Rulers and Monarchs of Portugal



Portugal was a county from 1095 to 1139. It became a monarchy from 1139 to 1580.
From 1580 to 1640 the kingdom formed a personal union with Spain.
From 1910 Portugal has been a republic, from 1933 to 1974 governed by a dictator.
1974 the "Carnation Revolution" caused a change to a modern democracy.

Abbreviations used:
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
gs = grandson of, ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

No. Born Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations
001 1066c 1095-1112 Henry of Burgundy = Henri de Burgogne = Henrik af Burgund = Henrique de Borgonha;
s of Henri de Bourgogne (* 1035 c.; † 1066-1074) and Sibylle of Barcelona (* 1035; † after 1074);
* between 1057 and 1066 i Dijon; † 22/05 1112 k.i.battle at Astorga; ‡ Braga Cathedral;
King Alphonso VI of Castile offered him land from River Minho in N to Santarem in S, which became the first Portuguese land;
Count of Portugal / Portucale from 1093 or 1095/6;
Was on pilgrimage to Palestine after 8/6 1101. Was home again by 1103;

Theresia of Leon = Teresa de Leão = Teresa de Castilla y León; * 1070; m 1093 or 1095; † 1/11 1130; illegitimate d King Alphonso VI of Castile & Leon and Ximena Moniz;
Regent for her son, Affonso I, from 1112 to 1128;
She adopted in Nov. 1117 the title "Queen of Portugal";
Her son expelled her from Portugal in 1128.
She was from 1124 mistress of Fernando Pérez de Traba, also noted as Count of Trastámara; *)
children :
1.   Alfons = Affonso Henriquez * 1094; † 1110; ‡ Braga Cathedral;
A possible misdating of the birth could suggest Alfons being the same person as his below mentioned brother [Source fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/....].
2.   Urraca Henriques; * 1096-1105c; † after 1130 or after 21/9 1161;
   m 1120c Bermudo Perez de Trava, also noted as Count of Trastamara;
3.   Sancha Henriques = Sancha Enriquez; * 1098c; † after 1129 or after 1147;
   m (maybe as his second wife) Fernando Mendez de Braganca; Died without issues;
4.   Teresa Henriques; * 1102c;
   m Sancho Nunez de Barbosa;
5.   Henriquez; * 1106c; † after 1110; ‡ Braga Cathedral;
6.   Alfons I = Afonso I Henriquez (002); * 1110; † 6/12 1185;

Mistress Elvia Gualtar; [one source states that the mother of Pedro was unknown]
7.   Pedro Affonso, * 1105c; † 1175; became a monk and Grand Master of the Order of Aviz;

8.   Elvira, a daughter. She is mentioned in a list of Urraca, Elvia and Afonso in the "Chronicon Regum Legionensium" p.88.

*) Teresa de Leon and Fernando Pérez got:
--   Sancha Fernandes de Traba;
--   Teresa Fernandes de Traba;
002 1110 1112-1185 Alfonso I = Afonso I = Alfons I Henriques, o Conquistador = Alfons I Erobreren;
s(001); * 1109 or 1111; † 6/12 1185; ‡ Coimbra;
Mother Theresia was regent 1112-1128;
Count or Duke of Portugal from 1/11 1112, or from he came of age in 1128;
Refused to swear homage to Alfonso VII of Castile in 1135 and from that time called himself Prince of Portugal;
Proclaimed king by his troops and by himself King of Portugal from 25/7 1139;
Promised 1140 to recognize himself as a vassal of King Afonso VII of Leon. However, he never fulfilled the promise, and in 1143 King Afonso VII recognized Portugal as a independent monarchy;
He captured Lisbon in 1147;
Papal recognition of the royal title came 23/5 1179 with the bull Manifestis Probatum;

Matilda = Mafalda = Mathilde de Savoie; * 1125; m 1146; † 4/11 1157; ‡ Coimbra;
d Count Amadeus III of Savoy;
children :
1.   Henrique Afonso; * 5/3 1147; † 1156c;
2.   Urraca Afonso; * 1148; † 16/10 1188
   m 1165 Fernando II of Leon; * 1137; † 22/1 1188; marriage annulled 1175;
3.   Theresa / Mafalda; * 1151; † 6/5 or 16/5 1218 drowned in Flanders; ‡ Clairvaux Monastery;
   She adopted the name Mafalda in 1174 after the death of her sister of the same name; Was from then known as Mathilde;
   m(1) 1183/4 Count Philip I of Flanders = Philippe de Lorraine; † 1191;
   m(2) 1193/4 Duke Eudo III of Burgundy = Eudes III de Bourgogne; * 1166; † 1218; marriage annulled 1195 because of consanguinity;
4.   Mafalda Afonso; * 1153; † 1162;
5.   Sancho I Martino (003); * 11/11 or 11/12 1154; † 26/3 1211 or 1212;
6.   João Afonso; * 1156c; † young 1163;
7.   Sancha Afonso; * 1157; † 1167;

Afonso I had the following illegitimate children:
With unknown woman the son Pedro Affonso, a monk;
With Chamoa Gomes he had Teresa Afonso * 1134c.; and
(Fernando) Affonso * 1135, † 1207, he became XII Grand Master of the Knights of St. John;
With Mistress Elvira Gáltar he had Urraca Afonso * 1130;
003 1154 1185-1211 Sancho I, o Povoador = Sancho I Martino the Popular = Sancho I Befolkeren;
s(002); * 11/11 1154; Christened Martinho, when 3 years old, his older brother, Henrique Afonso died, and Martinho became the heir apparent and needed a more suitable name and was renamed Sancho Afonso. † 26/3 1212; ‡ Coimbra;
King of Portugal and Algarverne from 6/12 1185;

Aldonca = Dulce de Aragón = Dulcia d'Aragón = Dulcia of Barcelona; * 1160; m 1174; † 1/9 1198; d King Ramón Berenger IV d'Aragón = Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona;
children :
  1.   Teresa = Theresia; * 1175; † 1250;
   m 1191 King Alphonso IX of Leon; Marriage annulled 1198;
  2.   Sancha; * 1178 or 1180 or 13/3 1182; † 1229; became a nun and abbess of Lorvano;
  3.   Constança; * 1182 c.; † 1185 or 3/8 1202;
  4.   Alphonso II = Afonso II (004); * 12/4 1185; † 25/3 1223;
  5.   Peter = Pedro, King of Majorca; * 23/2 1187; † 2/6 1258;
   m 1229 Aurembiaix Armengol = Erenburga of Urgel; * 1180; † 1231; d Ermengaud VIII of Urgel;
  6.   Ferdinand = Fernando = Ferrand; * 24/3 1188; † 4/3 1233;
   m 1212 Joanna = Johanne; * 1188; † 1244; d Count Baldwin IX of Flanders;
  7.   Henry = Henrique; * 1189 or 1191; † 1189 or 1191;
  8.   Branca = Blanche of Guadalajara; * 1192 c.; † 1240; became a nun;
  9.   Raymond = Raimundo; * 1195; † during childhood;
10.   Berengária; * 1195 c.; † 27/3 1221; ‡ Ringsted;
   m 1213 King Valdemar II of Denmark;
11.   Mafalda; * 1195 to 1197; † 1/5 1256 or 1257;
   m 1215 King Henry I of Castile (sp. 010); m annulled 1216; she became a nun, founded the Cisterciensian monastery of Arouca and was beatified 1793;

