I of Sweden (Sw022);
118 1218 1250-1252 Abel;
s(116); † 29/06 1252; ‡ Schleswig Cathedral, later his body was disposed of in a lake on suspicion of being a visiting ghost.

Mechtilde of Holstein; d Count Adolf IV of Holstein; she m(1) 25/4 1237;
she was m(2) to Birger Jarl, regent of Sweden 1250-1266;
children :
1.   Valdemar III, Duke of Sønderjylland from 1238; * 1238; † 1257;
2.   Erik I, Duke of Sønderjylland from 1260; † 1272;
   m Margrethe of Rügen, and they got
    2a Duke Valdemar IV, from 1283; † 1312;
    m(1) Elisabeth of Saxony-Lauenburg;
      they got
      2aa Duke Erik II, † 1325;
      m Adelheid of Holstein-Rendsburg;
      they got:
      2aaa Duke Valdemar V, 1315-1364,
      he became King Valdemar III (123);
      2aab Helvig; † c. 1374;
      m Valdemar Atterdag;
      2ab Erik; † 1332;
      m Elisabeth of Holstein;
      2ac Otto;
    m(2) Anastasia of Schwerin;
    2b Erik II Langeben of Langeland;
      m Sofie of Rosenborg;
3.   Abel; * 1252; † 1279;
   m Mechtilde of Schwerin;
119 1219 1252-1259 Christoffer I;
s(116); † 29/05 1259; ‡ Ribe Cathedral.

Margrethe Sambiria of Pommerania = Margaretha Sambiria; = Margrethe Sprænghest = Sorte Grethe;
d. of Duke Sambor II of Pommerania; she was * 1230c;
m 1248; regent for Erik (120) until he came of age;
† dec. 1282; ‡ Bad Doberan in the church of the Cistercian monastery.
children :
1.   Mathilde = Mechthilde, † 1299/1300;
     m 1271 Albrecht III markgraf von Brandenburg;
2.   Margrethe † 1306;
     m 1276 Count Johann II of Segeberg of Holstein-Kiel, † 1321;
3.   Erik V Klipping (120);
4.   Valdemar; † 1259;
5.   Niels.
120 1249 1259-1286 Erik V Klipping;
s(119); † 22/11 1286; murdered in Finnerup Lade; ‡ Viborg Cathedral.

Agnes of Brandeburg; * 1258; † 1304; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted; m 1273; d Gerhard of Itzehoe;
she re-m(2) in 1293 to count Gerhard the Blind to Holstein † 1312;
children :
1.   Erik VI Menved (121),
2.   Christoffer II (122),
3.   Valdemar, † 1304, ‡ Sorø;
4.   Margrethe, † 1341;
     m 1298 Birger of Norway (Nor.024);
5.   Richiza = Regitze,
     m Nikolaus II of Werle in Mecklenburg, † 1316; Regitze and Nikolaus got
5a: Sophie of Werle who
   m Gerhard III of Holstein = Den Kullede Greve, † 1340, killed in Randers by Niels Ebbesøn; ‡ Itzehoe;
     Sophie got
5aa: Jernhenrik = Henrik II Den Jernhårde of Holstein; * c. 1317; † 1381 or 1412;
     m Ingeborg of Mecklenburg, 1340-1400, and they got
5aaa: Gert VI = Gerhard;
     m Elisabeth of Braunschweig and
     they got:
   5aaaa: Gert, † 1423;
   5aaab: Henrik, † 1427;
   5aaac: Adolf VIII 1401-1459 and
   5aaad: Hedvig, 1400-1436, who
     m Dietrich den Lykkelige of Oldenborg, † 1440; and their son became
     Christian I of Denmark (129).
6.   Kathrine; † 1283; ‡ Gråbrødre Kirke, Odense;
7.   Elizabeth; † 1283; ‡ Gråbrødre Kirke, Odense;
121 1274 1286-1319 Erik VI Menved;
s(120); † 13/11 1319; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted.

Ingeborg of Schweden; * c. 1279; † 1319; m 1296; d king Magnus III of Sweden (Sw023);
1318 she entered the convent of Skt. Clara, Roskilde; † 15/8 1319; ‡ Skt. Bendt, Ringsted;
children :
1.   Erik;
2.   Magnus;
3.   Valdemar
A total of 14 children who all died in infancy.
122 1276 1319-1326 Christoffer II;
s(120); * 29/09 1276; † 02/08 1332; ‡ Sorø Church.

Eufemia of Pommerania d Bugislaw IV of Pommerania; * 1285c; m before 1307; † 26/7 1330; ‡ Sorø Church;
children :
1.   Margrethe = Elisabeth Margrethe,
   m Duke Ludwig der Ältere von Brandenburg, 1315-1361;
2.   Erik co-king 1324-1332; † 1332;
3.   Otto,
4.   Agnes,
5.   Hedvig = Helvig,
6.   Valdemar Atterdag (124).
123 1315 1326-1330 Valdemar III; as Duke = Valdemar V
ss(118) = Abel; abdicated 1330; † 1364.
Duke of Sønderjylland from 1325 to 1326 and from 1340 to 1364;
King of Denmark from 1326;

Richardis of Schwerin;
children :
1.   Valdemar Valdemarsen; * c. 1338; † 1360;
2.   Henrik, Duke of Sønderjylland from 1364; † 1375;
   m Kunigunde;
124 1320 1340-1375 Valdemar IV Atterdag;
s(122); † 24/10 1375; ‡ Sorø Church.

