Monarchs and Rulers of Norway

Updated 27. March 2011.


Abbreviations used::
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
gs = grandson of, ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

No. Born Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations
001 853 870-933 or 865/88-940 Harald Hårfager = Harald I = Harald Fairhair;
s Halfdan Svarte and Ragnhild of the Swedish Ynglinga Dynasty; * 853; † 936;
United the Norwegian provinces 865-888;
King of Norway from 888 to 933;

Asa; m(1); d Jarl Hakon Griotgardson of Tröndelagen:
child:
1.   Halfdan Svarte; † 935, viceroy of Trondheim;

Snæfrid; m(2); d Svase of Tofte by Dovrefjell;
child:
2.   Sigurd of Rise; viceroy of Ringerige; his son was Halfdan of Ringerike and his son again was Sigurd Syr of Ringerike, † 1022, who m Asta Gudbrandsdatter.
They got Harald Haardraade (011);

Gyda; m(3); d Erik of Hordeland;
child:
3.   Alof Aarbod; m Thorer the Quiet; they got Bergliot, † 965;
     who got Haakon of Laden, (005), and Ragnhild;

Svanhild; m(4); d Jarl Eisten of Hedemarken;
children:
4.   Olaf of Geierstad; † 937; viceroy of Vigen; his son was Trygve Olavsen, (005a);
5.   Bjørn Købmand; † 920 murdered by Erik (001-6); He got Gudrod, who became vicegerent of Vestfold, murdered 968;
Gudrod's son was Harald II Grænske, who became king in the southern Norway 978-995.
He died in a fire; m Asta, d Gudbrand Kule and they got Oluf II (008);

Ragnhild; m(5); d Erik Bjark of Jutland, Denmark;
child:
6.   Erik I Blodøkse; (002);

Alfhild; m(6); d Ring Dagsøn of Ringerike;
no children;

Mistress;
child:
7.   Haakon I Adelsteensfostre; (003);
002 895c 940-945 or
933-938
Erik Blodøkse = Erik Bloodaxe;
s(001); * 895c; † 952;
King of Norway; the sources differ for his accession date;
Deposed 938;

Gunild of Halogaland; d Ossur Tote;
children:
1.   Harald II; (004);
2-7.   Six sons who went in exile with father in 938 and with mother in 978 to the Orkney Islands.

Another source claims marriage between Erik and:
Gunhild Gormsdatter; d Gorm den Gamle (-03-4);
003 - 945-960 or
938-963
Haakon I = Hakon I Adelsteensfostre;
s(001); * 923; † 963;
King of Norway from 938 or 945, sources differ;
004 - 960-970 or
963-977
Harald II = Harald Graafell;
s(002); * 934; † 977, killed at the Battle of Hals at the Limfjorden;
King of Norway from 963;
005 945c 970-995 Haakon Jarl of Lade Hakon den Onde = Hakon den Mægtige = Hakon fra Hladen;
gs (001-3); * 945c; † 995, killed;
Vicegerent of Danish Harald Blåtand from 978;
King of part of Norway from 990;

Mistress mother:
child:
1.   Erik Hakonsson, (007);

Thora; d Skage Skofteson of Söndmöer;
children:
2.   Svend; † 1016; Swedish vicegerent in Trondelagen; m Holmfried, d of King Erik Sejersæl of Sweden (Sw001-2);
they got Gunhild, † 1054, who
m(1) King Anund Jacob of Sweden (Sw003), and;
m(2) King Svend Estridsen of Denmark (Dk104);
3.   Bergliot; m Einar Tamberskjælver, † 1052;

Unknown mother;
child:
4.   Audur; m Erik Sejersæl of Sweden (Sw001);
005a - - Trygve Olavsen = Oluf I Trygveson;
gs or ggs(001-4); † 968, murdered;

Astrid Eiriksdatter; d lord-lieutenant Erik Bjodaskalla of Jædderen;
child:
1.   Olav Trygvesen; (006);
006 968 996-1000 Olav Trygvesen = Åla fra Garda;
s(005a); * 968; † 9/9 1000 at the Battle of Swoldur = Svolder Ø = Greifswalder-Oie; Svend Tveskæg versus Olav;
King of Norway from 996;

