|Admiralty court "A court having jurisdiction over controversies arising out of the navigation of public waters."||admiralitetsret|
|poppets. "Those pieces of timber which are fixed perpendicularly between the ship's bottom and the bilgeways at the foremost and aftermost parts of the ship to support it when being launched. They are parts of the cradle||afløbningsstøtte|
|drag: The designed excess in draft aft over that forward||amning|
|awning deck. A deck fitted from bow to stern on a light superstructure. The space below it is completely closed in, and may be used for passengers or for the stowage of small or light cargo||awningdæk|
|sunk forecastle and a sunk poop - a deck which is raised only a partial deck height above the level of the upper or weather deck||bak|
|Dead-reckoning. "The bearings are taken to check the dead-reckoning whereby one understands the tracing on the chart all the courses steered and the distance run on each course, taking into consideration also the estimated drift by winds and currents."||bestik|
|boat deck = uppermost deck of light construction, on which lifeboats are stowed. It is allso used as a promenade space for passengers.||brodæk|
|bridge deck = a deck extending from side to side of a vessel over a comparatively short length amidships, forming the top of a bridge house or partial superstructure||brodæk|
|cutwater. A timber bolted to the forward side of the stem in wooden ships||cutwater|
|final diameter. The diameter of a ship when turning, is the diameter of the circular path which the ship traverse if the helm is kept over. When the path becomes a circle it can be measured between any two opposite points||drejecirkel|
|mooring post or mooring piles or cluster piles or dolphins or Duc d'Albe. All names for a cluster of piles, usually in a series, to which vessels may be moored or tied up, fore and aft, not swinging with changes of wind and current||duc d'albe|
|American Bureau of Shipping Rules: The molded depth in feet measured at the middle of the vessel's length on the estimated summer load line, from the top of the keel to the top of the deck beams at the side of the freeboard deck. In cases where watertight bulkheads are carried to a deck above the freeboard deck and it is desired to have them recorded in the register as effective, depth is to be taken to the bulkhead deck.||dybde|
|Lloyd's Rules: The depth at the middle of length from the top of keel to the top of deck beams at the side of the uppermost continuous deck, except in awning or shelter deck vessels, where it may be taken to the deck next below the awning or shelter deck, provided the height of tween decks does not exceed 8 feet. When the height of tween decks exceed 8 feet, the depth is to be taken from the top of keel to a point 8 feet below the awning or shelter deck||dybde|
|dead load. The weight of cargo and stores carried by a ship||dødvægt|
|fathometer or echo sounding machine is an instrument for determining the depth of water. The fathometer consists of an oscillator that produces a sound, a hydrophone for receiving the echo, and a time measuring element giving the elapsed interval of time between the emission of sound and receiving of the echo||ekkolod|
|painter - a length of rope secured at the bow of a small boat for use in towing or for making it fast||fangeline, fangline|
|messenger - a line sent out to lead a heavier line, such as leading a mooring line throught the shackle of a mooring buoy; or to lead a hawser to a disabled vessel||forbindelsesline|
|Fumigation. "The disinfecting of ships by filling them with hydrogen-cyanide or prussic acid gas. This fumigation is primarily to extinguish rats, mice, insects, lice, fleas, bug etc. It does not disinfect the plague bacillus but kills the rats that are the carriers||fumigering|
|Galley. A low flat-built vessel with one deck, propelled by sails and oars. The larger ones, called galleasses, were formerly used by the Venetianean II Also a rowboat, larger than a gig, for the use of the captain of a British man-of-war||galej|
|backrope - guys to sail carrying booms are sometimes known as backropes||gerd|
|flush deck vessel is constructed with an upper deck extending throughout its entire length without a break or a forecastle, poop or similar structure||glatdækskib|
|American grommet is a eyelet of brass or other metal stitched or pressed into a sail or other piece of canvas||grommetring|
|horse latitudes. "A belt of calms and light airs in the North Atlantic which borders the northern edge of the North East trade winds||hestebredde|
|Auxiliary machinery. The most important auxiliary machinery are the lubricating-oil pumps, the cooling-water pumps, filters, coolers, oil centrifuges and air compressors||hjælpemotor|
|hogging. "A distortion of a vessel's form in which the bow and stern drop below their normal position relative to the midship portion of the vessel. Structural weakness, grounding, or improper loading may result in this condition||hogging|
|round line. Made in the same manner as houseline but is of a larger size. Used for the same purposes as marline and houseline where a larger cord is necessary. It is loft laid. Runs 92 feet to the pound||hyssing|
|quay. A term used in Europe for a wharf. Strictly speaking a quay is an artificial wall or bank, usually of stone that is parallel and contiguous to the shore of a harbor or the bank of a river. It will accomodate ships only on one side. Roads, railways, warehouses, sheds, etc., are parallel to a ship loading or unloading at its berth. In the US this type of structure is called a wharf.