A further nine children are registered for the king and:
Mistress Maria Moniz de Ribeira (1 child 1170);
Mistress Maria Pais Ribeira (6 children from 1200 to 1210);
Mistress Maria Aires de Fornelos (2 children);
004 1185 / 1186 1211-1223 Afonso II = Affonso II the Fat = Afonso II o Gordo = Alfons II den Tykke;
s(003); * 23/4 1185 or 1186; † 25/3 1223 in Coimbra; ‡ Alcobaça;
King from 26/3 1211;

Urraca; * 1186; m 1206; † 1220; d King Alphonso VIII of Castile;
children :
1.   Sancho II (005); * 1209; † 4/1 1248;
2.   Afonso III (006); * 1212 / 1217; † 16/2 1279;
3.   Eleanor = Leonor; * 1211; † 1231; ‡ Ringsted;
   m 1229 Prince Valdemar the Young 1209-1231;
4.   Ferdinand = Fernando Lord of Serpa; * 1218; † 1246;
   m 1242 or 1243 Sancha Fernández de Lara;
5.   Vicente; * 1218 - ;

+ Two illegitimate children;
005 1209 1223-1245 Sancho o Piedoso = Sancho II the Pious;
s(004); * 8/9 1209; † 4/1 1248 in Toledo Castilla-la-Mancha; ‡ Toledo;
King of Portugal and Algarvene from 25/3 1223;
Crowned spring of 1223 in Coimbra;
Excommunicated 16/8 1234;
Deposed 11/1 1245;

Mécia = Mencia Lopez de Haro ; m 1246 c.; † 1270; d Count Lope Dias de Haro of Biscaya; mother Urraca Alfonso de Leon;
no children ;
006 1210 1245-1279 Afonso III = Afonso III o Bolonhês = Alphonse III;
s(004); * 5/5 1210; † 16/2 1279 in Lisbon; ‡ Alcobaçaklostret;
Regent from 11/1 1245 or 1247;
Count of Boulogne from 1235;
King of Portugal from 3/1 1248;
King of Algarve from 1267;
Late in life the King wasexcommunicated by several bishops arcbishops and even Pope Clement IV;

Matilda II de Bolougne; * 1202; m(1) 1235; divorced 1245 or 1253; † 1262; d Renaud de Dammartin; she was heiress to Boulogne after her mother;
Her husband became at the wedding Count (jure uxoris) of Boulogne on behalf of his wife;
no children lived on;
Two children died young;

Beatrice Brites = = Beatriz de Guzman; * 1242; m(2) 1254; † 1303 or 1308; illegitimate d King Alfonso X of Castile;
children :
1.   Branca; * 25/2 1259; † 17/4 1321; Vcdsa of Abbess of Lorvano;
2.   Fernando; * 1260; † 1262;
3.   Dinis (007); * 9/10 1261; † 7/1 1325;
4.   Afonso; * 1263; † 1312; Lord of Portalegre;
   m Yolante = Violante; d John Emanuel of Peñafiel & Escalona (Sp011-1);
their d Beatrice m Peter Fernando de Castro -1343; B&P got 2 d; the first d Ines de Castro m Peter I of Portugal (Por009);
their 2nd d, Mary, m(1) Tello de Molina, and m(2) Ferdinand de Haro;
5.   Sancha; * 1264; † 1284 or 1302;
6.   Maria; * 1264; † 1304;
7.   Constança; * 1266; † 1271;
8.   Vicente; * 1268; † 1271;

The king got a total of 10 children (5 died young) with his wives and got 10 illegitimate registered children;

In 149 Faro was conquered and both Faro and Algarve were incorporated in Portugal;
In 1255 the Portuguese capital was moved from Coimbra to Lissabon;
007 1261 1279-1325 Dinis I o Lavrador = Dinis o Rei Poeta = Denis I (English);
s(006); * 9/10 1261; † 7/1 1325 Santarém; ‡ Klostret i Odivelas
King of Portugal og Algarvene from 16/2 1279;
Founded 1290 first Portuguese university in Lissabon, later moved to Coimbra;
Established a Portuguese navy in 1312 commanded by Admiral Manuel Pessanha (from Genoa);
Founded the Order of Christ;
(Granted by the Pope in the Papal Bull Ad ea ex quibus issued Avignon 14/15 March 1319);

Isabel de Aragão = Isabel of Aragon; * 4/1 1271; m 1282; † 4/7 1336; d King Peter III of Aragon;
Canonized 1625 by Pope Urban VIII;
children :
1.   Constança; * 1290; † 1313;
   m 1302 King Ferdinand IV of Castile;
2.   Afonso IV (008);

Mistresses and illegitimate children;
With Grácia Frois he got Pedro Afonso, Count of Barcelona; * 1287; † 1354;
With Aldonça Rodrigues Talha he got Afonso Sanches, Lord af Albuquerque; * 1289; † 1329;
With Marinha Gomes he got Maria Afonso, Lady af Gibraleón;
With Branca Lourenço de Valadares (aunt of Inês de Castro) he got Maria Afonso; * 1302; † 1320;
With other mistresses he got João Afonso, Lord of Lousã; * 1280; † 1325; and
    Fernão Sanches; * 1280; † 1329; and
    Pedro Afonso; * 1280-?;
008 1291 1325-1357 Afonso IV o Bravo = Alphonso the Brave;
s(007); * 8/2 1291; † 28/5 1357 in Lissabon;
King from 7/1 1325;
Crowned in Santarém;

Beatrice of Castile; * 8/3 1293; m 1309; † 25/10 1359; d Sancho IV of Castile;
children:
1.   Maria de Portugal; * 1313; † 1357; m 1328 Alfonso XI of Castile;
2.   Dinis; * 1317; † 1318;
3.   Pedro I (009); * 1320; † 1367;
4.   Isabel; * 1324; † 1326;
5.   João; * 1326; † 1327;
6.   Leonor = Eleanor; * 1328; † 1348;
   m 1347 King Pedro IV of Aragon (his 2nd m);

King Afonso had the illegitimate daughter Maria Afonso; * 1316; m 1330; † 1384;
Married Fernando of Castile;
009 1320 1357-1367 Pedro I of Portugal = Pedro I o Cruel = Pedro I o Justiceiro = Peter the Just = Peter the Cruel = Pedro I den Strænge;
s(008); * 8/4 1320; † 18/1 1367 at Estremoz;
King from 28/5 1357;

Branca; * 1319; m(1) 1325; m. annulled 1330; † 1375; d Pedro of Castile - a son of King Sancho IV of Castile;

Constança Manuel; * 1318; m(2) 1336 or 1339 (with proxy), m. in person 24/8 1339; † 1345; d Duke Juan Manuel (additional titles included the names Castela, Peñafiel, Cuéllar, Villena, Escalona etc.) (Sp. 011-7c-i); † 1345;
children :
1.   Luis; *1340; † died same year;
2.   Mary; * 6/4 1342; † after 1367;
   m 1354 Fernando of Aragon;
3.   Fernando (010); * 31/10 1345; † 22/10 1383;