Helvig of Holstein d Duke Erik II of Schleswig-Holstein; m 1340; entered convent Esrum 1355; † 1374c; ‡ Esrum Klosterkirke;
children :
1.   Christoffer, * 1341-1344; † 1363;
2.   Margrethe,
3.   Ingeborg, * 1347; † c. 1368; later Abbess at Ribnitz;
   m Heinrich III of Mecklenburg, † 1384;
     they got:
      a) Albrecht III / IV; * 1365; † 1388;
      b) Ingeborg; abbess at Ribbnitz, † 1408;
      c) Maria;
      m Wartislaw VII of Poland - Pomerania;
      they got
         i) Erik VII af Pommern (127);
         ii) Katharina, † 1416;
          m Johann of Pfalz, † 1443;
          they got:
              (128) Christoffer of Bavaria;
4.   Katrine,
5.   Valdemar,
6.   Margrethe I (126).
125 1370 1375-1387 Oluf III;
ss(124); s king Håkon VI of Norway and Margrethe (126);
* Dec 1370 Oslo; † 3/8 1387; ‡ body at Sorø Church. His intestines at Lund Cathedral;
126 1353 1387-1397 Margrethe I;
d(124); * 1353; † 28/10 1412; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral.
Regent of Denmark from 10/08 1387;
Officially promoted to: Danmarks Riges fuldmægtige frue, husbond og formynder;
Regent of Norway from 02/02 1388;
Ruled Sweden as regent from 22/03 1388 or 24/02 1389; from Oct. 1389 officially Swedish regent;
Victorious with combined army of Dk, No & Sw. in battle at Åsle over Albrecht of Mecklenburg 27/02 1389;
Ruled all three countries until 1412 having from 1397 as king for the three countries (127);

Håkon VI, King of Norway; m 09/04 1363; † 1380;
child :
1.   Oluf (125), * Dec. 1370, † 03/08 1387.
      Elected King of Denmark (rather Sjælland & Skåne) 03/05 1376;
      King of Norway 1380 when King Haakon VI died (hereditary realm);
127 1382 1397-1439 Erik VII Pommern Christened Bugislav;
dds(124); s Duke Vartislav VII of Pommerania and Maria of Mecklenburg a niece to (126); † 1459; ‡ Rügenwalde Kirche = Darlowo (being the Polish name).
Elected King of Denmark from 1397, Norway from 1389, Sweden from 1397;
Took in Sweden the name of King Erik XIII;
Came of age in 1401;
Sole regent of the three countries from 1412;
Deposed 1439;

Philippa of England; d (018); * 04/07 1394; m 26/10 1406; † 06/01 1430;
Later in life she entered the convent in Vadstena;
no children;
128 1416 1440-1448 Christoffer III Bayern = Christopher III of Bavaria;
s Pfalzgraf Johan I of Neumarkt and sister to (127); * 26/2 1416; † 5-6/1 1448; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral.
Crowned king of Sweden Aug. 1441 (Sw030);
Crowned king of Norway 02/07 1442;
Crowned king of Denmark 01/01 1443 in Ribe;

Dorothea of Brandenburg; * 1430; † 10/11 1495; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; m(1) 26/10 1445;
she m(2) 28/10 1449 to Christian I (129);
no children in m(1);
129 1426 1448-1481 Christian I of Oldenburg;
s Dietrich of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst (120-5aaad), and Hedwig = Helvig (* 1398, † 1436);
* 1426; † 21/5 1481 København Castle; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral.
King of Denmark; crowned king of Denmark 28/10 1449;
King of Norway from 1449; crowned king of Norway 1450;
Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst from 1440;
King of Sweden 1457 to 1464; crowned 23/06 1457 (Sw 032);
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1460 as Christian VIII;
Holstein became a duchy from 1474, granted by Emperor Frederick III of the HRE;
Christian's claim for the Danish crown was his being the gr-gr-gr-gr-grandson of (120);

Dorothea of Brandenburg; * 1431; † 10/11 1495; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; m 28/10 1449; her m(2), after being widowed 5/1 1448 after (128).
children :
1.   Olaf; 1450-1451;
2.   Knud; 1451-1455;
3.   Hans (130); 1455-1513;
4.   Margrethe; * 23/06 1456; † 14/07 1486 or 1487;
     m 13/07 1469 James III of Scotland;
     Orkney & Shetland Islands given as security for her dowry;
5.   Frederik I (132); * 7/10 1471; † 1533.
130 1455 1481-1513 Hans;
s(129); * 02/02 1455; † 20/02 1513; ‡ Odense Gråbrødre Kloster, from 1805 Skt. Knud;
Crowned Swedish king 26/10 1497;

Christine of Sachsen; d Duke Ernst of Sachsen; * 24/12 1461; m 06/09 1478; † 08/12 1521; ‡ Skt. Knud Cathedral, Odense.
children:
1.   Christian II (131); * 01/07 1481; † 1555;
2.   Ernst; died in infancy;
3.   Hans; * 1497; † 1511;
4.   Elizabeth; * 1485; † 1555;
     m Kurfürst Joachim I Nestor of Brandenburg, Hohenzollern dynasty, 1484-1535;
5.   Frans; 1497-1511; ‡ Gråbrødre Kloster Odense;