A quay pier is a structure extended from the mainland or lying between two docks or basins, of sufficient dimensions to permit all the elements of terminal equipment to be arranged parallel with the ship; accomodating vessels on both sides but at two distinct quay units
|kapok. "A soft cotton-like down growing in the seed-pods of trees of the Bombacacea family. The true kapok of commerce is a product of the tree Ceiba Pentandra. Fibres produced from the seed-pods of other trees of the Bombacacea are much inferior in quality. The Ceiba Pentandra kapok is produced chiefly in Java||kapokflydemiddel|
|clinker system plating: The edges of the outside plating form lap joints so that one edge of a plate is inside, while the other is outside. In this case tapered frame liners are used.
flush system plating: The edges of the outside plating form butt joints so that a flush surface is formed. The connections between plates are made by seam straps and butt straps.
in and out system plating: The edges of the outside plating form lap joints so that both edges of the plates are alternately inside or outside
|grain cubic maximum space for cargo in a hold, measured in cubic feet or metres, the measurements being taken to the inside of the shell plating of the ship or to the outside of the frames and to the top of the beams or under side of deck plating.
bale cubic the space available for cargo measured to the inside of the cargo battens, on the frames and to the underside of the beams, generally the space possible for stowing bales, crates, cases, and other sorts of containers
|Coasting vessels Ships trading between ports of the same country along the same coast are termed 'coastwise' or 'coasting' vessels. This is the definition in the USA. In Europe the term is used without reference to national boundaries||kystfart|
|rider plate. A continuous flat plate attached to the top of a center line vertical keel in a horizontal position. Its under side is attached to the floors, and when an inner bottom is fitted, it forms the center strake||køl|
|hogging. "A distortion of a vessel's form in which the bow and stern drop below their normal position relative to the midship portion of the vessel. Structural weakness, grounding, or improper loading may result in this condition||kølbrudt|
|save-all - a net placed between the vessel and the wharf to prevent cargo from falling into the water while loading or discharging||lossenet|
|cringle. "A ame often applied to a wire rope or oval thimble by members of the old school. This is poor usage, as a cringle is a rope eye worked into a sail||løjert|
|Dulcimer used on board ships to call passengers to meals. It consists of a row of 4 or 5 graduated flat metal bars. Soft harmonious tones are produced by a padded hammer or beater, with which the bars are alternately struck||måltid|
|"hack watch - a good watch with a second hand, used in taking observations to obviate the necessity of constantly moving the chronometer. A deck watch or a comparing watch||observationsur|
|nave line: tackle rigged from the afterpart of the lower mast and holding the middle af the parral in a position parallel to the yard when the yard is hoisted or lowered||rakketalje|
|Register of ships. A vessel must be registred in the merchant marine of a country after inspection, rating, measurements etc.
American vessels in foreign trade are "registered".
Vessels in coast and Great Lakes trade are "enrolled" and
vessels under 20 tons are "licensed".
They are all referred to as "documented"
|rudderbands are placed on each side of a rudder to help brace it and tie it into the pintles||ror|
|rudder bearding is the forward edge of a rudder, or that part of the rudder stock that corresponds to the bearding line on the stern post||ror|
|rudder frame - a vertical main piece and the arms that project from it which form the frame of the rudder||ror|
|gudgeons are lugs, cast or forges, on the stern post for the purpose of hanging and hinging the rudder. The rudder pintles are the bolts or pins which hinge the rudder to the gudgeons||ror|
|helm port - the hole in the counter of a ship through which the rudder stock passes||rorbrønd|
|scaling hammer - hammer used in scaling or chipping paint and rust from metal. The hammer has two sharp ridges set at right angles to each other||rustbankning|
|rail. In steel ships: Channel bars, shapes or flat pieces of wood fitted at the top of bulwark plating or at the top of rail stanchions. Also applied to the tiers of guard rods running betwwen the top rail and the deck||rælingsliste|
|shade-deck vessel. "A vessel constructed with a continuous upper deck of light scantlings and fitted with openingsin the side between the main and upper decks"||shadedæk|
|Scotchman - a piece of wood, hide or metal fitting seized to a shroud or other rigging to prevent chafing by the running gear||skamfiling|
|propeller boss: The central portion of the screw propeller which carries the blades and forms the medium of attachment to the propeller shaft||skrue|
|propeller blades: Radial arms, attached to the propeller hub, the faces of which forms portions of an approximately helical surface, the axis of which coincides with that of the propeller shaft.
Blades are either cast in one piece with the hub or cast separately and designed to be attached to the hub with bolts. In this latetr case, provisions is usually made for a slight adjustment in pitch by means of the shape of the bolt holes
|Sliding gunter - light upper mast fitted behind the mast to carry royals, skysail and the like||skysail|
|hatch cross beam. "A term applied to the portable athwartship beams in a hatch that support the fore and afters, which in turn support the hatch covers.
Also applied where these beams support the hatch covers directly without fore and afters, in which case the hatch covers must run fore and aft
|Fore-and-after. Portable beams running fore and aft in a hatchway which support the covers and in turn are supported by athwartship cross beams||skærstok|
|hatch carrier. The supports which are attached to the inside of the coaming to take the ends of the hatch beams||skærstokspor|
|rebate. The grooves in the side of the keel for receiving the garboard strake of plank. Commonly called the rabbet||spunding, spunning|
|head. The crew's toilet on board a naval vessel, so called because it is in the bow or "head" of a ship||toilet|
|guess warp. A hawser carried out in a boat and bent to a distant fixed object in order to warp the vessel toward it||varpe|