Inês de Castro = Ignez de Castro; * 1320; m(3) 1354; † 1355 murdered on husband's father's demand;
Inês parents were Pedro Fernández de Castro (-1343) and Aldonça Lourenço;
children :
4.   Afonso; * 1346; † same year;
5.   Beatriz; * 1347; † 1381;
   m 1373 Count Sancho de Castela, son of King Alfons XI of Castile (Sp-C015);
6.   João, Duke of Valencia, Count of Viseu; * 1349; † 1397;
     m(1) Mary Tellez; d Martin Alphonso Telles de Meneses;
     m(2) Constanca; d King Henry II of Castile;
7.   Dinis; * 1354; † 1397; claimed the crown 1383 when (010) died;

Theresa Lourenco; not queen; d Lourenco Martins;
child :
8.   João (011), * 11/4 1357; † 14/8 1433; Grand Master of the Order of Aviz from 1383; elected king 1385;
010 1345 1367-1383 Fernando I;
s(009); * 31/10 1345; † 22/10 1383;
King from 18/1 1367;

Leonor Teles de Meneses; * 1340 c.; † 27/4 1386; m 1371; d Martim Afonso Telo de Menenses og Aldonça Anes de Vasconcelos;
she had a husband, when Ferdinand fell in love with her; she obtained a divorce from m(1); after the m(2) to the king she produced one daughter - took a lover and became unpopular and retired into the Tordesillas convent.
children some uncertainty about the childrens' dates:
1.   Beatriz; * 1372; † 1408 or 1412;
   m 1383 King Juan = Johhn I of Castile; his m(2);
2.   Pedro; * 1375; † 1380;
3.   Afonso; * 1382; † died 4 days later.
011 1357 1385-1433 João I O de boa Memória = John I of Portugal;
s(009) illegitimate; * 11/4 1357; † 14/8 1433;
First king of the Avis line;
King from 6/4 1385;

Filipa de Lencastre = Philippa of Lancaster; * 31/3 1360; m 1387; † 9/7 1415; d Edward III's son, John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster;
children :
  1.   Branca; * 1388; † 1389;
  2.   Afonso; * 1390; † 1400;
  3.   Duarte = Edward (012); * 1391; † 1438;
  4.   Pedro, Duque de Coimbra = Peter (011a); * 1392; † 1449;
  5.   Henrique, 1° Duque de Viseu = Henry the Navigator, Duke of Viseu, Grand Master of the Order of Christ; * 1394; † 1460;
  6.   Isabel; * 1397; † 1471;
   m 1429 Duke Philip III of Burgundy 1398-1467;
  7.   João = John (011b); * 1400; † 1442;
  8.   Fernando, o Infante Santo = Ferdinand; * 1402; † 1443 during captivity in North Africa (from 1437;

Inês Pires = Agnes Perez; who was not queen;
children :
  9.   Afonso I, 1° Duque de Bragança = Alphonso I (021a);
10.   Beatriz; * 1386 c.; † 1447;
   m Count FitzAlan of Arundel
011a 1392 - Pedro, 1° Duque de Coimbra;
s(011); * 9/12 1392; † 20/5 1449 in battle of Alfarrobeira;
Regent for Afonso V (013) from 1439 to 1446;
Duke of Coimbra;

Isabella; * 1409; m 13/9 1428; † 11/12 1470; d Count James II of Urgel;
children :
1.   Pedro = Peter V of Aragon (disputed); * 23/10 1429; † 29/6 1466;
2.   João = John, Duke of Coimbra, Prince of Antioch; * 1431; † 11/9 1457;
   m 1436 Charlotte 1442-1487; d King John II of Cyprus;
3.   Isabel de Portugal; * 1/3 1432; † 1455;
   m Afonso V (013);
4.   Jaime = James, Archbishop of Lisbon and Cardinal; * 1434, † 1459;
5.   Beatriz de Coimbra; * 1434; † 1459;
   m Adolfo de Clèves = Adolph of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein.
6.   Filipa; * 1/6 1437; † 25/7 1493;
011b 1400 - João = John;
s(011); * 1400; † 1442;

Isabel de Bragança e Pereira = Isabel de Barcelos; † 1465; d Duke Afonso I of Bragança (021a), his half-brother;
children :
1.   Diogo de Portugal, Constable of Portugal; * 1425; † 1443;
2.   Isabel de Portugal; * 1428; † 1496;
   m 1447 Johan II of Castile;
3.   Beatriz de Portugal; * 13/6 1430; † 1506;
   m Infante Fernando (012a), Duque de Viseu;
4.   Filipa de Portugal, 1st Lady of Almada; * 1432; † 1444;
012 1388 or
1391
1433-1438 Duarte I = Edward I;
s(011); * 31/10 1391; † 9/9 1438;
King from 14/8 1433;

Eleanor; † 1445; m 1428; d King Ferdinand I of Aragon & Sicily;
she was regent for the infant Afonso until 1439, when (011a) became Regedor until 1441;
children :
1.   Afonso (013);
2.   Ferdinand Duke of Viseu (012a); * 1433; † 1470;
3.   Eleanor; * 1434 or 8/9 1436; † 1467 or 3/9 1476;
   m Emperor Frederick III of Germany;
    also Austrian Duke as Friedrich V;
4.   Joanna = Johanne, * 1439; † 1475;
   m 1455 Henry IV of Castile;
012a 1433 - Infante Fernando;
s(012); * 17/11 1433; † 18/09 1470;
Duke de Viseu, Senhor de Beja + Covilhã + Moura;
6rd Constabel of Portugal;

Beatriz de Portugal; * 13/06 1430; m 1452; † 1506; d. João (011b)
children :
1.   João de Viseu, Duke of Viseu + Beja; * 1448; † 1472;
2.   Diogo de Viseu, Duke of Viseu; * 1450/1451; † 1484 killed by King John II;
   Member of a conspiracy for murdering the King, he was killed personally by the King;
3.   Duarte de Viseu;
4.   Dinis de Viseu;
5.   Simão de Viseu;
6.   Leonor de Viseu; * 1458; † 1525;
   m 1471 King João II of Portugal (014);
7.   Isabel de Viseu; * 1459; † 1521;
   m Fernando II, Duke of Bragança (021c);
8.   Manuel (015), Duke of Viseu + Beja; later king;
9.   Catarina de Viseu;
013 1432 1438-1481 Afonso V, o Africano = Afonso the African;
s(012); * 15/1 1432; † 28/8 1481;
King of Portugal from 9/9 1438 (date of coronation);
He called himself King of Castile after King Henry IV's died in 1474;

Isabel d Lencastre = Isabel de Avis; * 1432; m 6/5 1448 his niece; † 2/12 1455; d Duke Pedro of Coimbra (011a);
children :
1.   João; * 29/1 1451; † died in early childhood;
2.   Joana; * 6/2 1452; † 12/5 1490; became a nun in a Dominican convent;
3.   João II (014); * 3/5 1455; † 25/10 1495;