Mistress Edele Jernskæg;
6.   ? son ?
131 1481 1513-1523 Christian II;
s(130); * 01/07 or 02/07 1481; † 25/01 1559; ‡ Gråbrødre Kloster, Odense, from 1805 Skt. Knud Cathedral, Odense;

Isabella of Burgund = Elisabeth of Austria = Elizabeth of Habsburg;
* 18/07 1501; † 19/01 1526; ‡ 10/10 1883, moved from Zwijnaerde by Ghent to Skt. Knud Cathedral, Odense.
d archduke and king Philip I of Castilien, 1478-1506, and Juana die Wahnsinnige; Isabella was sister to Emperor Charles V of Habsburg;
She m 11/06 1514 by proxy, m 12/08 1515 to the king;
children :
1.   Hans; * 21/02 1518 † 11/08 1532;
2.   Maximilian + Philip; * 04/07 1519 died after baptism;
3.   Philip;
4.   Dorothea; * 10/11 1520 † 1580;
     m Kurfürst Friedrich II of Pfalz, -1586; no children;
5.   Christine; * 1521 † 10/12 1590;
     m(1) Duke Franz II Sforza of Milano; † 1535;
     m(2) Duke Franz of Lorraine; † 1545;
6.   Son; * 1523 † 1523.
132 1471 1523-1533 Frederik I;
s(129); * 07/10 1471; † 10/04 1533 at Gottorp Castle; ‡ Schleswig Cathedral; Duke of Gottorp until king.
Duke of parts of Schleswig-Holstein from 1490;
King of Denmark and Norway from 1523;
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1523;

Anna of Brandenburg; * 27/08 1487; m(1) 10/04 1502; † 03/05 1514; ‡ Bordesholm Convent Church, Holstein; d Johann of Brandenburg;
children :
1.   Christian III (133); * 12/08 1503;
2.   Dorothea; * 01/07 1526; † 11/04 1547;
     m Duke Albrecht I of Prussia, 1490-1568; no children.

Sophie of Pommern; * 1498; crowned 13/08 1525; † 13/05 1568; ‡ Schleswig Cathedral; m(2) 09/10 1518;
     d Duke Bugislaw X of Pomerania;
children :
3.   Hans den Ældre, Duke; * 29/06 1521; † 02/10 1580;
     no children; See Duchy of Slesvig-Holstein;
4.   Elisabeth; * 14/10 1524; † 15/10 1586;
     m(1) Duke Magnus, † 1551;
     m(2) Ulrich of Mecklenburg;
     they got:
     a) Sophie, 1557-1631 who m her cousin Frederik II;
5.   Adolf; * 25/01 1526; † 01/10 1586;
     founding father to the Gottorp dukes;
6.   Anna; * 1528; † 04/06 1535;
7.   Dorothea; * 1528; † 11/11 1575;
     m Duke Christoffer of Mecklenburg, 1537-1592;
8.   Frederik; * 1529; † 27/10 1556, became bishop of Slesvig - Lübeck, later of Hildesheim.
133 1503 1534-1559 Christian III;
s(132); * 12/08 1503; † 01/01 1559 at Koldinghus; ‡ Odense, Skt. Knud, 1578/1581 transferred to Roskilde Cathedral;
King of Denmark from 1534;
Crowned 1537;
King of Norway;
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein;

Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg; * 09/07 1511; m 1525, † 07/10 1571; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral from 1581; d Duke Magnus II of Saxe-Lauenburg;
children :
1.   Anna * 25/11 1532; † 01/10 1585;
     m 1548 August of Saxony * 1526; they got:
     15 children, 4 survived childhood;
2.   Frederik; (134) *01/07 1534;
3.   Magnus; * 26/08 1540; † 18/03 1583;
     became Duke/King of Kurland / Lifland;
     m Marie of Russia, 1560-1597;
4.   Hans den Yngre; * 25/03 1545; † 09/10 1622;
5.   Dorothea; * 29/06 1545/46; † 06/01 1617;
     m 1561 Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig-Lüneburg / Celle, 1535-1592;
     they got (at least) 7 children, one was
     Duke Georg von Braunschweig-Lüneburg, 1582-1641.
     His d with Anna-Eleanore von Hessen, Sophie-Amalie
     married King Frederik III (136).
134 1534 1559-1588 Frederik II;
s(133); * 01/07 1534; † 04/04 1588 at Antvorskov (died of excessive drinking); ‡ Roskilde Cathedral.
King of Denmark and Norway,
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein;