Geira; m(1) when Olav was 19 years old; d of the Vendian King Burislav, † 988; she died after 3 years of marriage;

Gyde = Gyda; m(2); daughter of or sister to King of Dublin, Olav Kvåren = Oluf Kvarran, † 995;
child:
1.   Trygve; killed at the Battle of Soknesund in 1034;

Gudrun; m(3); d Skiægge of Öreland in Trönderen County; she was cast off 998;

Tyra; m(4); d Harald Blåtand (Dk -02); she had left her second husband, the Vendian Boleslav I (Pol PI02);
007 965 1000-1015 Erik Jarl of Lade = Erik Hakonsson;
s(005); * 965c; † 1023; Ruler of Norway after Oluf Trygvesson death in 1000 to 1015;
Count of Northumberland from 1015;

Gyda; d Svend Tveskæg (Dk -01-6); her m(1); her m(2) was to the Earl of Northumberland;
child:
1.   Hakon Eriksson, * 998; † 1029; Earl of Norway 1015-1016; and m Gunhild, a d of Thyra (DK -01.3)
008 995 1015-1028 or
1016-1028
Olaf II Haraldsson = Olaf Digre;
ggs(001-5); * 995; † 29/7 1030 at the Battle of Stiklestad;
King of Norway from 1015; deposed 1028;
He became the first saint of the North as Olav den Hellige

Astrid; d King Oluf Skiödkonning of Sweden, (Sw 002);
no children;

Alfhild; of British blood;
children:
1.   Magnus the Good (010); † 1047;
2.   Wulfhild; she m Duke Ordulph of Saxony, †1074; the couple got Duke Magnus of Saxony, †1106;
009 - 1028-1035 Svend Knutsson = Svend Alfifasen;
s(Dk005) Knud den Store;
Vasal king governed by father in Denmark.
010 1023 1035-1047 Magnus den Gode = Magnus the Good;
s(008); * 1023; † 25/10 1047; ‡ Trondheim.
King of Norway from 1035;
King of Denmark from 1042 (Dk103);
Unmarried;
011 1016 1047-1066 Harald III Hardraade = Harald Hårderåde;
ggs (001-2); * 1016; † 1066 at the Battle at Stamford Bridge;
Co-ruler with Magnus den Gode from 1045;
King of Norway from 1047;

Elizabeth = Ellisif; m(1); 1045; d Grand Duke Iaroslaw I of Kiev;
child:
1.   Ingegerd; m(1) Oluf I of Denmark (Dk107);
     and remarried Philip of Sweden (Sw009);

Thora; m(2); d Thorberg Arneson of Gidsköe; she had also been a mistress of Svend Estridsen;
children:
2.   Magnus II; (013); * 1049;
3.   Olaf III Kyrre; (012); * 1050;
012 1050 1069-1093 Olaf III Kyrre = Oluf den Fredsommelige = Oluf Kyrre;
s(011); * 1050; † 1093;
King of the SE part of Norway from 1067;
King of all Norway from 1069;

Ingrid; m(1); d Svend II of Denmark (Dk104);
child:
1.   Magnus III; (014)

Thora Jonsdatter; m(2) marriage uncertain;
013 1049 1066-1069 Magnus II;
s(011); * 1049; † 1069;
King of all Norway from 1066 to 1067;
King of NW Norway from 1067-1069;

child:
1.   Hakon II; King of Trondheim and Opland 1093-1095; † 1095;
014 1073 1093-1103 Magnus III Barefoot = Magnus Barfod;

s(012); * 1073; † 1103;
King of Vigen from 1093;
King of all Norway from 1095;

Margrethe Fredkulla; † 1130; m(1) 1101; d Inge I of Sweden (Sw007);
she re-m Niels of Denmark (Dk109);
no children:

Five mistresses noted;
children:
1.   Eystein I; (015);
2.   Sigurd I; (016);
3.   Olaf Magnusson; (017);
4.   Harald IV; (019);
5.   Skialdvor; m Sigurd Hrane; they got Niels, pretender to the throne 1161;
6.   Sigurd Slembe = Sigurd Slemmedegn; appointed king 1136; † 1139 killed;
7.   Ragnhild; m Harald Kesja of Denmark (Dk108-2);
015 1088 or 1089 1103-1122 Eystein I = Öystein;
s(014); * 1088 - 1089; † 1122 or 1123;
King of Norway from 1103

Ingeborg; d Guttorm;
child:
1.   Maria; m Gudbrand Skafhaugsson; they got Oluf, appointed king 1166, was exiled and died 1169;
016 1089 or 1090 1123-1130 Sigurd I = Sigurd Jorsalfar = Sigurd I Jorsalafar;
s(014); * 1089 or 1090; † 1130;
Byname means He who travelled to Jerusalem;
Vicegerent of the Orkney Islands from 1098;
King and co-ruler of Norway from 1103;
Sole King of Norway from 1123;

Biadmuir; m(1); d King Muirkertach of Ireland;
child:
1.   Magnus IV; (018);

Malmfred; m(2); d Grand Duke Mistislaw I of Kiev, Prince of Novgorod. She was 1128 cast off by Sigurd and remarried Erik Emune of Denmark (Dk110);
children:
2.   Kristina = Christine; (016a); m Erling Skakke;
3.   Cecliy;
016a - - Christine;
d(016); † 1178;

Erling Skakke, Earl in Norway; m(1)
child:
1.   Magnus V; (024);

Sigurd II (021);
children:
2.   Eric;
3.   Cecily; m(1) Folkvid; m(2) 1184 Baard Guttormson † 11994 in battle; they got Inge II (028);
017 1099 1103-1115 Olaf Magnusson;
s(014); * 1099; † 1115;
King of Norway from 1103;
018 1115 1130-1135 Magnus IV the Blind = Magnus den Blinde;
s(016); * 1115; † 1139 in battle;
King of Norway from 1130;

Christine; divorced 1133; † 1132; d King Knut of Wenden;
no children;
019 - 1130-1136 Harald IV Gille = Harald Gillekrist;
s(014) - uncertain; † 1135 or 1136;
King of Norway from 1130;

Ingirith = Ingrid; d Ragvald of Sweden (Sw007-6-a); her second m;
child:
1.   Inge I Krokrygg; (020);

Other mothers:
children:
2.   Sigurd II; (021);
3.   Eystein II; (022);
4.   Unnamed child who got Sigurd Brænder, † 1189; and Jon Kutling, † 1188;
5.   Brigida; m Magnus II of Sweden;
020 1134 1136-1161 Inge I = Inge Kroryg;
d(019); * 1134; † 1161 in the battle of Oslo;
King of Norway from 1136;

children:
1.   Jon Kuflung; elected king 1185; † 1188;
2.   Sigurd; killed 1189;
021 1132 or 1133 1136-1155 Sigurd II = Sigurd II Mund;
s(019) illegitime; * 1136; † 1155, murdered;
King of Norway from 1136;

Mother 1;
child:
2.   Sverre; (025) - uncertain;

Mother 2:
child:
1.   Haakon II; (023);

Christine (016a); † 1178; her m(2);
children:
3.   Cecilie; m(1) Folkvid and they got
     (a) Hakon Gallin; Earl of Norway; † 1215; m Christina, dd Erik IX of Sweden;
      who got Knud Jarl, King of the Ribbungers 1226-1227; † 1261;
     m(2) Baard Guttormsen; they got
     (b) Svend Baardsøn, elected King of the Birkebeners 1205, but refused:
     (c) Inge II Baardsøn; King from 1205 (028);

4.   Eric, Earl of Vigen and Oplandene; † 1190; m Asa;
5.   Sigurd; (023a);
022 - 1142-1157 Eystein II = Öystein;
s(019); † 1157;
King of Norway from 1142;

child:
1.   Öystein Möyla = Eisten Meila; elected king of the Birkebeners 1173; killed 1177;
2.   Thorleif Bredskiæg; King of the Kuflungers 1189; † 1191;
023 1147 1157-1162 or 1161-1162 Haakon II = Haakon II Herdebred = Hakon III Hærdebred;
s(021); * 1147; † 1162, killed;
King of Norway from 1161;
023a - 1162-1163 Sigurd III;
s(021); † 1163 executed;
King of Norway from 1162;
024 1155 or 1156 1162-1184 or 1163-1184 Magnus V Erlingsson = Magnus Erlingsøn;
s(016a); * 1155; † 1184 in sea battle by Hugastrand against (025);
Mother was warden for her son from 1162;
King of Norway from 1163;