Joana de Trstâmara = Joana a Beltraneja (Beltraneja is a derogatory remark relating to gossip about her biological father);
* 28/2 1462; † 12/4 1530;
014 1455 1481-1495 João II o Principe Perfeito = Johan den Perfekte;
s(013); * 3/3 1455; † 25/10 1495;
King from 1477 when his father temporarily abdicated the throne;
King Afonso V was reinstated after his return, and João II became king a second time when Afonso died 28/8 1481;

Eleanor; * 1458; † 1525; m 1471; d Duke Ferdinand of Viseu (012a);
child :
1.   Afonso; * 18/5 1475; † 13/7 1491 after riding accident;
   m 3/12 1490 to Isabel, * 1470; † 1498;
   daughter of Fernando and Isabel of Spain (Sp. A20);
   Isabel m(2) King Manuel I (015);

Anna de Mendonça;
child outside marriage :
2.   Jorge; * 21/8 1481; † 22/7 1550; became Master of the Order of Avis and of the Order of Santiago
   m Beatriz de Vilhena (brother to the 3rd Duke of Bragança;
015 1469 1495-1521 Manuel I, o Venturoso = Emmanuel the Fortunate = Emanuel den Store;
s(012a); * 31/5 1469; † 13/12 1521 by the plague;
Duke of Beja; Duke of Viseu
King from 25/10 1495;
Discovery of the south of Africa route to India by Vasco da Gama;

Isabella; * 2/10 1470; m(1) 1497; † 28/8 1498; her second marriage; d Ferdinand II of Aragon (Spain A20 = 025);
child :
  1.   Miguel da Paz = Michael; * 24/8 1498; † 19/7 1500;

Isabella and Maria are sisters;

Maria; * 29/6 1482; m(2) 1500; † 7/3 1517; sister to m(1); d King Ferdinand V of Castile & (II of) Aragon;
children :
  2.   João III (016); * 6/6 1502; † 11/6 1557;
  3.   Isabel = Elizabeth; * 24/10 1503; † 1/5 1539;
     m 1526 Charles V King of Spain, Emperor Holy Roman Empire;
     Archduke of Austria as Charles I;
     their son Philip became King of Portuagl (019) from 1580 and King of Spain from 1556;
  4.   Beatriz; * 31/12 1504; † 8/1 1538;
     m 1521 Duke Charles III of Savoy = Carlos III;
  5.   Luis = Louis, Duke of Beja; * 3/3 1506; † 7/11 1534; his illegitimate s António proclaimed king 1580; died in exile 1595;
  6.   Fernando, Duke of Guarda; * 5/6 1507; † 7/11 1534;
     m 1529 Guyomar -1534, d Francis de Coutinh;
  7.   Afonso; * 23/4 1509; † 21/4 1540; Cardinal of Portugal;
  8.   Maria; * 1511; † 1513;
  9.   Henrique I = Henry I (018); * 31/1 1512; † 31/1 1580;
10.   Duarte = Edward, Duke of Guimarães (015a); * 7/10 1515; † 20/9 1540;
     m 1537 Isabel, d Duke of Bragança;
11.   António; * 9/9 1516; † died shortly after birth;

Leonor = Eleonor; * 15/11 1498; † 25/2 1558; m(3) 1518; a niece to m(1+2); d King Philip I of Castile;
   She m(2) King Francois I of France;
children :
12.   Carlos; * 18/2 1520; † 15/4 1521;
13.   Maria; * 18/6 1521; † 10/10 1577;
015a 1515 - Duarte, Duque o Guimarães = Edward, Duke of Guimaraes;
s(015); * 7/10 1515; † 20/9 1540;

Isabel o Bragança;; † 1576; m 23/4 1537, d Jaime I o B. (021d);
children :
1.   Maria; * 8/11 1538; † 8/7 1577;
   m 1565 Duke Alexander Farnese of Parma & Piacenza;
2.   Catarina; * 18/1 1540; † 15/11 1614;
   m 1563 João I (021f);
3.   Duarte II Duque o Guimarães = Edward; * 1541; † 28/11 1576;
016 1502 1521-1557 João III o Piedoso = John III = Johan den Fromme;
s(015); * 6/6 1502; † 11/6 1557
King from 13/12 1521;

Catarina; * 14/1 1507; m 1525; † 12/2 1578; d Philip I of Castile = Grand Duke Philip of Austria;
children :
1.   Afonso; * 24/2 1526; † March 1526;
2.   Maria; * 15/10 1527; † 12/8 1545;
   m 1543 Philip II of Spain (Spain 027);
   Became King of Portugal from 1/2 1580; (019);
3.   Isabel; * 28/5 1529; † died young;
4.   Beatriz; * 15/2 1530; † died young;
5.   Manuel; * 1/11 1531; † 14/4 1537;
6.   Filipe; * 25/3 1533; † 29/4 1539;
7.   Dinis; * 6/4 1535; † 1/1 1537;
8.   João (016a); * 3/6 1537; † 2/1 1554;
   m 1552 Joana, d Charles V of Spain;
9.   António; * 9/3 1539; † 20/1 1540;

Isabel Moniz; mistress;
illegitimate child :
10.   Duarte; * 1521; † 1543;
016a 1537 - João Manuel= John of Portugal;
s(016); * 1537; † 1554
Prince of Portugal;

Joana de Austria = Joanna of Austria; * 1537; † 1573; m 1552; d Charles V of Spain (Spain 026-5.) = Link to Naples (Nap. 35B);
child :
1.   Sebastian (017);
017 1554 1557-1578 Sebastião I, o Desejado = Sebastian den Ønskede = Sebastian the Wished;
s(016a); * 20/1 1554; † 4/8 1578 in battle;
King from 11/6 1557, the last king of the Avis line;
Died unmarried and childless;
018 1512 1578-1580 Henrique o Casto = Henrik den Kyske = Henry the Chaste;
s(015); * 31/1 1512; † 31/1 1580;
Regent for Sebastião I from 1562 to 1568;
King from 4/8 1578; was cardinal until monarch;
Crowned 28/8 1578;

Sebastian request permission from the Pope to renounce his religious vows and get married in order to continue his dynasty. However, Pope Gregor was related to the Habsburg House, and with the Habsburger King Filipe I of Spain as an heir to the Portuguese throne the Pope saw no reason for Sebastian's demand;
019 1527 1580-1598 Filipe I de Portugal, o Prudente = Phelipe II rey de Castel, el Prudente = Philip II of Spain;
s(Spain026, Germany 047); * 21/5 1527, † 13/9 1598;
King of Spain as Philip II from 16/1 1556;
King of Portugal as Philip I from 1/2 1580;
Philip II is registered as (147) in Germany.