Sofie of Mecklenburg = Sophie von Mecklenburg; * 04/09 1557; m 20/07 1572; † 04/10 1631; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; d Frederik I's d Elisabeth and Ulrich von Mecklenburg;
children :
1.   Elisabeth; * 25/08 1573; † 19/07 1626;
     m Duke Heinrich Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, 1564-1613;
2.   Anna; * 12/12 1574; † 02/03 1619; ‡ Westminster;
     m 23/11 1589 James VI of Scotland, from 1603 also James I of England (030);
3.   Christian IV (135); * 12/04 1577;
4.   Ulrik; Duke, Bishop Schleswig & Schwerin; * 30/12 1578; † 27/03 1624;
     ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; m Catharine von Hahn;
5.   Augusta; * 08/04 1580; † 05/02 1639;
     m a cousin to her father: Duke Johan Adolf of Gottorp-Oldenburg, 1575-1616
6.   Hedvig; *05/08 1581; † 26/11 1641;
     m Christian II af Sachsen, 1583-1611;
7.   Hans; * 26/07 1583; † 28/10 1602 in Moscow; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral from 1637.
     engaged to Xenia = Axenia; * 1582 or 1591; † 30/5 1622; d Tsar Boris Fyodorovitch Godunov. Unfortunately Hans died just before the wedding;
135 1577 1588-1648 Christian IV;
s134; * 12/04 1577; king 04/04 1588; † 28/02 1648 at Rosenborg Castle; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral.
King of Denmark and Norway,
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein;
Regency council rules in his name in Denmark and Schleswig during infancy;
In Schleswig, Christian had a co-ruler, Duke Filip, s Duke Adolf, and also under minimum age. Filip died Oct 1590 and was replaced by his brother Johan Adolf;

Anna Cathrine of Brandenburg = Anna Catharine; * 26/06 1575; m 27/11 1597 at Haderslevhus; † 29/03 1612; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral. She died of malaria;
d Prince Joachim Frederik of Brandenburg;
children :
1.   Frederik; *1599; † 1599;
2.   Christian V; * 10/04 1603; † 02/06 1647;
     m 05/10 1634 (Det Store Bilager) to Magdalena Sibylla of Sachsen 1617-1668; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; no children; died of excessive drinking;
3.   Sofie; * 1605; † 1605;
4.   Elisabeth; * 16/03 1606; † 14/10 1608;
5.   Frederik III; (136) * 18/03 1609; † 09/02 1670;
6.   Ulrik; * 02/02 1611; † 12/08 1633; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral from 1642. He became a clergy man in Bremen and was assassinated.

Kirsten Munk to »left hand« 1615; * 06/07 1598 at Nørlund; m Dec 1615; † 19/04 1658; ‡ Odense Skt. Knud (un-confirmed);
From 1627 with rank of Countess of Schleswig-Holstein; from 1630 banished to Boller and Rosenvold after an affair with Count Otto Ludwig of Salm;
children :
  7.   Anna Cathrine; * 10/08 1618; † 20/08 1633 of smallpox; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
     she was engaged to Rigshovmester Frantz Rantzau, † 1632;
  8.   Sofie Elisabeth; * 20/09 1619; † 29/04 1657;
     m Count Christian Pentz, governor in Glückstadt.
  9.   Eleonora Christine; * 08/07 1621; † 16/03 1698; ‡ Maribo Cathedral; Prisoner in Blue Tower Cph. from 1663-1685.
     m Corfitz Ulfeldt, 1606-1664; they had five children;
10.   Valdemar Christian to Tåsinge; * 26/06 1622; † 26/02 1656;
   possibly engaged to Irina but never married, d Tsar Michael Fjodorovitj, but declined conversion to Orthodox faith;
11.   Elisabeth Augusta; * 28/12 1623; † 09/08 1677;
     m Hans Lindenow, * 1616; † 1659;
12.   Frederik Christian; * 1625; † 1627;
13.   Christiane; * 15/07 1626 at Haderslevhus; † 1670;
     m Hannibal Sehested, governor of Norway, * 1609; † 1666;
14.   Hedvig; * 15/07 1626; † 05/10 1678;
     m Ebbe Ulfeldt, Lord Lieutenant at Kristiansstad; † 1682;
15.   Marie Cathrine; * 1628; † 1628;
16.   Dorothea Elisabeth; * 01/09 1629 at Kronborg; † 18/03 1687; became a nun from 1646 in Cologne;
- -   Two children died during birth.

Illegitimate children with:
Kirsten Madsdatter, mistress 1610 to 1613;
17.   Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve; * 03/02 1611; † 1640 k.i.a. The King's 7th child;

Karen Andersdatter, mistress 1613 to 1616; † 1673;
18.   Dorothea Elisabeth; * 1613; † 1615;
19.   Hans Ulrik Gyldenløve; * 1615; † 1645 of excessive drinking;

Vibeke Kruse; mistress 1629 to 1648:
20.   Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve; * 07/04 1630; † 11/12 1658 of excessive drinking;
21.   Elisabeth Sofie; * 1633; † 20/01 1654.
     m 1648 Claus Ahlefeldt;

Christian IV demolished 1602 Frederiksborg Slot (originally Hillerødsholm) and rebuilt it 1602 to 1625. The Swedish plundered the castle 1659. It burned partly 1859 and was rebuilt and finished 1925.
136 1609 1648-1670 Frederik III;
* 18/3 1609; † 09/02 1670; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
King of Denmark and Norway,
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein,
Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst;