Estrid = Astrid; d Bjørn Byrdasvend;
children:
1.   Erling Stenvæg; King of the Baglers from 1204-1207;
2.   Vikar; King of the Varbelgers from 1189; † 1190;
3.   Sigurd; King of the Guldbeners from 1193; † 1194;
4.   Inge; King of the Baglers from 1196; † 1202;
5.   Benedict; King of the Slittungers from 1218 as Magnus; † 1222 executed;
025 1152 1177-1202 or 1184-1202 Sverre = Sverker = Sverrir;
Presumed son of (021) and Una's wife Gunild; * 1152; † 1202;
Elected King of Norway from 1177 or 1184;

Astrid; m(1);
children:
1.   Sigurd Lavard (025-1); who got s Guthorm (027);
2.   Haakon III; (026);
3.   Ingeborg; m Prince Charles of Sweden (Sw017-1);

Margaret of Sweden; m(2); † 1209; m 1185; d Erik IX of Sweden (Sw013-2);
children:
4.   Kristine = Christine; m Filip, Birger Jarl's son elected king, but refused; † 1217;
5.   Erling;
026 1173 1202-1204 Haakon III Sverresson = Hakon IV;
s(025); * 1173; † 1204 murdered by poison;
King of Norway from 1202;

Inga of Varteig = Inga Werting; † 1235;
child:
1.   Haakon IV or V; (029)
027 1200 1204-1204 or 1204-1205 Gutorm Sigurdsson = Guttorm;
s(025-1); † 1204 or 1205 by poison;
King of Norway from 1204;
028 1185 1204-1217 Inge II Baardsson;

s(016a-3); * 1185; † 1217;
King of Norway from 1204;

Cyrid;
child:
1.   Guttorm; † 1230;
029 1204 1217-1263 Haakon IV = Hakon V den Gamle = Hakon V the Old = Hakon Hakonson;
s(026); * 1204; † 1263;
King of Norway from 1217;
Crowned in Bergen, Olavsdag 1247;

Kanaga; m(1);
children:
1.   Sigurd; † 1254;
2.   Cecily; † 1248; m(1) 1241 Gregor Anderson; m(2) 1248 King Harold of Man;

Margaret = Margrethe Skuledatter; † 1270; d Jarl Skule Baardsøn;
children:
3.   Hakon; * 1232; † 5/5 1257 by plague; ‡ Hallvadskirken, Oslo;
     m 1251 Rixa, d Birger Jarl of Sweden; (Sw018-3a);
4.   Christine; * 1234; † 1262; m 31/3 1258 Philip s King Ferdinand III of Castile (Sp011-4);
5.   Magnus VI; (030);
030 1238 1263-1280 Magnus VI Lagabøter = Magnus VI Lagabæter;
s(029); * 1238; † 1280;
King of norway from 1263;

Ingeborg of Denmark; m(1) 1261; d Erik IV Plovpenning (Dk117-2);
children:
1.   Erik II Præstehader; (031); † 1299;
2.   Håkon V; (032); † 1319;
031 1268 1280-1299 Erik II Præstehader;
s(030); * 1268; † 1299;
King of Norway from 1280;

Margaret = Margrethe; * 1261; † 1283; m(1) 1281; d King Alexander III of Scotland (Sc028);
child:
1.   Margaret, Queen of Scots (Sc029) "Pigen fra Norge"; * 1283; elected queen 1289, but died in † 1290 during the voyage to Scotland at the Orkney Islands;