Maria Manuela de Portugal = Mary of Portugal, * 15/10 1527, m(1) 15/11 1543, † 12/8 1545 - 4 days after childbirth;
child :
1.   Carlos de Espanha, Prince of Asturias; * 8/7 1545, † 24/7 1568;

Mary I, Queen of England, * 18/2 1516, m(2) 25/7 1554, † 17/11 1558;
no children;

Isabel of Valois = Elisabeth of Valois, * 2/4 1545, m(3) 1559, † 3/10 1568 - died few hours after last childbirth;
children:
(Miscarried twin daughters 0/8 1564);
2.   Isabella, * 12/8 1566; † 1/12 1633;
     m 1599 Archduke Cardinal Albert VII of Austria, 1559-1621;
3.   Catarina Micaela, * 10/10 1567; † 6/11 1597;
     m 11/3 1585 Carlo Emanuele di Savoia = Duke Charles Emanuel I of Savoy, * 12/1 1562 † 26/7 1630;
(Misrarried daughter 3/10 1568);

Anna Maria of Austria, d Maximilian II of Germany; * 1/11 1549, m(4) May 1570 by proxy, † 26/10 1580; Philip's cousin;
children :
4.   Fernando = Ferdinand of Asturias, * 4/12 1571, † 18/10 1578;
5.   Carlos Lorenzo, * 12/8 1573, † 30/6 1575;
6.   Diego Félix = Diego of Asturias, * 15/8 1575, † 21/11 1582;
7.   Filipe II = Philip III of Spain; (Por020)+(Sp028); * 14/4 1578, † 31/3 1621;
8.   Maria, * 14/2 1580, † 5/8 1583;

Philip had a further 4 registered children born out of wedlock. However, during his fourth marrriage he remained faithful to his wife.
020 1578 1598-1621 Fiip II de Portugal, o Piedoso = Philip III, the Pious, of Spain;
s(019, Spain 027); * 14/4 1578; † 31/3 1621;
King in Spain as Philip III from 13/9 1598 and King of Naples;
King in Portugal as Philip II from 13/9 1598;

Margaretha of Austria; * 25/12 1584; † 3/10 1611; m 1599; cousin; d Charles of Styria;
children :
1.   Ana de Austria = Anne; *22/9 1601; † 20/1 1666;
   m 24/11 1615 (by proxy) King Louis XIII of France;
2.   Maria; * 1/2 1603; † 2/2 1603;
3.   Philip (021); * 8/4 1605; † 17/9 1665;
4.   Maria Ana; * 18/8 1606; † 13/5 1646;
   m 20/1 1631 Ferdinand III, later emperor of the Holy Roman Empire;
5.   Carlos = Charles; * 14/9 1607; † 30/7 1632;
6.   Ferdinand; * 16/5 1609; † 9/11 1641; became a cardinal;
7.   Margarida = Margaret Frances; * 24/5 1610; † 11/3 1617;
8.   Afonso = Alphonse Maurice; * 22/9 1611; † 16/9 1612;
021 1605 1621-1640 Filipe III de Portugal = Philip III of Portugal and IV of Spain;
s(020, Spain 028); * 8/4 1605; † 17/9 1665;
The King had the bynames: o Gordo, o Grande, o Rei Planeta = Den Tykke, Den Store, Planetkongen;
King of Spain from 31/3 1621;
King of Portugal from 31/3 1621;
Deposed in Portugal 1/12 1640;

Elisabeth of France, * 1602, m(1) 1615, † 1644; d King Henry IV;
children :
  1.   Maria Margarida, * 14/8 1621, † 14/8 1621;
  2.   Margarida Maria Catalina, * 25/11 1623, † 29/12 1623;
  3.   Maria Eugenia, * 21/11 1625, † 21/7 1627;
  4.   Isabel Maria Teresa, * 31/10 1627, † 1/11 1627;
  5.   Baltasar Carlos Prince of Asturias, * 17/10 1629, † 9/10 1646;
  6.   Maria Ana Antonia, * 17/1 1635, † 5-6/12 1636;
  7.   Maria Teresa, * 20/9 1638, † 30/7 1683;
   m 1660 Louis XIV of France;

Maria Ana = Maria Anna of Austria, * 22/12 1634, m(2) 1649, † 16/5 1696; d Ferdinand III of Germany;
children :
  8.   Margarida Maria Theresa, * 12/7 1651, † 12/3 1673;
   m 1666 Leopold I, (Germany054);
  9.   Maria Ambrosia, * 7/12 1655, † 20/12 1655;
10.   Felipe Próspero, * 5/12 1657, † 1/11 1661;
11.   Fernando (Tomas Carlos), * 23/12 1658, † 22/10 1659;
12.   Carlos II, (Spain030); * 6/11 1661, † 1/11 1700; King of Spain;

The King had a further 11 illegitimate children with diverse mothers;
 
Dukes of Bragança until they become monarchs (022)
 
No. Born Ruled Duke's name and relations
Duchess' name and relations
021a 1370 1443-1461 Afonso I de Bragança = Alphonso I Braganza;
s(011); * 1380 ?; † 15/12 1461; born as illegitimate son, legitimized 1401;
First Duke of Braganza from 1443;

Beatriz Pereira de Alvim = Beatrix; * 1380; m(1) 1/11 1401; † 1420;
   d Nuno Álvares Pereira, Constable of Portugal;
children :
1.   Afonso, Count of Ourém and Marquess of Valença; * 1400; † 9/8 1460;
2.   Isabel of Bragança = Isabel de Pereira; 0/10 1402; † 26/10 1465;
   m 1424 infante João, Constable of Portugal (011b);
3.   Fernando, Second Duke of Bragança (021b); * 1403; † 1/4 1478;

Constança de Noronha; * 1395 m(2) 1420; † 1480;
   d Afonso Henriques, Count of Gijón and Noronha;
021b 1403 1461-1478 Fernando I de Bragança = Ferdinand I of Bragança;
s(021a); * 1403; † 1478;
Duke of Bragança from 1461;

Joana de Castro; m 1429; † 1479; d of João de Castro;
children :
1.   Fernando II (021c); * 1430 c.; † 1483;
2.   João, Marquis de Montemor-o-Novo, Constable of Portugal; * 1435; executed in effigie 1483;
3.   Afonso, Count of Faro; * 1435 c.; † unknown;
4.   Alvaro; exiled 1483; returned after 1495 (King João II's death);
5.   António; died young;
6.   Isabel; died young;
7.   Beatriz;
   m Pedro Menese, I. Marquis of Vila Real;
8.   Guiomar, Countess of Viana o Alentejo.
9.   Catarina; died young;
021c 1430 1478-1483 Fernando II de Bragança = Ferdinand II the African;
s(021b); * 1430; † 1483 - executed;
Third Duke of Bragança from 1478;

Eleanor; * 1430; m(1) 1447; † 1452; d Pedro Meneses, Admiral of Portugal;

Isabel de Viseu; * 1459; m(2) 1472; † 1521; d Duke Fernando of Viseu - 1470 (012a);
child :
1.   Filipe; died young;
2.   Jaime (021d); † 1532;
3.   Diniz, Count of Lemos;
4.   Margarida;
021d 1479 1483-1532 Jaime I, Duque de Bragança = James I of Bragança;
s(021c); * 1479; † 1532;
Duke of Bragança;

Leonor Guzmán; m(1) 1502; † 1512; d Juan Alonso Pérez de Gusmán y de Ribera, Duque de Medina Sidónia;
children :
  1.   Teodósio I de Bragança (021e); * 1502; † 1563;
  2.   Isabel de Bragança; * 1504?; † 1576;
   m Infante Duarte de Portugal, Duque de Guimarães;