Sofie Amalie of Braunschweig-Lüneburg * 24/03 1628; m 01/10 or 18/10 1643; † 20/02 1685; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
d Duke Georg von Braunschweig-Lüneburg;
children :
1.   Christian V (137); * 15/4 1646;
2.   Anna Sofie; * 01/09 1647; † 01/07 1717;
     m Johan Georg III, Duke of Saxony, † 1691;
3.   Frederikke Amalie; * 11/04 1649; † 30/10 1704;
     m Duke Christian Albrecht of Gottorp, 1641-1694;
4.   Vilhelmine Ernestine; * 20/06 1650; † 23/04 1706;
     m Palatine - Karl of Pfalz, 1651-1685; no children;
5.   Frederik; * 11/10 1651; † 14/03 1653;
6.   Jørgen; * 21/04 1653; † 08/11 1708,
     m Anne of York (035) 28/07 1683; † 08/11 1708; ‡ Westminster;
7.   Ulrikke Eleonora; * 11/09 1656; † 26/07 1693;
     m 06/05 1680 King Karl XI of Sweden, 1655-1697 (Sw043);
8.   Dorthea Juliane; * 16/11 1657; † 15/05 1658;

Illegitimate children with :
Margrethe Pape, friherreinde of Løvendahl:
9.   Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve; * 1638; † 17/04 1704;
m(1) Sophie Urne, † 1714; they got:
     a) Carl Løvendal;
     b) Ulrich Frederik Valdemar Løvendal / Gyldenløve; who got a daughter, Charlotte Amalie Danneskiold-Samsøe who became mother to Frederikke Louise (Glück. B04); which does not correspond with (137-8);
m(2) Marie Grubbe - no children;
m(3) Antoinette Aldenburg; d Anton of Aldenburg;
137 1646 1670-1699 Christian V;
s136; * 15/04 1646; † 25/08 1699 København Castle; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral 19/10 1699;
King of Denmark and Norway,
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein,
Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst;

Charlotte Amalie of Hessen-Kassel; * 27/04 1650; m 25/06 1667; † 27/03 1714;
     d Margrave Wilhelm VI of Hessen-Kassel;
children :
1.   Frederik IV (138); * 11/10 1671;
2.   Christian Vilhelm; * 1672; † 1673;
3.   Christian; * 25/03 1675; † 27/06 1695;
4.   Sofie Hedvig; * 28/08 1677; † 13/03 1735;
5.   Karl; * 26/10 1680; † 08/07 1729;
6.   Christiane Charlotte; died in infancy;
7.   Vilhelm; * 21/02 1687; † 23/11 1705.

Maitresse Sofie Amalie Moth (from 1676), 1677 Countess of Samsø;
illegitimate children :
8.   Christian Gyldenløve, Count of Samsø * 28/02 1674; † 16/07 1703;
     m Sophie Amalie Moth; they got:
     a) Frederikke Louise Danneskiold-Samsøe; * 1699; † 1744; (Glück. B04); which does not correspond with (136-9b);
9.   Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve, Count of Samsø, general-admiral * 24/06 1678; † 08/12 1719;
10. + 11.   Two daughters died in infancy;
12.   Christiane Gyldenløve * 07/07 1672; † 12/09 1689.
138 1671 1699-1730 Frederik IV
s(137); * 11/10 1671; † 12/10 1730 at Odense Castle; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
King of Denmark and Norway from 25/08 1699;
Duke of Schleswig-Holstein;
Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst;

Louise of Mecklenburg; * 28/08 1667; m(1) 05/12 or 15/12 1695; † 15/03 1721; ‡ 02/04 1721 Roskilde Cathedral; d Duke Gustav Adolf of Mecklenburg-Güstrow;
children :
1.   Christian; * 1697; † 1698;
2.   Christian VI (139); * 30/11 1699;
3.   Frederik Karl; * 1701; † 1702;
4.   Georg; * 1704; † 1704;
5.   Charlotte Amalie; * 06/10 1706; † 28/10 1782.
6.   Christiane Amalie;
7.   Frederik Christian;
8.   Carl

Elisabeth Helene Vieregg * 04/05 1679; m(2) to left hand 1703 (when still married to the queen). † 27/06 1704 giving birth to:
child :
9.   Frederik Gyldenløve; * 1704; † 1704/1705.

Charlotte Helene von Schindel, *1690; † 1752; mistress 1709c.
Gave 1710 birth to daughter who died in infancy.

Anna Sofie Reventlow; * 16/04 1693; m(3) to left hand 26/06 1712 and still married to the queen. Married her to right hand 04/04 1721; † 07/01 1743; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; d Counselor Count Konrad Reventlow;
children :
- -   Two boys died in infancy.
10.   Karl † 1729. Not recognised by all sources. May be the same as No. 8.
139 1699 1730-1746 Christian VI
King of Denmark and Norway, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst;
s(138); * 30/11 1699; king 1730; † 06/08 1746 at Hirschholm; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;

Sofie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach = Sophie Magdalene af Brandenburg-Culmbach-Wewerlingen; * 28/11 1700; m 07/08 1721; † 27/05 1770; d Margrave Christian Heinrich of Brandenburg-Culmbach;
children :
1.   Frederik V; * 31/03 1723 (140);
2.   Louise; * 19/10 1726; † 1756; m Ernst Frederik-Karl of Kursachsen, † 1780;
140 1723 1746-1766 Frederik V;
s(139); * 31/03 1723; † 14/01 1766 Christiansborg; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
King of Denmark 06/08 1746;
King of Norway 1746 to 1766;
Duke of Schleswig and Holstein;
Count of Oldenborg and Delmenhorst;