Isabel; † 1358; sister to King Robert I of Scotland (Sc031);
child:
2.   Ingeborg; * 1297; m(1) 1312 Duke Waldemar of Finland (his 2nd m) s King Magnus III of Sweden (Sw023); they got Erik * 1316 who died young;
032 1270 1299-1319 Haakon V = Hakon VI Høilæg;
s(030); * 1270; † 1319;
Duke of Norway from 1280;
King of Norway from 1299;

Euphemia; † 1312; m 1299; d Duke Wislaw II of Rügen = Günther of Rupin;
child:
1.   Ingeborg; (032a);

By mistress;
child:
2.   Agnethe; m Hafthor Jonssøn;
032a 1301 - Ingeborg;
d(032); * 1301; † after 1360;

Duke Eric of Södermanland; † 1318; m(1) 1312; s King Magnus III of Sweden (023);
children:
1.   Magnus (033);
2.   Euphemia (032b); m Duke Albrecht I of Mecklenburg † 1379;

Duke Knut Porse of South Halland; † 1330; m(2) 1327;
children:
3.   Hagen; died of the plague 1350;
4.   Knud; died of the plague 1350;
032b - - Euphemia;
d(032a); † 1379;

Albrecht I = Albrecht II of Mecklenburg (M007); † 1379;
children:
1.   Henrik III, Duke of Mecklenburg (suspensor) (032c);
2.   Albrecht II / III of Sweden (Sw027);
3.   Magnus, Duke of Mecklenburg (M008a);
4.   Ingeborg; m(1) Churfyrst Ludvig the Roman of Brandenburg, † 1366;
     m(2) Count Henrik II Ferreus of Holstein, † 1381; they got Count Gerhard IV of Holstein, Duke of Schleswig;
     His daughter was Hedevig who m(1) Fyrst Balthazar to Güstrow, † 1421; and m(2) Count Diderik the Happy = Diderik den Lykkelige of Oldenburg, † 1440;
     His son became Christian I of Denmark;
032c - - Henrik III of Mecklenburg;
s(032b); † 1383;

Follow the line in the Mecklenburg Line;
FIRST OF FOLKUNG DYNASTY - RULED FROM 1319 TO 1387
033 1316 1319-1344 Magnus VII = Magnus IV of Sweden;
s(032a); * 1316; † 1374;
King of Norway from 1319 to 1344;
King of Sweden from 1319 to 1363;

See Magnus IV of Sweden (Sw025) for details;
034 1338 or
1339
1344-1380 Haakon VI = Hakon VII Magnusson;
s(033); * 1338 or 1339; † 1380;
King of Norway from 1344 or 1350;

Margrethe I (Dk126);
child:
1.   Oluf III (Dk125);
035 1370 1380-1387 Olaf IV = Oluf III of Denmark;
s(034); * 1370; † 1387;
King of Norway from 1380;
King of Denmark from 1375;
036 1353 1387-1412 Margrethe I of Norway = Margrethe I of Denmark;

Haakon; (034)
child:
Olaf IV; (035);
 
Norway was part of Denmark or Sweden until 1905 (No. 037)

 
037 - 1905-1957 Haakon VII;
s(Denmark 146); * 3/8 1872; † 21/9 1957;
Christened as Prince Carl;
Elected king of Norway 12-13/11 1905; as Haakon VII;

Maud; * 1869; † 1938; m 22/7 1896; d Edward VII of England;
child:
1.   Olav V; (038);
038 - 1957-1991 Olav V;
King of Norway from 1957;

Martha = Märtha; * 1901; † 1954; d Duke Karl = Charles of Västergötland (Sw054-3);
children:
1.   Ragnhild; * 1930; m 1953 Erling Sven Lorentzen;
2.   Astrid; * 1932; m 1961 John Martin Ferner * 1927;
3.   Harald; * 1937; (039);
039 1937 1991- Harald V;
s(038); * 1937;
King of Norway from 1991;

Sonja; * 1937; m 1968; d Charles Augustus Haraldsen;
children:
1.   Martha Louise; * 1971; m Ari Behn; they got two daughters;
2.   Hakon Magnus; * 1973; m Mette-Marit; they got a daughter and a son;
 
Jørgen Marcussen


Revised 29 September 2006.
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Opdateret d. 27.3.2011