Joana de Mendonça; m(2) 1520; † 1580; d Diego de Mendonça;
children :
  3.   Joana de Bragança; * 1528; † 1588;
  4.   Constantion de Bragança; * 1528; † 1575; becam viceroy in India;
  5.   Jaime;
  6.   Fulgêncio de Bragança; Prior in Nossa Senhora da Oliveira College;
  7.   Teotónio de Bragança; Archbishop of Évora;
  8.   Eugénia de Bragança; m. Francisco de Melo, 2 Marquis of Ferreira;
  9.   Maria de Bragança;
10.   Vicência de Bragança;
021e 1502 1532-1563 Theodosius I of Bragança;
s(021d); * 1502; † 1563;
Duke of Bragança;

Isabel de Lencastre; * 1513; m(1) 1542; † 1558; d Count Dinis de Portugal;
child :
1.   João I, 6 Duque de Bragança; (021f); † 1583;

Beatriz de Lencatre; * 1542; m(2) 1559; † 1623; d Luis de Lencastre;
children :
2.   Jaime de Bragança; * 1559 ?; † 1578 in battle;
3.   Isabel de Bragança; * 1560 ?;
   m Miguel Luis de Meneses; * 1565; † 1637; 1 Duque de Caminha;
021f 1543 1563-1583 João I of Bragança = John of Braganza;
s(021e); * 1543; † 1583;
Duque of Bragança;

Catarina de Portugal (021d-1-a); * 1540; m 1563; † 1614; d Infante Duarte de Guimarães (015-8.);
children :
1.   Maria de Bragança;
2.   Serafina de Bragança; * 1566; † ?; m 1594 Duque João Fernando de Escalona;
3.   Teodósio II (021g); * 1568; † 1630;
4.   Duarte de Portugal; * 1569; † 1627;
     m(1) 1596 Beatriz Álvarez de Toledo;
     m(2) Guiomar Pardo y Tavera; † 1622;
5.   Alexander de Bragança; * 1570 ?; † 1608; Archbishop of Evora
6.   Querubina de Bragança; * 1572; † 1580;
7.   Angélina de Bragança; * 1573; † 1576;
8.   Maria de Bragança; * 1573; † 1573;
9.   Filipe de Bragança; * 1581; † 1608;
021g 1568 1583-1630 Teodósio II de Bragança;
s(021f); * 1568; † 1630;
Duke Theodius II of Bragança;

Ana Fernandez de Velasco y Girón; * 1585 c.; m 1603; † 1607; d Juan Fernandéz de Velasco;
children :
1.   João II, 8 Duque de Bragança (022, king as No. IV); * 1604; † 1656;
2.   Duarte de Bragança, Lord of Vila do Conde; * 1605; † 1649;
3.   Catarina de Bragança; * 1606; † 1610;
4.   Alexandre de Bragança; * 1607; † 1637;
 
Dukes of Bragança became monarchs from (022)
 
No. Born Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations
022 1604 1640-1656 João IV, o Restaurador = John IV;
s(021g); * 19/3 1604; † 6/11 1656;
King from 15/12 1640;

Louísa Maria Francisca de Gusmão e Sandoval; * 1613; m 1635; † 1666; d João Manuel Pérez de Gusmán, Duque de Medina Sidonia;
She became regent for her son Afonso;
children :
1.   Teodósio, Prince of Brazil; * 1634; † 1653; no children;
2.   Ana; * 1635; † 1635 (on his day of birth);
3.   Joana, Princess of Beira; * 1636; † 1653;
4.   Catarina de Bragança; * 1638; † 1705;
   m Charles II of England;
5.   Manuel; * 1640; † 1640 (on his day of birth);
6.   Afonso (023); * 1643; † 1683;
7.   Pedro (024); * 1648; † 1706;

illegitimate child :
8.   Maria; * 1644; † 1693; became a nun;
023 1643 1656-1667 Afonso VI = Alphonse VI;
s(022); * 21/8 1643; † 12/9 1683 imprisoned;
King from 6/11 1656;
Deposed 23/9 1667;

Maria Francisca Isabel de Saboia; * 21/6 1646; † 27/12 1683;
   m(1) 19/8 1666; marriage annulled 1668; Her second marriage was to (024).
   d Duke Charles-Amédée de Savoie-Nemours = Charles Amadeus of Savoy Nemours;
024 1648 1667-1706 Pedro II, o Pacifico = Peter II, the Peaceful;
s(022); * 26/4 1648; † 1/12 or 9/12 1706;
Regent from earliest 22/11 and latest 26/11 1667;
King from 12/9 1683;

Maria Francisca Isabel de Saboia; * 1646; m(1) 2/4 1668; † 1683;
d Duke Charles Amadeus of Savoy Nemours;
Maria's first m was to (023);
child :
1.   Isabel Luisa, Princess of Beira; * 1669; † 1690;

Mary Sophia; * 1666; m(2) 1687; † 1699;
d Elector Palatine Philip William of Pfalz-Neuburg † 1699;
children :
2.   João de Bragança, Prince of Brazil; * 1688; † 1688;
3.   João V (025); * 22/10 1689; † 31/7 1750;
4.   Francisco Xavier de Bragança; * 1691; † 1742;
5.   António Francisco; * 1695; † 1757;
6.   Teresa; * 1696; † 1704;
7.   Manuel Bartolomeu; * 1697; † 1766; pretender to the Polish throne;
8.   Francisca Josefa; * 1699; † 1736;

Pedro got:
Luisa de Bragança; * 1679; † 1732 with Maria da Cruz Mascarenhas. Luisa was acknowledged as ligitimate 25/5 1691;
Miguel de Bragança; * 1699; † 1724; with Anne Marie Armande Pastré de Verger; Miguel was acknowledged as ligitimate 1704;
José Carlos; * 1703; † 1756; with Francisca Clara Silva; José was acknowledged as ligitimate and became archbishop of Braga;
025 1689 1706-1750 João V = John V of Portugal = Rex Fidelissimus;
s(024); * 22/10 1689; † 31/7 1750;
Regent from 9/12 1706;
Crowned King from 1/1 1707;

Maria Ana Josefa = Maria Anna; * 7/9 1683; m 1708; † 14/8 1754;
d Leopold I of Germany 1754;
children :
1.   Maria Bárbara; * 1711; † 1758;
   m 1729 Ferdinand VI of Spain;
2.   Pedro, Prince of Brazil; * 1712; † 1714;
3.   José (026); * 6/6 1714; † 24/2 1777;
4.   Carlos; * 1716; † 1736;
5.   Pedro III (028); *5/7 1717; † 5/3 1786;
6.   Alexandre; * 1723; † 1728;
026 1714 1750-1777 José I, o Reformador = José Francisco António Inácio Norberto Agistino;
s(025); * 6/6 1714; † 24/2 1777;
King from 31/7 1750;
Crowned 8/9 1750;