Louise of England; d(037); * 18/12 1724; † 19/12 1751 during childbirth; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; d George II of England;
m(1) 10/11 1743, preliminary, and 11/12 1743, final;
children :
1.   Christian; * 1745; † 1747;
2.   Sofie Magdalene; * 03/07 1746; † 21/08 1813;
     m 01/10 1766 King Gustav III of Sweden, 1746-1792 (Sw048);
3.   Vilhelmine Caroline; * 10/07 1747; † 14/01 1820;
     m 01/09 1766 Wilhelm I of Hessen, 1743-1821;
4.   Christian VII; (141); * 29/01 1749;
5.   Louise; * 30/01 1750; † 12/01 1831; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
     m 30/08 1766 Landgraf Karl of Hessen, 1744-1836, field-marshal and regent of Schleswig Holstein; brother to Wilhelm of Kassel;
     they got:      a) Louise Caroline, 1789-1867,
     m to Duke Frederik Vilhelm Paul Leopold of Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksborg, 1785-1831, Danish Major-general; they got:
        i) Christian IX;
     b) Marie Sofie Frederikke, 1767-1852,
       m cousin King Frederik VI;
     c) Frederik, Margrave of Hessen, * 1771; regent Schleswig-Holstein 1836 to 1842/1845;
Juliane Marie of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel; * 04/09 1729; † 10/10 1796; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; m(2) 08/07 1752;
children :
6.   Frederik; * 11/10 1753; † 1805; heir presumptive;
     regent with state council 1772-1784 while Frd. VI (142) is under age.
     m 21/10 1774 Sofie Frederikke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; * 1758; † 1794; d Prince Ludwig of M-S.
     They got:
     a) Christian VIII (143);
     b) Juliane Sophie; † 1850;
     m Prince Wilhelm of Hessen-Philipsthal † 1834;
     c) Louise Charlotte; † 1864;
     m Margrave Wilhelm of Hessen-Kassel † 1867;
         they got:
         i) Marie Louise Charlotte; † 1895;
         m Prince Frederik August of Anhalt-Dessau † 1864;
         ii) Luise Wilhelmine Friederike Caroline Auguste Julie, * 1817, † 1898;
         m Christian IX (145);
         iii) Frederik Wilhelm Georg Adolf, † 1884;
         m(1) Alexandra, d Emperor Nikolaj I of Russia;
         m(2) Anna, † 1918; d Prince Karl of Prussia;
         iv) Augusta Sofie, † 1889;
         m Carl Baron Blixen-Finecke, † 1873;
     d) Frederik Ferdinand; * 1792; † 1863;
     m Caroline † 1881, d King Frederik VI (142);

Illegitimate children :
with Madam Hansen :
7.-   4 daughters, 1 son.
141 1749 1766-1808 Christian VII;
s(140); * 29/01 1749; † 13/03 1808; ‡ 16/07 1814 Roskilde Cathedral;
King 14/01 1766;

Caroline Mathilde of England; d(037-1j); * 22/07 1751; m 08/11 1766; imprisoned 17/01 1772; divorced 06/04 1772; left Denmark 31/05 1772; † 10/05 1775 in Celle;
children :
1.   Frederik VI (142); * 28/01 1768;
2.   Louise Augusta; * 07/07 1771 - fathered by Struensee.
     m Frederik Christian of Augustenborg, 1765-1814;
     they got:
       a) Karoline Amalie,
       m Christian VIII (143);
142 1768 1808-1839 Frederik VI;
s(141); * 28/01 1768; † 03/12 1839; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
Regent from 1784;
King from 13/03 1808;

Marie Sofie Frederikke of Hessen-Kassel; * 28/10 1767; † 21/03 1852;
m 31/07 1790; crowned 31/07 1815; d Karl of Hessen, regent of Schleswig-Holstein;
children :
1.   Son; † 1791;
2.   Marie Louise; * 1791; † 1792/1793;
3.   Caroline Mathilde; * 28/10 1793; † 31/03 1881;
     m Prince Frederik Ferdinand of Glücksborg (140-6d), 1792-1863;
4.   Child; † in infancy;
5.   Child; † in infancy;
6.   Child; † in infancy;
7.   Child; † in infancy;
8.   Vilhelmine Maria; * 18/01 1808; † 1891;
     m(1) Frederik VII (144);
     m(2) Carl of Glücksburg, b(145);

Illegitimate children with:
Bente Mortensdatter Rafsted = Fru Dannemand;
  9.   Louise Frederikke; * 1810; † 1888;
     m Kaptajn Wilhelm Zachariæ;
10.   Caroline; * 1812; † 1844;
     m Major Adolf Frederik Schack Brockdorff;
11.   Frederik Vilhelm Dannemand; * 1812; † 1888; lensgreve;
     m(1) Francisca von Scholten, 1820-1844;
     m(2) Louise Schulin, 1815-1884;
12.   Frederik Valdemar Dannemand; * 1819/20; † 1835.

Mistress Caroline Seuffert, Austrian actres, 1798-1891;
143 1786 1839-1848 Christian VIII;
s(140-6); * 18/09 1786; † 20/01 1848; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
Father was Prince Frederik, 1753-1805 (140-6), mother Sophie Frederikke von Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 1758-1794;
King from 03/12 1839;
Elected King of Norway from 17/5 1814 until October 1814.

Charlotte Frederikke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; cousin to the king;
     * 04/12 1784; † 13/07 1848 in Rome; ‡ behind St Peter's, Rome;
     m(1) 21/06 1806; divorced 31/03 1810 caused by the queen's infidelity;
     lived in Horsens to 1829; d grandduke Frederik Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin;
children :
1.   Frederik VII (144); * 06/10 1808;
2.   Jomfru Fanny, 1805-1881;

Caroline Amalie of Schleswig - Holstein - Sønderborg - Augustenborg, (141-2a); * 28/06 1796; d duke Friedrich Christian of Augustenborg and d Caroline Mathilde / Struense;
     m(2) 22/05 1815; † 09/03 1881; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
no children.
144 1808 1848-1863 Frederik VII;
s(143); * 06/10 1808; † 15/11 1863; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral; The last of 16 kings of the Oldenburg family.
king 20/01 1848;

Vilhelmine Maria; d(142) and "half-aunt" to the king; * 18/01 1808; † 30/05 1891;
m(1) 01/11 1828; separated 1834; divorced 1837 of personal reasons;
she remarried 19/05 1838 Karl of Glücksborg, b(145);
no children.

Caroline Charlotte Mariane of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; * 10/01 1821; † 01/06 1876;
m(2) 10/06 1841; she returned to Germany in 1844 because of the king's connection with L. C. Rasmussen;
divorced 30/09 1846; d Grandduke George Karl Frederik Josef of Mecklenburg-Strelitz;
no children.

Louise Christine Rasmussen; m to the left hand; * 21/04 1815; † 06/03 1874 in Genua;
m 07/08 1850 in Frederiksborg Castle Church favoured at the same date with the title Lensgrevinde Danner = countess Danner;
no children ;
145 1818 1863-1906 Christian IX;
Descendant from (133), First of the Glücksborg family;
* 08/04 1818; † 29/01 1906 Amalienborg; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
Father Wilhelm of Glücksburg, 1785-1831; mother Louise, 1789-1867;
Became crown prince, (heir presumptive) elected 1853;
King 15/11 1863;

Louise Wilhelmine Frederikke Caroline Auguste Julie of Hessen-Kassel; sdd(140); * 07/09 1817; m 26/05 1842; † 29/09 1898; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
children:
1.   Frederik VIII (146); * 03/06 1843;
2.   Alexandra; * 01/12 1844; † 1925;
     m 10/03 1863 to Edward VII (042);
3.   Christian Vilhelm Ferdinand Adolf Georg; * 24/12 1845;
     King of Greece 30/03 1863 as Georg I of Greece;
     m Olga, * 1851; d Prince Konstantin of Russia;
4.   Dagmar; * 26/11 1847; † 16/10 1928;
     m 09/11 1866 to Alexander III, czar from 1881;
5.   Thyra; * 29/09 1853; † 26/02 1933;
     m 21/12 1878 Ernest August II of Hannover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland 1845-1923;
     they got six children, two sons died young:
     a) Marie Louise, 1879-1948;
       m 1900 Prince Max von Baden;
     b) Alexandra, 1882-1963;
       m 1904 Grandduke Friedrich Franz IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin;
     c) Ernst August, 1887-1953;
       m Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia, 1892-1980, d Emperor Wilhelm II;
6.   Valdemar; * 27/10 1858; † 14/01 1939;
     m 20 or 22/10 1885 to Marie of Orleans, 1865-1909;
     they got
     a) Aage Christian Alexander Robert, * 10/06 1887, † 29/02 1940 i Tazam Marokko;
       m 01/02 1914 Mathilde Calvi di Bergolo, 1885-1949.
       divorced 1939.
       By the marriage Prince Aage forfeited his Royal title and became the first Count of Rosenborg. The prefixed title af Prince was restricted to him and his wife. Their male children only got the heriditary title of Count of Rosenborg.
       they got on son:
       i) Valdemar Alexander Georg Luigi Maria, Count of Rosenborg, * 03/01 1915, † 01/04 1995.
       m 20/04 1949 Floria, Baronne d'Huart-Saint-Mauris, * 10/08 1925; † 20/08 1995.
       The couple had no issue.
     b) Axel Christian Georg; * 12/08 1888; † 14/07 1964;
       m 22/05 1919 Margaretha Sofia Lovisa Ingeborg of Sweden (Swed. 054-3); * 25/06 1899; † 04/01 1977;
       they got:
       i) Georg Valdemar Carl Axel; * 16/04 1920;
       m 16/09 1950 Anne Ferelith Fenella Bowes-Lyon; * 04/12 1917; † 26/09 1980;
       ii) Margrethe Francoise Louise Marie Helene; * 17/09 1895;
       m 09/06 1921 Prince Renatus Karl Maria Joseph of Bourbon-Parma; * 17/10 1894; † 30/07 1962;
146 1843 1906-1912 Frederik VIII;
s(145); * 03/06 1843; † 14/05 1912 Hamburg; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
King 29/01 1906;