Mariana Victória de Bourbon; * 1718; m 19/2 1732; † 1781;
d King Filipe V of Spain;
children :
1.   Maria, Queen of Portugal (027); * 17/12 1734; † 20/3 1816;
2.   Maria Ana Francisca Josefa; * 7/6 1736; † 16/5 1813;
3.   Maria Francisca Doroteia; * 21/9 1739; † 14/1 1771;
4.   Maria Francisca Benedita; * 25/7 1746; † 18/8 1829;
   m 21/2 1777 José, Prince of Beira (028-1.); He was her nephew and her cousin!
027 1734 1777-1816 Maria I, o Piedosa = Mary I of Portugal;
d(026); * 17/12 1734; † 20/3 1816;
Queen of Portugal from 24/3 1777 together with husband;
Queen as sole regent from 1786; increasingly lost her brains and in 1792 a group of 17 physicians signed a statement confirming the Queen's reigning incapability.
From 1792 a council of statesmen reigned until the Queen's son, João (later João VI), in 1799 began taking part in Portugal's government;

Peter III of Portugal; = (028) her uncle; * 1717; m 6/6 1760; † 1786; titular king of Portugal;
children as registered in (028) :
1.   José; * 20/8 1761; † 11/9 1788; Prince of Brazil;
   m 21/2 1777 Maria Francisca Benedita (026-3.);
2.   João; * 1763; † 1763;
3.   João VI (029); * 1767; † 1826;
4.   Maria Ana Vitória; * 1768; † 1788;
   m 1785 Gabriel de Bourbon; * 1752; † 1788; s Charles III of Spain;
5.   Maria Clementina; * 1774; † 1776;
6.   Maria Isabel; * 1776; † 1777;
028 1717 1777-1786 Pedro III, o Capacidónio / o Sacristäo / o Edificador = Peter III;
s(025); * 1717; † 25/5 1786;
Titular King from 24/3 1777 on account of marriage to the Queen.
He never took part in Portugal's government - He was the Prince Consort. However, in Portugal he gets the title "King";

Mary I of Portugal, Ruling Queen of Portugal, (027);
children as registered in (027) :
1.   José; * 20/8 1761; † 11/9 1788; Prince of Brazil;
   m 21/2 1777 Maria Francisca Benedita (026-3.);
2.   João; * 1763; † 1763;
3.   João VI (029); * 1767; † 1826;
4.   Maria Ana Vitória; * 1768; † 1788;
   m 1785 Gabriel de Bourbon; * 1752; † 1788; s Charles III of Spain;
5.   Maria Clementina; * 1774; † 1776;
6.   Maria Isabel; * 1776; † 1777;
029 1767 1816-1826 João VI = John VI;
s(027+028); * 13/5 1767; † 10/3 1826;
Prince of Brazil from 1788;
Regent of Portugal from 1792 because of mother's insanity;
King from 20/3 1816 to 19/3 1826;
Ruled from Rio, Brazil, from 22/1 1808 to 3/7 1821; Brazil became independent from 1825;
The King returned to Portugal 3/7 1821 and took the oath to a new Constitution;

Carlota Joaquina Teresa Bourbón = Charlotte Joan Therese; * 25/4 1775; m 1785; † 7/1 1830; d King Charles IV of Spain;
children :
1.   Maria Teresa; * 29/4 1793; † 17/1 1874;
   m(1) 13/5 1810 Prince Pedro Carlos (Sp034-10.); * 18/6 1786; † 4/7 1812; he was her cousin;
   m(2) 1838 Carlos Maria Isidro Benito, Duke of Madrid; * 29/3 1788; † 10/3 1855; he was her uncle and brother-in-law;
2.   Francisco António Pio, Prince of Beira; * 21/3 1795; † 11/6 1801;
3.   Maria Isabel; * 19/5 1797 or 1801; † 29/11 1818;
   m 29/9 1816 King Fernando VII of Spain; * 1772; † 1833;
4.   Pedro de Alcântara Francisco (030); * 12/10 1798; † 24/9 1834;
5.   Maria Francisca de Assis; * 22/4 1800; † 22/4 1876;
6.   Isabel Maria; * 4/7 1801; † 22/4 1876; regent from 6/3 1826 to 26/2 1828;
King João appointed 6/3 1826 Princess Isabel Maria regent of Portugal after his death. However, just for the time it would take the "Cortes"*) to find a new heir apparent;
7.   Miguel Maria do Patrocinio (032); * 26/5 1802; † 14/11 1866;
8.   Maria da Assunção; * 25/6 1805; † 7/1 1834;
9.   Ana de Jesus Maria; * 23/10 1806; † 22/6 1857;
   m 5/12 1827 Duke Nuno José Severo do Mendonça, Duke of Loulé;

*) The "Cortes" was a Portuguese kind of a constitutional council;
030 1798 1826-1826 Pedro IV of Portugal = Pedro I of Brazil;
s(029); * 12/10 1798; † 24/9 1834;
King of Portugal from 10/3 1826;
Abdicated 28/5 1826;
Emperor of Brazil*) from 10/3 1826 to 28/5 1826 after which he took the title of Duke of Bragança;
Regent of Portugal 1833-1834;

Caroline Josepha Leopoldine of Habsburg-Lothringen; * 22/1 1797; m(1) 1817; † 11/12 1826;
She used after marriage the name Maria Leopoldina e leopoldina;
d Emperor Francis I of Austria;
children :
1.   Maria da Glória (031); * 4/4 1819; † 15/11 1853;
2.   Miguel; * and † 24/4 1820;
3.   Joäo Carlos; * 6/3 1821; † 4/2 1822;
4.   Januária Maria; * 11/3 1822; † 13/3 1901;
   m 1844 Prince & Count Luigi Carlo Maria Guiseppe = Louis of Aquila, 1824-1897, s King Francis I of The Two Sicilies;
5.   Paula Mariana; * 17/2 1826; † 16/1 1833;
6.   Francisca Carolina; * 2/8 1824; † 27/3 1898;
   m 1843 Prince François Ferdinand of Joinville, 1818-1900, s of King Louis Philippe of France;
7.   Pedro II of Brazil; * 2/12 1825; † 5/12 1891; Emperor from 7/4 1831 to 1889;
   m(1) 1843 Thérèse-Christine Maria, 1822-1889; d King Francis I of Two Sicilies; they got:
     a) Alfons Pedro, Crown Prince of Brazil, * 1845;

Amelia Augusta Eugénia, Duchess of Leuchtenberg; * 31/7 1812; m(2) 1829; † 26/1 1873;
d Eugène Rose, Viceroy of Italy, Duke Beauharnais of Leuchtenberg;
children :
8.   Maria Amélia; * 1/12 1831; † 4/2 1853;

Pedro got 4 children with Domitilia de Castro e Melo (1797-1867):
Isabel Maria de Alcântara (1797-1867);
Pedro de Alcântara (1825-1826);
Maria Isabel de Alcântara (1827-1828);
Maria Isabel II Alcântara (1830-1896);
Pedro got with Baroness Maria Bendita de Canto Castro e Melo (1792-1857):
Rodrigo Delfim Pereira; * 4/11 1823; † 31/1 1891; became Brazilian minister in Berlin, Paris and Hamburg;