Louise of Sweden / Norway; d Carl XV of Sweden; * 31/10 1851; m 28/07 1869; † 20/03 1926; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
children :
1.   Christian X; * 26/09 1870; (147);
2.   Carl; * 03/08 1872; † 21/09 1957;
   m 22/07 1896 to Maud of England 1869-1938, d(042); elected king of Norway 12-13/11 1905; as Haakon VII;
3.   Louise; * 17/02 1875; † 04/04 1906;
   m 05/05 1896 to prince Friedrich of Schaumburg-Lippe;
4.   Harald; * 08/10 1876; † 30/03 1949;
     m 28/04 1909 to Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg; d Duke Frederik Ferdinand of Glücksborg (Glyk.H09-3);
     they got:
     a) Princess Feodora Louise Caroline Mathilde Viktoria Alexandra Frederikke Johanne; *03/07 1910; † 17/03 1975);
     m Prince Christian of Schaumburg-Lippe (cousin);
     b) Princess Caroline-Mathilde Louise Dagmar Christiane Maud Augusta Ingeborg Thyra Adelheid; * 27/04 1912; † 12/12 1995;
     m Prince Knud of Denmark;
     c) Princess Alexandrine-Louise Caroline-Mathilde Dagmar of Denmark; 12/12 1914; † 26/04 1962;
     m Count Luitpold of Castell-Castell;
     d) Prince Gorm Christian Frederik Hans Harald; * 24/02 1919; † 26/12 1991;
     e) Prince Oluf Christian Carl Axel; * 10/03 1923; † 19/12 1990:
     "Degraded" to Count of Rosenborg when m(1) Annie Helene Dorrit Puggard-Müller;
     m(2) Lis Wulff-Juergensen;
5.   Ingeborg; * 02/08 1878;
   m 27/08 1897 to prince Carl of Sweden; † 12/03 1958;
6.   Thyra; * 14/03 1880; † 02/11 1945;
7.   Gustav; * 04/03 1887; † 05/10 944;
8.   Dagmar; * 23/05 1890; † 11/10 1961;
   m 23/11 1922 to Jørgen Castenskiold of Kongstedlund.
147 1870 1912-1947 Christian X;
s(146); * 26/09 1870; king 14/05 1912; † 20/04 1947; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;

Alexandrine; * 24/12 1879; m 26/04 1898 in Cannes; † 28/12 1952; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
Daughter of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz III of Mecklenburg-Schwerin;
children :
1.   Frederik; 11/03 1899; (148);
2.   Knud Christian Frederik Michael; * 27/07 1900; † 14/06 1976;
     m 08/09 1933 Caroline-Mathilde Louise Dagmar Christiane Maud Augusta Ingeborg Thyra Adelheid;
dbs(146); * 27/04 1912; † 12/12 1995;
   they got:
     a) Elisabeth Caroline-Mathilde Alexandrine Helena Olga Thyra Feodora Estrid Margarethe Désirée; * 08/05 1935; unmarried;
     b) Ingolf; * 17/02 1940;
     "Degraded" and became Count of Rosenborg when m Inge Terney without consent;
     c) Christian; * 22/10 1942;
     "Degraded" and became Count of Rosenborg when m Anne Dorte Maltoft-Nielsen without consent;
     they got children;
148 1899 1947-1972 Frederik IX;
s(147); * 11/03 1899; † 14/01 1972; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
King of Denmark from 20/04 1947;

Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta; d Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden; * 28/03 1910;
m 24/05 1935; † 07/11 2001; ‡ Roskilde Cathedral;
children :
   Margrethe; * 16/04 1940; (149)
   Benedikte Astrid Ingeborg Ingrid; * 29/04 1944;
   m 03/02 1968 Richard Casimir Karl August Konstantin of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg; * 29/10 1934;
   they got:
     a) Gustav Frederik Philip Richard; * 12/01 1969;
     b) Alexandra Rosemarie Ingrid Benedikte; * 20/11 1970;
     c) Nathalie Xenia Margareta Benedikte; * 02/05 1975;
   Anne-Marie Dagmar Ingrid; * 30/08 1946;
   m 18/09 1964 ex-king Konstantin II of Greece; * 02/06 1940.
149 1940 1972- Margrethe II;
d(148); * 16/04 1940;
Queen of Denmark from 14/01 1972;

Henrik de Laborde de Montpezat, Prince Consort; * 11/06 1934; m 10/06 1967;
children :
1.   Frederik André Henrik Christian; * 26/05 1968;
     m May 2004; Mary Donaldson = Crown Princess Mary; * 05/02 1972;
     children :
     a) Christian Valdemar Henri John; * 15/10 2005;
     b) Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe; * 21/04 2007;
     c) Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander; * 08/01 2011;
     d) Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda; * 08/01 2011;

2.   Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian; * 07/06 1969;
     m(1) 18/11 1995 Alexandra Christina Manley * 30/06 1964 =
     Alexandra Princess of Danmark, divorced 08/04 2005;
     She became Countess of Frederiksborg when she remarried 2007;
     children in m(1) :
     a) Nicolai; * 28/08 1999;
     b) Felix; * 22/07 2002.

     m(2) 24/05 2008 Marie Cavallier, Princess Marie of Denmark and countess of Montpezat, * 06/02 1976;
     child in m(2):
     c) Henrik Carl Joachim Alain; * 04/05 2009;
     d) Athena Marguerite Françoise Marie; * 24/01 2012;
 



Jørgen Marcussen
Opdateret d. 13.4.2014.
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