*) Brazil declared its independence 1822-12-02.
According to the Brazilian Constitution, the Emperor could not hold another crown. According to Portuguese acts a person who had acted contrary to Portuguese interests could not hold the throne. Pedro had to abdicate the Poruguese crown.
031 1819 1826-1828 and
1834-1853
Maria II, a Educadora, (Maria da Gloria);
d(030); * 4/4 1819; † 15/11 1853 died in childbirth;
As Pedro could not hold the throne he abdicated the Portuguese throne;
Queen from May 28/5 1826 to June 1828 - first period - after which her uncle / husband Miguel (032) usurped the throne;

At the same time her uncle Miguel living in Austria became claimant to the throne;
Princess Isabel Maria (029-6) allowed 1826 her one year younger brother Miguel (029-7) to come to Portugal on condition that he engaged his niece Maria da Gloria (030-1) and took an oath to the Constitution, which he did;

Queen from May 19/12 1834 to 15/11 1853 - second period;

Augusto, Duke of Leuchtenberg, Duke of Santa Cruz; * 1810; m (1) 1/12 1834 by proxy and 26/1 1835; † 28/3 1835;

Fernando II, * 29/10 1816; m(2) 9/4 1836; † 29/10 1885;
Titular King from 16/9 1837 after the birth of their first son; Fernando became four times regent during the Queen's pregnancy and after the Queen's death, and during their son King Luis absence;
Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and listed under Belgium; children :
  1.   Pedro V (033); * 16/9 1837; † 11/11 1861;
  2.   Luis I (034); * 31/10 1838; † 19/10 1889;
  3.   Maria; * 4/10 1840; † 4/10 1840;
  4.   João, Duke of Beja, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; * 16/3 1842; † 27/12 1861;
  5.   Maria Ana; * 21/3 1843; † 5/2 1884;
     m 11/5 1859 King George I of Saxony, 1832-1904;
  6.   Antónia; * 17/2 1845; † 27/12 1913;
     m 12/9 1861 Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, 1835-1905;
  7.   Fernando; * 23/7 1846; † 6/11 1861;
  8.   Augusto, Duke of Coimbra, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha; * 4/11 1847; † 26/9 1889;
  9.   Leopoldo; * 7/5 1849; † 7/5 1849;
10.   Maria; * 3/2 1851; † 3/2 1851;
11.   Eugénio; * 15/11 1853; † 15/11 1853;
032 1802 1828-1834 Miguel I, o Absolutista = Michael I;
s(029); * 26/5 1802; † 14/11 1866 at Jagdschloss Karlsröle, Esselbach, Württemberg;
Duke of Beia;
When Pedro IV abdicated the Portuguese throen, Miguel lived in Austria and immediately claimed the right to the Portuguese throne;
Regent Isabel Maria (029-6) abdicated the regency 22/2 1826 and commited the government to Miguel;
Miguel annulled the Constitution 26/2 1826 and dissolved 13/3 1826 the "Cortes" and called for a new Cortes;
The new Cortes proclaimed 25/6 1826 Miguel King of a new absolute monarchy;
Miguel married 29/10 1826 Maria II and became Regent / King of Portugal from 29/10 1826 to 24/9 1834;
Shortly after the declaration of the new King, a civil war broke out and lasted until Miguel was deposed in 1834;
Deposed by Act of Parliament 19/12 1834 and exiled;
The Act was repealed 1950!

From 1826 he was for some years betrothed to his niece Maria II.

Adelaide; * 03/04 1831; m 1851; † 16/12 1909; d heriditary Prince Constantine of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg;
children :
1.   Maria das Neves; * 05/08 1852; † 15/02 1941;
   m 1871; Prince Alphonso of Spain, Duke of S. Jaime, 1849-1936;
2.   Miguel Januário; * 19/09 1853; † 11/10 1927;
     m(1) 1877 Elizabeth, 1800-1881; d Maximilian, Prince of Thurn & Taxiz; they got 2 children;
     m(2) 1893 Theresa; 1870-1935; d Prince Charles of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg; they got 4 children;
3.   Maria Teresa; * 24/08 1855; † 12/02 1944;
   m 1873 Archduke Charles Louis of Austria, 1833-1896; his third wife;
4.   Maria José; * 19/03 1857; † 11/03 1943;
   m 1874 Duke Charles Theodore in Bavaria, 1839-1909; his second wife;
5.   Aldegundes; * 10/11 1858; † 15/04 1946;
   m Prince Henry of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi; s Charles III of Parma;
6.   Maria Ana; * 13/07 1861; † 31/07 1942;
   m 1893 Grandduke William of Luxembourg, 1832-1912;
7.   Maria Antónia; * 28/11 1862; † 14/05 1959;
   m 1884 Duke Robert of Parma, 1848-1907; his second wife;

He had a further two illegitimate children: Maria da Assução; * 12/3 1831; † 9/7 1897, legitimated 1839; AND Maria de Jesus; * 1833 or 1834; † 18/11 1910;
033 1837 1853-1861 Pedro V, o Esperançoso;
s(031); * 16/9 1837; † 11/11 1861;
King from 15/11 1853;

Stephanie; * 15/7 1837; m 1858; † 17/7 1859; d Prince Charles Anthony of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen;
034 1838 1861-1889 Luis I, o Popular = Ludvig Philip;
s(031); * 31/10 1838; † 19/10 1889;
Duke of Oporto,
King from 11/11 1861;

Maria Pia de Saboia; * 1847; m 6/10 1862; † 1911;
d King Victor Emanuel II of Italy;
children :
1.   Carlos I (035); * 28/9 1863; † 1/2 1908;
2.   Afonso Henriques, Duke of Oporto; * 31/7 1865; † 21/2 1920;
   m (morganastic) 26/9 1917 Nevada Stoody Hayes, 1885-1941; She took as married name: Nevada de Brangança;
035 1863 1889-1908 Carlos I, o Diplomata = Charles I;
s(034); * 28/9 1863; † 1/2 1908 murdered;
King from 19/10 1889;
Duke of Bragança;

Marie Amélie Louise d'Orléans; * 28/9 1865; m 22/5 1896; † 25/10 1951;
d Count Louis-Philippe-Albert d'Orléans (1838-1894);
children :
1.   Luis Filipe; * 21/3 1887; † 1/2 1908 murdered;
2.   Maria Ana; 14/12 1887 (prematurely born, died shortly after birth);
3.   Manuel (036); * 15/11 1889; † 2/7 1932;

Child with Maria Amélia Laredó e Murça:
4.   Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburg e Bragança; * 13/3 1907; † 6/5 1995;
She worked as journalist and author under the pseudonym Hilda da Toledano;
036 1889 1908-1910 Manuel II;
s(035); * 15/11 1889; † 2/7 1932 Twickenham UK;
Duke of Beja until king;
King from 1/2 1908;
Deposed after a coup 5/10 1910; exiled;

Augusta Victória of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen; * 19/8 1890; m 4/9 1913(1); † 29/8 1966;
Grandchild of Maria II and Fernando II (031);
Augusta Victória re-m 13/4 1939 Count Robert of Douglas;
no children ;




Opdateret d. 14.12.2015
Back to reference front page
Back to top
Back to front page of history pages
Back to front page